How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lenski, R. E. (2001). Genetics and evolution. Come fly, and leave the baggage behind. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 533–534.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ralph, T. C., & Boyd, R. W. (2007). PHYSICS. Better computing with photons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5854), 1251–1252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grutzendler, J., Kasthuri, N., & Gan, W.-B. (2002). Long-term dendritic spine stability in the adult cortex. Nature, 420(6917), 812–816.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Repp, J., Meyer, G., Olsson, F. E., & Persson, M. (2004). Controlling the charge state of individual gold adatoms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5683), 493–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumacher, L. (2011). Divine Illumination. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Saliou, G. (2014). Practical Guide to Neurovascular Emergencies (M. Theaudin, C. Join-Lambert Vincent, & R. Souillard-Scemama, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, H.-Y. (2012). Minimizing the Total Flow Time for Lot Streaming Flow Shop Using an Effective Discrete Harmony Search Algorithm. In D.-S. Huang, Y. Gan, P. Gupta, & M. M. Gromiha (Eds.), Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICIC 2011, Zhengzhou, China, August 11-14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 32–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 24). Teens Invent Condoms That Change Color When They Detect STDs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Aviation Security: Urgent Issues Need to Be Addressed (T-RCED/NSIAD-96-251). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, H. (2009). Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, April 13). Ah, Spring, When Street Fairs Battle Each Other for Permits. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lenski, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lenski, 2001; Ralph & Boyd, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ralph & Boyd, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Grutzendler et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Repp et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism
AbbreviationScand. J. Hosp. Tourism
ISSN (print)1502-2250
ISSN (online)1502-2269
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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