How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, J. F. (2013). Chemistry. Entropies of adsorbed molecules exceed expectations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6115), 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaw, A. S., & Huang, Y. (2010). Immunology. CAR’ing for the skin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5996), 1154–1155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Borys, N. J., Shafran, E., & Lupton, J. M. (2013). Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots. Scientific Reports, 3, 2090.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aaskov, J., Buzacott, K., Thu, H. M., Lowry, K., & Holmes, E. C. (2006). Long-term transmission of defective RNA viruses in humans and Aedes mosquitoes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 236–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone, C., & Pesole, G. (2005). Handbook of Comparative Genomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nickerson, C. A., Pellis, N. R., & Ott, C. M. (Eds.). (2016). Effect of Spaceflight and Spaceflight Analogue Culture on Human and Microbial Cells: Novel Insights into Disease Mechanisms (1st ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hening, P. (2014). Policy and Advocacy: Role of Civil Society in Disaster Management Bill Processes in Indonesia. In R. Shaw & T. Izumi (Eds.), Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction: The Asian Dilemma (pp. 43–58). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 29). Universal Sperm Bank Would Strike at a Core Human Freedom. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Research and Development Programs With Regard to Short-Term Weather Phenomena (B-100063). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J. J. (2012). Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, January 13). Fire Survivor and a Possible Olympian: A Horse Named Neville. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weaver, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Shaw & Huang, 2010; Weaver, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaw & Huang, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Borys et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Aaskov et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism
AbbreviationScand. J. Hosp. Tourism
ISSN (print)1502-2250
ISSN (online)1502-2269
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles