How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin J. 2007. Science careers. Getting on the grid: bringing remote, intermittent energy sources into line. Science. 315(5813):870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen LJ, Bork P. 2008. Biochemistry. Not comparable, but complementary. Science. 322(5898):56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer S, Bartel R, Han BA. 2011. Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science. 331(6015):296–302.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Smith CA, Roeszler KN, Ohnesorg T, Cummins DM, Farlie PG, Doran TJ, Sinclair AH. 2009. The avian Z-linked gene DMRT1 is required for male sex determination in the chicken. Nature. 461(7261):267–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ko CJ, Barr RJ. 2011. Dermatopathology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Khan SU, Kołodziej J, Li J, Zomaya AY, editors. 2013. Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tachikawa M, Hosoya K-I, Ohtsuki S, Terasaki T. 2007. A Novel Relationship Between Creatine Transport at the Blood-Brain and Blood-Retinal Barriers, Creatine Biosynthesis, And its Use for Brain and Retinal Energy Homeostasis. In: Salomons GS, Wyss M, editors. Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 83–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Ants Improve Network Design. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Information Resources: Management Improvements Essential for Key Agriculture Automated Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer JA. 2010. Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors [Doctoral dissertation]. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S, Casey N. 2016. Joy, Then Grief, Over Brazil Team. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Austin 2007; Jensen and Bork 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jensen and Bork 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

Other styles