How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hackney DD. Biochemistry. Processive motor movement. Science. 2007;316:58–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kashefi K, Lovley DR. Extending the upper temperature limit for life. Science. 2003;301:934.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gardner TJ, Naef F, Nottebohm F. Freedom and rules: the acquisition and reprogramming of a bird’s learned song. Science. 2005;308:1046–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Eubelen M, Bostaille N, Cabochette P, Gauquier A, Tebabi P, Dumitru AC, et al. A molecular mechanism for Wnt ligand-specific signaling. Science. 2018;361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rebonato R. Volatility and Correlation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1. Mogensen CE, editor. Pharmacotherapy of Diabetes: New Developments: Improving Life and Prognosis for Diabetic Patients. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shishodia S, Singh T, Chaturvedi MM. MODULATION OF TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS BY CURCUMIN. In: Aggarwal BB, Surh Y-J, Shishodia S, editors. The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 127–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Is What An Ancient Egyptian Woman Looked LIke [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/this-is-what-an-ancient-egyptian-woman-looked-like/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Restatement Database. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Aug. Report No.: GAO-06-1053R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Torres N. Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Australia’s Property Boom Makes Publisher a Target. New York Times. 2017 May 30;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationScand. J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (online)1757-7241
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles