How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gnecco E. 2009. Nanotechnology: A gentle jackhammer. Nature. 461(7261):178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper VS, Lenski RE. 2000. The population genetics of ecological specialization in evolving Escherichia coli populations. Nature. 407(6805):736–739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davis MC, Dahn RD, Shubin NH. 2007. An autopodial-like pattern of Hox expression in the fins of a basal actinopterygian fish. Nature. 447(7143):473–476.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Odkhuu D, Shin D, Ruoff RS, Park N. 2013. Conversion of multilayer graphene into continuous ultrathin sp3-bonded carbon films on metal surfaces. Sci Rep. 3:3276.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Z-G. 2016. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Mudry J, Zwahlen F, Bertrand C, LaMoreaux JW, editors. 2014. H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang Y, Guo D. 2015. System of Time-Varying Linear Equations. In: Guo D, editor. Zhang Functions and Various Models. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. The Future Of Scientific Publishing: Let’s Make Sure It’s Fair As Well As Transparent. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Air Force Aircraft: Consolidating Fighter Squadrons Could Reduce Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilday D. 2014. Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2017. A ‘Triumphant Return’ for a Church’s 17th-Century Tapestries. New York Times.:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gnecco 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper & Lenski 2000; Gnecco 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper & Lenski 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Odkhuu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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