How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Segal HP. Back to the future from 1888. Nature. 2001;409:563.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rashid H, Boyle EA. Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal delta18O approach. Science. 2007;318:439–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Taggart AKP, Teng S-C, Zakian VA. Est1p as a cell cycle-regulated activator of telomere-bound telomerase. Science. 2002;297:1023–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schnorrer F, Schönbauer C, Langer CCH, Dietzl G, Novatchkova M, Schernhuber K, et al. Systematic genetic analysis of muscle morphogenesis and function in Drosophila. Nature. 2010;464:287–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bishop CA. Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Buzdin AA, Lukyanov SA, editors. Nucleic Acids Hybridization Modern Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nakanishi H, Islam MF. Quantum Percolation in Two Dimensions. In: Chakrabarti BK, Bardhan KK, Sen AK, editors. Quantum and Semi-classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 1–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Astronomers Have Found Another Star That Has Extreme Dips In Light For Unknown Reasons [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-have-found-another-star-that-has-extreme-dips-in-light-for-unknown-reasons/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Justice ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-90-40FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gu J. Measurement, modeling, and synthesis of time-varying appearance of natural phenomena [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bray C, Kanter J. E.U. Proposal May Shrink London’s Financial Footprint. New York Times. 2017 May 4;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationScand. J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (online)1757-7241
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles