How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulacki G. US and China need contact, not cold war. Nature. 2011;474:444–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Villaume MT, Baran PS. Organic chemistry: Reactivity tamed one bond at a time. Nature. 2014;513:324–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
King J-R, Bekinschtein T, Dehaene S. Comment on ‘Preserved feedforward but impaired top-down processes in the vegetative state’. Science. 2011;334:1203; author reply 1203.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Frampton JP, White JB, Simon AB, Tsuei M, Paczesny S, Takayama S. Aqueous two-phase system patterning of detection antibody solutions for cross-reaction-free multiplex ELISA. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Der Pijl P, Solomon LK, Lokitz J. How To Design a Better Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
Small Businesses in the Aftermath of the Crisis: International Analyses and Policies. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD. 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Saha I, Plewczyński D, Maulik U, Bandyopadhyay S. Consensus Multiobjective Differential Crisp Clustering for Categorical Data Analysis. In: Szczuka M, Kryszkiewicz M, Ramanna S et al. eds. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2010:30–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
New Species Of Peacock Spider Discovered. ( Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Propriety of Additional Reimbursement for Shipment of Household Effects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada KK. Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Shear MD. To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade. New York Times. 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
AbbreviationScand. J. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0300-9742
ISSN (online)1502-7732
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles