How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wickware P. Fields of dreams. Nature. 2002;415:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoekstra HE, Price T. Evolution. Parallel evolution is in the genes. Science. 2004;303:1779–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Freitas R, Zhang G, Cohn MJ. Evidence that mechanisms of fin development evolved in the midline of early vertebrates. Nature. 2006;442:1033–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Evans PG, Isaacs ED, Aeppli G, Cai Z, Lai B. X-ray microdiffraction images of antiferromagnetic domain evolution in chromium. Science. 2002;295:1042–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hackshaw A. A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2014.
An edited book
1.
Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies VI: 6th International Workshop, DALT 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tassios TP. Seismic Protection of Monuments. In: Tankut AT ed. Earthquakes and Tsunamis: Civil Engineering Disaster Mitigation Activities Implementing Millennium Development Goals. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2009:53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
What Would Happen If Earth Stopped Spinning? (https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-would-happen-if-earth-stopped-spinning/). Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Asbestos in Schools: A Dilemma. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cole KW. Principal investigator and department administrator perceptions of services provided by Offices of Research Administration at research universities. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Musburger Criticized for Remarks About Star’s Girlfriend During Title Game. New York Times. 2013:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
AbbreviationScand. J. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0300-9742
ISSN (online)1502-7732
ScopeImmunology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

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