How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Duncan M. Astronomy. Re-viewing an old comet reservoir. Science. 2009;325:1211–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yun MH, Hiom K. CtIP-BRCA1 modulates the choice of DNA double-strand-break repair pathway throughout the cell cycle. Nature. 2009;459:460–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scholz M, Lo C-C, Chain PSG. Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6480.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Miller KG, Kominz MA, Browning JV, Wright JD, Mountain GS, Katz ME et al. The Phanerozoic record of global sea-level change. Science. 2005;310:1293–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alberty RA. Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
1.
Using Data to Improve Higher Education: Research, Policy and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ramtal D, Dobre A. The Laws Governing Motion. In: Dobre A ed. The Essential Guide to Physics for Flash Games, Animation, and Simulations. Berkeley, CA: Apress. 2011:135–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Astronomers Have Spotted Something Very, Very Strange Surrounding A Distant Star. (https://www.iflscience.com/space/milky-ways-most-mysterious-star/). Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Protecting the Consumer From Potentially Harmful Shellfish (Clams, Mussels, and Oysters). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Delisio JP. Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016:MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
AbbreviationScand. J. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0300-9742
ISSN (online)1502-7732
ScopeImmunology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

Other styles