How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani R. 2012. How women scientists fare in the Arab world. Nature. 491:9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches Z, Lockner DA. 2010. Fault weakening and earthquake instability by powder lubrication. Nature. 467:452–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsieh C-S, Kovářík J, Logan T. 2014. How central are clients in sexual networks created by commercial sex? Sci Rep. 4:7540.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Shigeta M, Ohtsuka S, Nishikawa-Torikai S, Yamane M, Fujii S, Murakami K, Niwa H. 2013. Maintenance of pluripotency in mouse ES cells without Trp53. Sci Rep. 3:2944.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker D. 2011. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Winkler F, editor. 2011. Algebraic Informatics: 4th International Conference, CAI 2011, Linz, Austria, June 21-24, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bindewald JM, Peterson GL, Miller ME. 2015. Trajectory Generation with Player Modeling. In: Barbosa D, Milios E, editors. Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 28th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2015, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, June 2-5, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 42–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. New Species of Frog Discovered. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Missouri River Navigation: Data on Commodity Shipments for Four States Served by the Missouri River and Two States Served by Both the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim T. 2017. Information-Theoretic Aspects of Signal Analysis and Reconstruction [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2013. In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times.:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dajani 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dajani 2012; Dajani 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reches & Lockner 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Shigeta et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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