How to format your references using the European Journal of Population citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Population. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldman, J. (2000). Minimization of Boolean complexity in human concept learning. Nature, 407(6804), 630–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yosef, I., & Qimron, U. (2015). Microbiology: How bacteria get spacers from invaders. Nature, 519(7542), 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu, R., Reczek, D., & Brondyk, W. (2014). Capture-stabilize approach for membrane protein SPR assays. Scientific reports, 4, 7360.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ford, M. G., Pearse, B. M., Higgins, M. K., Vallis, Y., Owen, D. J., Gibson, A., et al. (2001). Simultaneous binding of PtdIns(4,5)P2 and clathrin by AP180 in the nucleation of clathrin lattices on membranes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5506), 1051–1055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, R. A. (2017). Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chan, D. K. (Ed.). (2008). Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will (Vol. 110). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Khalil, A., Bowles, L., & O’Brien, P. (2012). Systemic Thromboembolism in Pregnancy: Venous Thromboembolism. In H. Cohen & P. O’Brien (Eds.), Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management (pp. 51–69). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Population.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 12). The Southern Ocean Shows A Revived Ability To Absorb Atmospheric CO2. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD (No. B-133201). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quashie, Z. (2017). Issues with Care Provided by Direct Care Workers: A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E. A., & Greenhouse, S. (2014, June 27). Road to the Showdown at American Apparel. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Feldman 2000; Yosef and Qimron 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yosef and Qimron 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ford et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Population
AbbreviationEur. J. Popul.
ISSN (print)0168-6577
ISSN (online)1572-9885

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