How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Williams R. Biomarkers: warning signs. Nature. 2011;475:S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zaret KS, Grompe M. Generation and regeneration of cells of the liver and pancreas. Science. 2008;322:1490–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thomas DSG, Knight M, Wiggs GFS. Remobilization of southern African desert dune systems by twenty-first century global warming. Nature. 2005;435:1218–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Woo SH, Choi YY, Kim DJ, Bien F, Kim JJ. Tissue-informative mechanism for wearable non-invasive continuous blood pressure monitoring. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hansen KL, Zenobia KE. Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Goli F, editor. Biosemiotic Medicine: Healing in the World of Meaning. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Backhaus M, Miedany YE. Ankylosing Spondylitis. In: El Miedany Y, editor. Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
1. Hale T. NASA Don’t Know What This Hole On Mars Is. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: The Role of the Workplace. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Jul. Report No.: GAO-15-639SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Green EI. Caregiver wellness: An inquiry of health risks among frontline direct caregivers of the elderly and disabled [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dorman JL. Crossing the River From ‘Midnight’ to Freedom. New York Times. 2017 Feb 24;TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Infect. Dis.
ISSN (online)1534-6250
Scope

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