How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, H. Peter. 2012. “Biochemistry. Enzymes in Coherent Motion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6066): 300–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottifredi, V., and C. Prives. 2001. “Molecular Biology. Getting P53 out of the Nucleus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5523): 1851–1852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Del Toro-De León, Gerardo, Marcelina García-Aguilar, and C. Stewart Gillmor. 2014. “Non-Equivalent Contributions of Maternal and Paternal Genomes to Early Plant Embryogenesis.” Nature 514 (7524): 624–627.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cheng, Jia-Lin, Guang Chen, Chain-Tsuan Liu, and Yi Li. 2013. “Innovative Approach to the Design of Low-Cost Zr-Based BMG Composites with Good Glass Formation.” Scientific Reports 3: 2097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, Charles W. 2016. Next Generation Demand Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Emigh, Rebecca Jean. 2016. Antecedents of Censuses from Medieval to Nation States: How Societies and States Count. Edited by Dylan Riley and Patricia Ahmed. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Barzilay, Eran, and Gideon Koren. 2016. “Elements of Teratology.” In First-Trimester Ultrasound: A Comprehensive Guide, edited by Jacques S. Abramowicz, 77–89. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “300-Year-Old Eclipse Wind Mystery Finally Explained.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Digital Television Transition: Issues Related to an Information Campaign Regarding the Transition. GAO-05-940R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
France, Kharod A. 2015. “Triadic Supervision: An Exploration of Supervisors’ Perceptions, Experiences and Practices.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Weapons Found Near Vnukovo Airport.” New York Times, June 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lu 2012; Gottifredi and Prives 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottifredi and Prives 2001)
  • Three authors: (Del Toro-De León, García-Aguilar, and Gillmor 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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