How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb, B. (2002). Robots in invertebrate neuroscience. Nature, 417(6886), 359–363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Honma, T., & Goto, K. (2001). Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs. Nature, 409(6819), 525–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cannistraci, C. V., Alanis-Lobato, G., & Ravasi, T. (2013). From link-prediction in brain connectomes and protein interactomes to the local-community-paradigm in complex networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 1613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berl, V., Huc, I., Khoury, R. G., Krische, M. J., & Lehn, J. M. (2000). Interconversion of single and double helices formed from synthetic molecular strands. Nature, 407(6805), 720–723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, G. J., & Doganaksoy, N. (2011). A Career in Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capello, R. (2008). Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competiveness and Global Strategies. (R. Camagni, B. Chizzolini, & U. Fratesi, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zanibbi, R., Blostein, D., & Cordy, J. R. (2008). Decision-Based Specification and Comparison of Table Recognition Algorithms. In S. Marinai & H. Fujisawa (Eds.), Machine Learning in Document Analysis and Recognition (pp. 71–103). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 4). How To Capture The Violent Tumult Of Our Roiling Universe, Moment By Moment. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Centralized Direction Needed for Calibration Program (No. LCD-77-426). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alaiyegbami, A. O. (2014). Porescale Investigation of Gas Shales Reservoir Description by Comparing the Barnett, Mancos, and Marcellus Formation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dunlap, D. W., & Beachy, S. C. (2016, September 11). Seeking the Final Faces to Fill a Sept. 11 Tapestry. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webb, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Honma & Goto, 2001; Webb, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Honma & Goto, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cannistraci, Alanis-Lobato, & Ravasi, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Berl, Huc, Khoury, Krische, & Lehn, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism
AbbreviationScand. J. Hosp. Tourism
ISSN (print)1502-2250
ISSN (online)1502-2269
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles