How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shih WM. 2015. Materials Science. Exploiting weak interactions in DNA self-assembly. Science. 347(6229):1417–1418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bramble DM, Lieberman DE. 2004. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature. 432(7015):345–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alvarado D, Klein DE, Lemmon MA. 2009. ErbB2 resembles an autoinhibited invertebrate epidermal growth factor receptor. Nature. 461(7261):287–291.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Mahata B, Mukherjee S, Mishra S, Bandyopadhyay A, Adhya S. 2006. Functional delivery of a cytosolic tRNA into mutant mitochondria of human cells. Science. 314(5798):471–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert EJ. 2009. The Annual Campaign. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vöcking B, editor. 2013. Algorithmic Game Theory: 6th International Symposium, SAGT 2013, Aachen, Germany, October 21-23, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zivot E. 2009. Practical Issues in the Analysis of Univariate GARCH Models. In: Mikosch T, Kreiß J-P, Davis RA, Andersen TG, editors. Handbook of Financial Time Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 113–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Khoe-San People Have Gene Variant That Reduces Pregnancy Complications. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to be Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillan-Sanderson NA. 2012. A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 2016. Henry Green’s (Latest) Comeback. New York Times.:BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shih 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bramble and Lieberman 2004; Shih 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bramble and Lieberman 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mahata et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationScand. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)0282-7581
ISSN (online)1651-1891

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