How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Loder, “Cambridge seeks Pound Sterling 1.6 million to buy Newton’s papers,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6799, p. 924, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. E. Brown and C. C. Funk, “Climate. Food security under climate change,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5863, pp. 580–581, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. J. Gosse, L. M. Nevin, and H. Baier, “Retinotopic order in the absence of axon competition,” Nature, vol. 452, no. 7189, pp. 892–895, Apr. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.-Y. Shin et al., “The effect of doping Sb on the electronic structure and the device characteristics of Ovonic Threshold Switches based on Ge-Se,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7099, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-M. Laheurte, C. Ripoll, D. Paret, and C. Loussert, UHF RFID Technologies for Identification and Traceability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
A. Trecca, Ed., Atlas of Ileoscopy: A Collection of Clinical Cases. Milano: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
U. Chaudhary, B. Zhu, and A. Godavarty, “Brain Connectivity Studies of Joint Attention Using Frequency-Domain Diffuse Optical Imaging,” in 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA, A. J. McGoron, C.-Z. Li, and W.-C. Lin, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 7–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Top 10 Unsolved Mysteries of Science,” IFLScience, 25-Jun-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Is Not Ready to Be Deployed,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-92-54, May 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Camaya, “Teachers’ perceptions of social skills instruction for children with autism spectrum disorders,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. R. Suleiman, “Selected for Death,” New York Times, p. BR20, 18-Oct-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1545-5955
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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