How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haxton W. 2014. Neutrino physics: What makes the Sun shine. Nature. 512:378–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lumaret R, Ouazzani N. 2001. Plant genetics. Ancient wild olives in Mediterranean forests. Nature. 413:700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chrysostomou A, Lucas PW, Hough JH. 2007. Circular polarimetry reveals helical magnetic fields in the young stellar object HH 135-136. Nature. 450:71–73.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Buffetaut E, Suteethorn V, Cuny G, Tong H, Le Loeuff J, Khansubha S, Jongautchariyakul S. 2000. The earliest known sauropod dinosaur. Nature. 407:72–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. 2016. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Singh H. 2015. Active Cancellation of Probing in Linear Dipole Phased Array. 1st ed. 2015. Ankaiah NB, Jha RM, editors. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pardillo J, Golfarelli M, Rizzi S, Trujillo J. 2009. Visual Modelling of Data Warehousing Flows with UML Profiles. In: Pedersen TB, Mohania MK, Tjoa AM, editors. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 11th International Conference, DaWaK 2009 Linz, Austria, August 31–September 2, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2016. Second Asteroid Impact May Have Followed Dinosaur Killer 65 Million Years Ago. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Problems Resulting From Management Practices in Recruiting, Training, and Using Non-High-School Graduates and Category IV Personnel. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young WB. 2017. First-Generation Undergraduate Researchers: Engaging and Validating Cultural Wealth-Based Self-Authors [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Popper N. 2012. Muni Rates Examined For Signs Of Rigging. New York Times.:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haxton 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lumaret & Ouazzani 2001; Haxton 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lumaret & Ouazzani 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Buffetaut et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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