How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartwell, L. (2004). Genetics. Robust interactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 774–775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez, A., & Golding, I. (2013). Genetic determinants and cellular constraints in noisy gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1188–1193.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards, M. P., Schulting, R. J., & Hedges, R. E. M. (2003). Archaeology: sharp shift in diet at onset of Neolithic. Nature, 425(6956), 366.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cui, H., Levesque, M. P., Vernoux, T., Jung, J. W., Paquette, A. J., Gallagher, K. L., Wang, J. Y., Blilou, I., Scheres, B., & Benfey, P. N. (2007). An evolutionarily conserved mechanism delimiting SHR movement defines a single layer of endodermis in plants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 421–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
May, V., & Kühn, O. (2007). Charge and Energy Transfer Dynamics in Molecular Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Bock, R. (Ed.). (2007). Cell and Molecular Biology of Plastids (Vol. 19). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mula, J., & Campuzano, F. (2011). System Dynamics: Main Concepts. In J. Mula (Ed.), Supply Chain Simulation: A System Dynamics Approach for Improving Performance (pp. 37–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 3). The Trouble With Using Synthetic Rhino Horn to Stop Poaching. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Aviation Competition: Effects on Consumers from Domestic Airline Alliances Vary (RCED-99-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, A. (2009). The mark of gender: Depicting power and the female body in colonial Peru [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, May 26). Cyclists: Where to Live in New York. New York Times, RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartwell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hartwell, 2004; Sanchez & Golding, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanchez & Golding, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Richards et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cui et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism
AbbreviationScand. J. Hosp. Tourism
ISSN (print)1502-2250
ISSN (online)1502-2269
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles