How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ensslin, T. A. (2006). Astronomy. Radio traces of cosmic shock waves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 772–773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M. M., & Johanson, Z. (2003). Separate evolutionary origins of teeth from evidence in fossil jawed vertebrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1235–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley, A. M., Michalet, X., & Weiss, S. (2001). Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1671–1672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Santander-Syro, A. F., Copie, O., Kondo, T., Fortuna, F., Pailhès, S., Weht, R., Qiu, X. G., Bertran, F., Nicolaou, A., Taleb-Ibrahimi, A., Le Fèvre, P., Herranz, G., Bibes, M., Reyren, N., Apertet, Y., Lecoeur, P., Barthélémy, A., & Rozenberg, M. J. (2011). Two-dimensional electron gas with universal subbands at the surface of SrTiO(3). Nature, 469(7329), 189–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fanchi, J. R. (2006). Math Refresher for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schulze, B.-W., & Wong, M. W. (Eds.). (2010). Pseudo-Differential Operators: Complex Analysis and Partial Differential Equations: International Workshop, York University, Canada, August 4–8, 2008 (Vol. 205). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Harris, K. (2010). Selling and Building Linked Data: Drive Value and Gain Momentum. In D. Wood (Ed.), Linking Enterprise Data (pp. 65–76). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 14). An Underground Instrument Will Measure How Much Earth Drags Spacetime. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Information Technology: VA and DOD Are Making Progress in Sharing Medical Information, but Are Far from Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records (GAO-07-852T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Talice, K. W. (2017). An Assessment of Veterans Affairs Healthcare Leadership Competencies [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2015, February 15). The Progressive Who Didn’t Pass ‘Go.’ New York Times, BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ensslin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ensslin, 2006; Smith & Johanson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Johanson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Kelley et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Santander-Syro et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism
AbbreviationScand. J. Hosp. Tourism
ISSN (print)1502-2250
ISSN (online)1502-2269
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles