How to format your references using the Mediterranean Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zewail, A.H. (2010) Four-dimensional electron microscopy Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5975), pp. 187–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lister, A.M., & A.V. Sher (2001) The origin and evolution of the woolly mammoth Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5544), pp. 1094–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Y. Ramu, & Z. Lu (2008) Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels Nature, 451(7180), pp. 826–29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Janecka, J.E., W. Miller, T.H. Pringle, F. Wiens, A. Zitzmann, K.M. Helgen, … W.J. Murphy (2007) Molecular and genomic data identify the closest living relative of primates Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), pp. 792–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M.A., S.L. Segelnick, J.S. Insler, & S. Kramer (2015) The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
Brocke, J.V., & M. Rosemann (Eds) (2010) Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Chaim, D., Y. Keret, & B.-S. Ilany (2012) Proportional Reasoning—A Psychological-Didactical View in: Ben-Chaim, D., Y. Keret, & B.-S. Ilany (Eds) Ratio and Proportion: Research and Teaching in Mathematics Teachers’ Education (Pre- and In-Service Mathematics Teachers of Elementary and Middle School Classes) (Rotterdam: SensePublishers).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 22) Man Talks To Possum, And The Possum Talks Back, Available at (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) FTS 2001: Contract Transition Delays and Their Impact on Program Goals (No. GAO-01-544T) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tegtmeier, T. (2009) Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students (Doctoral dissertation) California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, January 9) Soundtracks Dominate the Billboard Top 10 New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zewail, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lister & Sher, 2001; Zewail, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lister & Sher, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Xu, Ramu, & Lu, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Janecka et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Politics
ISSN (print)1362-9395
ISSN (online)1743-9418

Other styles