How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rosset P. Preventing hunger: change economic policy. Nature. 2011;479:472–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vokrouhlicky D, Farinella P. Efficient delivery of meteorites to the Earth from a wide range of asteroid parent bodies. Nature. 2000;407:606–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Baker CR, Hanson-Smith V, Johnson AD. Following gene duplication, paralog interference constrains transcriptional circuit evolution. Science. 2013;342:104–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu J, Boyle E, Sunda W, Wen LS. Soluble and colloidal iron in the oligotrophic North Atlantic and North Pacific. Science. 2001;293:847–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wood P. Western Art and the Wider World. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Mathis K. Efficiency Instead of Justice?: Searching for the Philosophical Foundations of the Economic Analysis of Law. Shannon D, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Iser B, Schmidt G. Bandwidth Extension of Telephony Speech. In: Hänsler E, Schmidt G, editors. Speech and Audio Processing in Adverse Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 135–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Maternal Deaths Worldwide Have Almost Halved In 25 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/maternal-deaths-worldwide-have-almost-halved-in-25-years/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. GPS Disruptions: Efforts to Assess Risks to Critical Infrastructure and Coordinate Agency Actions Should Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Nov. Report No.: GAO-14-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cornejo VM. Teachers’ perceptions about promoting mental health in the classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B, Gordon MR. U.S. War Footprint Grows, With No Endgame in Sight. New York Times. 2017 Mar 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationScand. J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (online)1757-7241
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles