How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasselmo, M.E.: Neuroscience. The scale of experience. Science. 321, 46–47 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Morel, F.M.M., Price, N.M.: The biogeochemical cycles of trace metals in the oceans. Science. 300, 944–947 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Vilan, A., Shanzer, A., Cahen, D.: Molecular control over Au/GaAs diodes. Nature. 404, 166–168 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jia, D., Jurkowska, R.Z., Zhang, X., Jeltsch, A., Cheng, X.: Structure of Dnmt3a bound to Dnmt3L suggests a model for de novo DNA methylation. Nature. 449, 248–251 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji, S., Hedges, P.: Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Abraham, A., Hassanien, A.-E., Sná¿el, V. eds: Computational Social Network Analysis: Trends, Tools and Research Advances. Springer, London (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Bergmann, R.: Ambient Intelligence for Decision Making in Fire Service Organizations. In: Schiele, B., Dey, A.K., Gellersen, H., Ruyter, B. de, Tscheligi, M., Wichert, R., Aarts, E., and Buchmann, A. (eds.) Ambient Intelligence: European Conference, AmI 2007, Darmstadt, Germany, November 7-10, 2007. Proceedings. pp. 73–90. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Sinica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Extensive freshwater reservoirs have been discovered beneath the oceans,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA’s Oversight of Airlines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, C.M.: Understanding the Anxiolytic Effects of Alcohol on the Central Extended Amygdala in Humans, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: TV in the Age of Trump, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Mech. Sin.
ISSN (print)0567-7718
ISSN (online)1614-3116
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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