How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torquato S. 2000. Glass transition. Hard knock for thermodynamics. Nature. 405(6786):521, 523.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takken FLW, Tameling WIL. 2009. To nibble at plant resistance proteins. Science. 324(5928):744–746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deal RB, Henikoff JG, Henikoff S. 2010. Genome-wide kinetics of nucleosome turnover determined by metabolic labeling of histones. Science. 328(5982):1161–1164.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Tharakaraman K, Raman R, Stebbins NW, Viswanathan K, Sasisekharan V, Sasisekharan R. 2013. Antigenically intact hemagglutinin in circulating avian and swine influenza viruses and potential for H3N2 pandemic. Sci Rep. 3:1822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goria S. 2017. Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jacko JA, editor. 2007. Human-Computer Interaction. Interaction Design and Usability: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Do LLTN, Nguyen Do LLT, Axe JB, McKnight C, Ball CR, Hall JN, Noggle CA, Williams SAS, Waddell T, Odland AP, et al. 2011. 2004 Education for All Handicapped Children Act. In: Goldstein S, Naglieri JA, editors. Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Boston, MA: Springer US; p. 547–547.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. New Theory Suggests A Single Solution To The Biggest Problems In Physics. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nunn TN. 2014. A Puer–Senex Archetypal Model of the Therapeutic Relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2010. A Footnote Explains a Dispute Over Treasury’s Bailout Figures. New York Times.:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torquato 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Torquato 2000; Takken and Tameling 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takken and Tameling 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tharakaraman et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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