How to format your references using the Climate of the Past citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate of the Past. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Swinderen, B.: Attention-like processes in Drosophila require short-term memory genes, Science, 315(5818), 1590–1593, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Erwin, D. H. and Krakauer, D. C.: Evolution. Insights into innovation, Science, 304(5674), 1117–1119, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lederer, W. J., Hagen, B. M. and Zhao, G.: Cell biology. Superresolution subspace signaling, Science, 336(6081), 546–547, 2012.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Harrison, T. M., Blichert-Toft, J., Müller, W., Albarede, F., Holden, P. and Mojzsis, S. J.: Heterogeneous Hadean hafnium: evidence of continental crust at 4.4 to 4.5 ga, Science, 310(5756), 1947–1950, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conrick, C., IV and Hanson, S.: Vertical Option Spreads, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2013.
An edited book
Ogawa, N. and Shah, I. H., Eds.: Low Fertility and Reproductive Health in East Asia, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Premo, L. S.: Mobility and Cultural Diversity in Central-Place Foragers: Implications for the Emergence of Modern Human Behavior, in Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic, edited by A. Mesoudi and K. Aoki, pp. 45–65, Springer Japan, Tokyo., 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate of the Past.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Jaguars May Have Evolved To Hunt Particularly Dangerous Prey, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, S.: Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and its Chimeras with Orai1, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL., 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Many Feet Shall Be Shod, New York Times, 22nd April, E5, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Swinderen, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Erwin and Krakauer, 2004; van Swinderen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Erwin and Krakauer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Harrison et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate of the Past
AbbreviationClim. Past
ISSN (print)1814-9324
ISSN (online)1814-9332
Global and Planetary Change

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