How to format your references using the Mediterranean Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staley, K. (2004) Neuroscience. Epileptic neurons go wireless Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), pp. 482–83.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, S., & S.J. Lee (2014) Nanoparticle role on the repeatability of stimuli-responsive nanocomposites Scientific Reports, 4, p. 6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Core, L.J., J.J. Waterfall, & J.T. Lis (2008) Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), pp. 1845–48.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, H.-X., G.-M. Wang, Z. Tao, & T.J. Cui (2014) High-directivity emissions with flexible beam numbers and beam directions using gradient-refractive-index fractal metamaterial Scientific Reports, 4, p. 5744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey, R. (2013) A Dictionary of Varieties of English (Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons).
An edited book
Pichardo Lagunas, O., O. Herrera Alcántara, & G. Arroyo Figueroa (Eds) (2015) Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part II (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9414) (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Zatwarnicki, K. (2011) Adaptive Request Distribution in Cluster-Based Web System in: König, A., A. Dengel, K. Hinkelmann, K. Kise, R. J. Howlett, & L. C. Jain (Eds) Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 16) 22 Ways To Cut Your Energy Bills (Before Spending On Solar Panels), Available at (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Consolidated Student Loans: Borrowers Benefit but Costs to Them and the Government Grow (No. HRD-90-8) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks-Harris, M.T. (2012) Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation) Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, January 16) ‘La La Land’ Music Jumps to No. 2 New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Staley, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ahn & Lee, 2014; Staley, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahn & Lee, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Core, Waterfall, & Lis, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu, Wang, Tao, & Cui, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Politics
ISSN (print)1362-9395
ISSN (online)1743-9418

Other styles