How to format your references using the Mediterranean Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abraham, R.T. (2015) Cell biology. Making sense of amino acid sensing Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6218), pp. 128–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huey, R.B., & P.D. Ward (2005) Hypoxia, global warming, and terrestrial late Permian extinctions Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720), pp. 398–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé, L., D.A.W. Barton, & A. Johansson (2014) Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces Scientific Reports, 4, p. 4856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, M., T. Labuda, Y. Xia, E. Gallagher, D. Fang, Y.-C. Liu, & M. Karin (2004) Jun turnover is controlled through JNK-dependent phosphorylation of the E3 ligase Itch Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), pp. 271–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., W. Brantley, & P.P. Phillips (2011) Project Management ROI (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
De Haes, S. (2015) Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Alignment and Value, Featuring COBIT 5 (Van Grembergen, W., Ed.) (2nd ed. 2015) (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Ata, A. (2009) Novel Bioactive Natural Products from Marine and Terrestrial Sources in: Şener, B. (Ed) Innovations in Chemical Biology (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Politics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, December 15) Boron Discovered On Mars For The First Time, Available at (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools: New Facilities Management Information System Promising, but Improved Data Accuracy Needed (No. GAO-03-692) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ott, W.H. (2017) An Analysis of the Coordinated Implementation of Digitally-Aided Close Air Support: An Integrated Systems Engineering and Test & Evaluation Approach (Doctoral dissertation) George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. (2015, September 24) Applying for College Aid Is Set to Get Easier New York Times, p. A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abraham, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Abraham, 2015; Huey & Ward, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huey & Ward, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Goscé, Barton, & Johansson, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gao et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Politics
ISSN (print)1362-9395
ISSN (online)1743-9418

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