How to format your references using the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mesirov, J.P., 2010. Computer science. Accessible reproducible research. Science 327, 415–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, J., Broecker, W.S., 2010. Comment on “Deep-sea temperature and ice volume changes across the Pliocene-Pleistocene climate transitions.” Science 328, 1480; author reply 1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aharonian, F.A., Bogovalov, S.V., Khangulyan, D., 2012. Abrupt acceleration of a “cold” ultrarelativistic wind from the Crab pulsar. Nature 482, 507–509.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petukhova, L., Duvic, M., Hordinsky, M., Norris, D., Price, V., Shimomura, Y., Kim, H., Singh, P., Lee, A., Chen, W.V., Meyer, K.C., Paus, R., Jahoda, C.A.B., Amos, C.I., Gregersen, P.K., Christiano, A.M., 2010. Genome-wide association study in alopecia areata implicates both innate and adaptive immunity. Nature 466, 113–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu, Q.A., Madden, T.L., 2011. Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Impagliazzo, J., Järvi, T., Paju, P. (Eds.), 2009. History of Nordic Computing 2: Second IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC2, Turku, Finland, August 21-23, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaudioso, V., 2010. Timed Storyboards: Creating a Newton Cradle Application, in: Brown, T., Renow-Clarke, B., Collins, C., Andres, C., Anglin, S., Beckner, M., Buckingham, E., Cornell, G., Gennick, J., Hassell, J., Lowman, M., Moodie, M., Parkes, D., Pepper, J., Pohlmann, F., Pundick, D., Shakeshaft, D., Wade, M., Welsh, T. (Eds.), Foundation Expression Blend 4 with Silverlight. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 95–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientist Turns To Crowd-Funding To Continue Research [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Student Loans: Characteristics of Students and Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (No. HEHS-98-90). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga, C.B., 2012. Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Rising Saudi Prince, 31, Advances to One Step From the Throne. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mesirov, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mesirov, 2010; Yu and Broecker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu and Broecker, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Petukhova et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationSaudi J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1319-562X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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