How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mollenauer, Linn F. 2003. “Physics. Nonlinear Optics in Fibers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5647): 996–997.
A journal article with 2 authors
List, Benjamin, and Jung Woon Yang. 2006. “Chemistry. The Organic Approach to Asymmetric Catalysis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5793): 1584–1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Jiangchao, Susan Murray, and John J. Lipuma. 2014. “Modeling the Impact of Antibiotic Exposure on Human Microbiota.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4345.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zrenner, A., E. Beham, S. Stufler, F. Findeis, M. Bichler, and G. Abstreiter. 2002. “Coherent Properties of a Two-Level System Based on a Quantum-Dot Photodiode.” Nature 418 (6898): 612–614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossler, Fred E. 2014. Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mansour, Salah. 2013. Comprehensive and Clinical Anatomy of the Middle Ear. Edited by Jacques Magnan, Hassan Haidar, Karen Nicolas, and Stéphane Louryan. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rockstuhl, Carsten, Stephan Fahr, and Falk Lederer. 2012. “Surface Plasmon Polaritons in Metallic Nanostructures: Fundamentals and Their Application to Thin-Film Solar Cells.” In Next Generation of Photovoltaics: New Concepts, edited by Ana Belén Cristóbal López, Antonio Martí Vega, and Antonio Luque López, 131–155. Springer Series in Optical Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Environmental Protection Agency To Get Tough On Emissions From US Airliners.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Telecommunications: FCC Has Reformed the High-Cost Program, but Oversight and Management Could Be Improved. GAO-12-738. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, Heidi H. 2010. “Leadership as Co-Influencing: A Heuristic Narrative Study of Dynamic Co-Emergence within the Leadership Relationship.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, Eric, Steve Eder, and Ben Protess. 2017. “Ethical Hazards Dot the President’s Fairways.” New York Times, May 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mollenauer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mollenauer 2003; List and Yang 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (List and Yang 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zhao, Murray, and Lipuma 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zrenner et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles