How to format your references using the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beutler, B., 2004. Inferences, questions and possibilities in Toll-like receptor signalling. Nature 430, 257–263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen, R., Jobling, S., 2012. Environmental science: The hidden costs of flexible fertility. Nature 485, 441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam, J.-M., Thaxton, C.S., Mirkin, C.A., 2003. Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins. Science 301, 1884–1886.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Niederländer, C., Walsh, J.J., Episkopou, V., Jones, C.M., 2001. Arkadia enhances nodal-related signalling to induce mesendoderm. Nature 410, 830–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R.L., 2002. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rosado, J.A. (Ed.), 2016. Calcium Entry Pathways in Non-excitable Cells, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gauravaram, P., Knudsen, L.R., 2009. On Randomizing Hash Functions to Strengthen the Security of Digital Signatures, in: Joux, A. (Ed.), Advances in Cryptology - EUROCRYPT 2009: 28th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Cologne, Germany, April 26-30, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 88–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Skin Cells Seen “Walking” Towards Wounds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Charges for Launch Support Services Furnished by the Air Force to the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat) (No. B-168707). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M., 2013. Creating community in a dual immersion program: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2008. Home-Style Colombian. New York Times 14NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beutler, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Beutler, 2004; Owen and Jobling, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Owen and Jobling, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Niederländer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationSaudi J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1319-562X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles