How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chisari FV. Unscrambling hepatitis C virus-host interactions. Nature. 2005;436:930–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bostwick KS, Prum RO. Courting bird sings with stridulating wing feathers. Science. 2005;309:736.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang C, Shim M, Guyot-Sionnest P. Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science. 2001;291:2390–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yin L, Wang J, Klein PS, Lazar MA. Nuclear receptor Rev-erbalpha is a critical lithium-sensitive component of the circadian clock. Science. 2006;311:1002–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Pohl V. Advanced Topics in System and Signal Theory: A Mathematical Approach. Boche H, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mali KP, Singh K, Kotwal PC, Omprakash MD. Strengthening Forest Resource Valuation and Accounting System: A Case of Forest Resources of Kerala, India. In: Ghosh N, Mukhopadhyay P, Shah A, Panda M, editors. Nature, Economy and Society: Understanding the Linkages. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. p. 87–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Ancient DNA Recovered From Clay Statues Reveal Secrets Of Mysterious African Culture [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/ancient-dna-recovered-from-clay-statues-reveal-secrets-of-mysterious-african-culture/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: SSA Efforts in Implementing Its Field Office Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 May. Report No.: IMTEC-89-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eaddy M. An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. New President for the Long Island Rail Road. New York Times. 2007 Jun 10;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationScand. J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (online)1757-7241
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles