How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz, J.: The stability against freezing of an internal liquid-water ocean in Callisto. Nature. 412, 409–411 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Boltasseva, A., Atwater, H.A.: Materials science. Low-loss plasmonic metamaterials. Science. 331, 290–291 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook-Deegan, R., Chandrasekharan, S., Angrist, M.: The dangers of diagnostic monopolies. Nature. 458, 405–406 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aoki, K., Takahashi, K., Kaizu, K., Matsuda, M.: A quantitative model of ERK MAP kinase phosphorylation in crowded media. Sci. Rep. 3, 1541 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan, V.: Probability and Random Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Leal Filho, W. ed: Transformative Approaches to Sustainable Development at Universities: Working Across Disciplines. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Chevitarese, D.S., Szwarcman, D., Vellasco, M.: Speeding Up the Training of Neural Networks with CUDA Technology. In: Rutkowski, L., Korytkowski, M., Scherer, R., Tadeusiewicz, R., Zadeh, L.A., and Zurada, J.M. (eds.) Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 11th International Conference, ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. pp. 30–38. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Sinica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Philae Sends Back First Images, But Problems Mean Its Mission Could Soon Be Over,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: U.S. Communications Policy: Issues for the 1990s. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochoa-Bontemps, R.S.: Rebuilding the Broken Mirror: An Imaginal Approach to the Multicultural Self, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B.: Et Al, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Mech. Sin.
ISSN (print)0567-7718
ISSN (online)1614-3116
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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