How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Insel, T.R.: Neuroscience. Shining light on depression. Science. 317, 757–758 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Page, J., Ware, M.: Perspective: Close the knowledge gap. Nature. 525, S9 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wasan, D.T., Nikolov, A.D., Brenner, H.: Fluid dynamics. Droplets speeding on surfaces. Science. 291, 605–606 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bella, A., Shaw, M., Ray, S., Ryadnov, M.G.: Filming protein fibrillogenesis in real time. Sci. Rep. 4, 7529 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunter, D.A.: A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Harmon, R.S. ed: The Río Chagres, Panama: A Multidisciplinary Profile of a Tropical Watershed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Bradley, J., Bradley, M.D., Colvin, J.: Which Universal Service Obligation Attributes Do Americans Value? In: Crew, M. and Brennan, T.J. (eds.) The Future of the Postal Sector in a Digital World. pp. 59–74. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica Sinica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Revealed: Why Animals’ Pupils Come In Different Shapes And Sizes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Monitoring the Development of the Federal Power Commission’s Regulatory Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, A.: Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: State Pension Fund Faces Shortfall, Candidate Says, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Mech. Sin.
ISSN (print)0567-7718
ISSN (online)1614-3116
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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