How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Maureille, “A lost Neanderthal neonate found,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6902, pp. 33–34, Sep. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. C. Walter and D. J. Merritts, “Natural streams and the legacy of water-powered mills,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5861, pp. 299–304, Jan. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Tatano, T. Shimizu, and H. Tomioka, “Unique macrophages different from M1/M2 macrophages inhibit T cell mitogenesis while upregulating Th17 polarization,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4146, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Gelbard-Sagiv, R. Mukamel, M. Harel, R. Malach, and I. Fried, “Internally generated reactivation of single neurons in human hippocampus during free recall,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5898, pp. 96–101, Oct. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Simon and J. Ospina, Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
K. E. Wartenberg, K. Shukri, and T. Abdelhak, Eds., Neurointensive Care: A Clinical Guide to Patient Safety. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Kasamatsu, T. Koga, and K. Kaminisi, “Modeling and Visualization of Product-Service Systems for Success of Business,” in The Philosopher’s Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th - 9th, 2012, Y. Shimomura and K. Kimita, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Scientists Can Now Make Leukemia Cells Kill Each Other,” IFLScience, Oct. 21, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-92-5, Oct. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. P. Cuomo, “SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to $5.7 Billion in Debt,” New York Times, p. B4, Sep. 03, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1545-5955
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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