How to format your references using the European Journal of Population citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Population. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2007). Moment of reckoning. Nature, 446(7138), 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
King, D. A., & Thomas, S. M. (2007). Science and government. Taking science out of the box--foresight recast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1701–1702.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krishnan, M., Ugaz, V. M., & Burns, M. A. (2002). PCR in a Rayleigh-Bénard convection cell. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 793.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Volkov, I., Banavar, J. R., He, F., Hubbell, S. P., & Maritan, A. (2005). Density dependence explains tree species abundance and diversity in tropical forests. Nature, 438(7068), 658–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz, H. R., Muñoz, A. M., & Gacula, M. C., Jr. (2008). Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.
An edited book
Klous, S. (2016). We are Big Data: The Future of the Information Society. (N. Wielaard, Ed.). Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Wadkar, S., & Siddalingaiah, M. (2014). Basics of MapReduce Development. In M. Siddalingaiah (Ed.), Pro Apache Hadoop (pp. 73–106). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Population.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, March 9). Watch A Snake Swallow A Giant Egg. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Construction of a Computer Facilities Building by the Social Security Administration: Justification and Alternatives (No. HRD-77-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villagomez, G. C. (2017). Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 5). More Than a Wizard. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (King and Thomas 2007; Wadman 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (King and Thomas 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Volkov et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Population
AbbreviationEur. J. Popul.
ISSN (print)0168-6577
ISSN (online)1572-9885

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