How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gordon P. Numerical cognition without words: evidence from Amazonia. Science. 2004;306:496–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yashin VV, Balazs AC. Pattern formation and shape changes in self-oscillating polymer gels. Science. 2006;314:798–801.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lee YK, Lee H, Park JY. Tandem-structured, hot electron based photovoltaic cell with double Schottky barriers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chong H, Li P, Wang S, Fu F, Xiang J, Zhu M, et al. Au25 clusters as electron-transfer catalysts induced the intramolecular cascade reaction of 2-nitrobenzonitrile. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gaffney S, Francis C. Honesty Sells. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Godbole P, Wilcox DT, Koyle MA, editors. Consent in Pediatric Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ghoualmi L, Draa A, Chikhi S. Ear Feature Extraction Using a DWT-SIFT Hybrid. In: Abraham A, Jiang XH, Snášel V, Pan J-S, editors. Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications: Proceedings of the Second Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, ECC 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
1. Evans K. First Global Analysis Of Alien Species Reveals World’s “Hotspots” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Communications Policy: Issues for the 1990s. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-91-52B.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lucky-Medford L. A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Delreal JA, Bromwich JE. Suspect, an Unmoored Retiree, Kept Quiet and Gambled Often. New York Times. 2017 Oct 2;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Infect. Dis.
ISSN (online)1534-6250

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