How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen, G.J.: Cell biology. Protein filaments caught in the act. Science. 323, 472–473 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinnamon, S.C., Reynolds, S.D.: Cell biology. Using taste to clear the air(ways). Science. 325, 1081–1082 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, D.S.G., Knight, M., Wiggs, G.F.S.: Remobilization of southern African desert dune systems by twenty-first century global warming. Nature. 435, 1218–1221 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vilà, C., Leonard, J.A., Gotherstrom, A., Marklund, S., Sandberg, K., Liden, K., Wayne, R.K., Ellegren, H.: Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages. Science. 291, 474–477 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nahar, L., Sarker, S.D.: Steroid Dimers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Braz, J., Ranchordas, A., Araújo, H., Jorge, J. eds: Advances in Computer Graphics and Computer Vision: International Conferences VISAPP and GRAPP 2006, Setúbal, Portugal, February 25-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Armstrong, P.A., Bandyk, D.F.: Duplex Scanning for Lower Extremity Arterial Disease. In: AbuRahma, A.F. and Bergan, J.J. (eds.) Noninvasive Peripheral Arterial Diagnosis. pp. 47–55. Springer, London (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Sinica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Sharp-toothed tigerfish jumps into the sky to eat birds,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Child Restraint Systems, and Child Restraint Anchorage Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, J.: An Inquiry into Theory Use in HCI Research, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robles, F., Stewart, N.: A Church Shooting Defendant With ‘a Darkness to His Life,’ (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Mech. Sin.
ISSN (print)0567-7718
ISSN (online)1614-3116
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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