How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster, Kevin R. 2005. “Biomedicine. Hamiltonian Medicine: Why the Social Lives of Pathogens Matter.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5726): 1269–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, Fernando J., and Robert M. Waymouth. 2002. “Polymer Synthesis. Catalysts Rise to the Challenge.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5555): 635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yohe, Gary, Natasha Andronova, and Michael Schlesinger. 2004. “Climate. To Hedge or Not against an Uncertain Climate Future?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5695): 416–417.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Elden, Andrew C., Hyung-Jun Kim, Michael P. Hart, Alice S. Chen-Plotkin, Brian S. Johnson, Xiaodong Fang, Maria Armakola, et al. 2010. “Ataxin-2 Intermediate-Length Polyglutamine Expansions Are Associated with Increased Risk for ALS.” Nature 466 (7310): 1069–1075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne, Paul. 2017. World Religions in Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chatterjee, Arnab, Sudhakar Yarlagadda, and Bikas K. Chakrabarti, eds. 2005. Econophysics of Wealth Distributions: Econophys-Kolkata I. New Economic Windows. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McParland, Caroline E., and Cynthia A. Paszkowski. 2006. “Effects of Small-Bodied Fish on Invertebrate Prey and Foraging Patterns of Waterbirds in Aspen Parkland Wetlands.” In Limnology and Aquatic Birds: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference Working Group on Aquatic Birds of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada, August 3–7, 2003, edited by Alan R. Hanson and Joseph J. Kerekes, 43–55. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Galaxy Cluster 9.9 Billion Light Years Away Confirmed.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. School Meal Programs: Experiences of the States and Districts That Eliminated Reduced-Price Fees. GAO-09-584. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutherland, Claire Euline. 2013. “Positive Deviance during Organization Change: Researchers’ Social Construction of Expanded University Goals.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 1999. “What Did You Expect, the Spanish Inquisition?” New York Times, July 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foster 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Foster 2005; Gómez and Waymouth 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gómez and Waymouth 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yohe, Andronova, and Schlesinger 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Elden et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles