How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentrup, C.: Chemistry. Fleeting molecules extend their stay. Science. 292, 1846–1847 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Rees, D.C., Howard, J.B.: The interface between the biological and inorganic worlds: iron-sulfur metalloclusters. Science. 300, 929–931 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Velicer, G.J., Kroos, L., Lenski, R.E.: Developmental cheating in the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature. 404, 598–601 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yuan, Y., Xu, W., He, X., Liu, H., Cao, S., Qi, X., Huang, K., Luo, Y.: Effects of genetically modified T2A-1 rice on the GI health of rats after 90-day supplement. Sci. Rep. 3, 1962 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rassool, G.H.: Addiction for Nurses. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Gardner-Bonneau, D.: Human Factors and Voice Interactive Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Valdez-Hernández, M., González-Salvatierra, C., Reyes-García, C., Jackson, P.C., Andrade, J.L.: Physiological Ecology of Vascular Plants. In: Islebe, G.A., Calmé, S., León-Cortés, J.L., and Schmook, B. (eds.) Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatán Peninsula. pp. 97–129. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Sinica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: NASA Chief Suggests The U.S. May Start Working With China In Space,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: A Comprehensive Plan Could Facilitate Implementation of a National Performance Management Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2017)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, J.: Adherence to medications among Vietnamese Americans 65 years of age and older, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T.: From Colonial India, Lessons for a Changed Economy, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Mech. Sin.
ISSN (print)0567-7718
ISSN (online)1614-3116
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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