How to format your references using the European Journal of Population citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Population. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ludvigsson, J. F. (2005). Recruiters and academia. Hard times for Swedish physician-researchers. Nature, 434(7032), 542.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzkopf, D. S., & Rees, G. (2010). Neuroscience. Brain activity to rely on? Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5961), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hembacher, S., Giessibl, F. J., & Mannhart, J. (2004). Force microscopy with light-atom probes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 380–383.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kennedy, M., Droser, M., Mayer, L. M., Pevear, D., & Mrofka, D. (2006). Late Precambrian oxygenation; inception of the clay mineral factory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1446–1449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greenspan, D. (2008). Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Campos, J., & Haverkort, B. R. (Eds.). (2015). Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 12th International Conference, QEST 2015, Madrid, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 9259). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirabayashi, Y. (2011). Collective Recognition and Shared Identity: Factors Behind the Emergence and Mobilization Process in a Referendum Movement1. In J. Broadbent & V. Brockman (Eds.), East Asian Social Movements: Power, Protest, and Change in a Dynamic Region (pp. 81–97). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Population.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 22). Why China And Europe Should Form The World’s Most Powerful ‘Climate Bloc.’ IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Federal Vehicle Fleets: Adopting Leading Practices Could Improve Management (No. GAO-13-659). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lovejoy, L. P. (2010). On the control of selective attention in the primate superior colliculus (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., & Eddy, M. (2016, November 3). E.U. Official Apologizes For Comments On Chinese. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ludvigsson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ludvigsson 2005; Schwarzkopf and Rees 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwarzkopf and Rees 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kennedy et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Population
AbbreviationEur. J. Popul.
ISSN (print)0168-6577
ISSN (online)1572-9885

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