How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chase JM. 2010. Stochastic community assembly causes higher biodiversity in more productive environments. Science. 328(5984):1388–1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ingolia NT, Murray AW. 2002. Signal transduction. History matters. Science. 297(5583):948–949.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loh AN, Bauer JE, Druffel ERM. 2004. Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean. Nature. 430(7002):877–881.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Kiel MJ, He S, Ashkenazi R, Gentry SN, Teta M, Kushner JA, Jackson TL, Morrison SJ. 2007. Haematopoietic stem cells do not asymmetrically segregate chromosomes or retain BrdU. Nature. 449(7159):238–242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton JA. 2015. Electromagnetic Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kaczorek T. 2015. Fractional Linear Systems and Electrical Circuits. Rogowski K, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Diakite I, Chen-Charpentier BM. 2015. Effects of a Discrete Time Delay on an HIV Pandemic. In: Tost GO, Vasilieva O, editors. Analysis, Modelling, Optimization, and Numerical Techniques: ICAMI, San Andres Island, Colombia, November 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Death Match: Tarantula vs. Wasp. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heckman KA. 2010. Pedogenesis & carbon dynamics across a lithosequence under ponderosa pine [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J. 2017. Model Makes A Stand With Feminist Art. New York Times.:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chase 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ingolia and Murray 2002; Chase 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ingolia and Murray 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kiel et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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