How to format your references using the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McSwain, M.V., 2014. Astrophysics: Black hole found orbiting a fast rotator. Nature 505, 296–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wordsworth, R., Pierrehumbert, R., 2013. Hydrogen-nitrogen greenhouse warming in Earth’s early atmosphere. Science 339, 64–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matzke, M., Matzke, A.J., Kooter, J.M., 2001. RNA: guiding gene silencing. Science 293, 1080–1083.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Varón, M., Beleggia, M., Kasama, T., Harrison, R.J., Dunin-Borkowski, R.E., Puntes, V.F., Frandsen, C., 2013. Dipolar magnetism in ordered and disordered low-dimensional nanoparticle assemblies. Sci. Rep. 3, 1234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, T., 2013. Low Impact Building. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Castro Solano, A. (Ed.), 2014. Positive Psychology in Latin America, Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Montijano, E., Sagüés, C., 2015. D-RANSAC: Distributed Robust Consensus, in: Sagüés, C. (Ed.), Distributed Consensus with Visual Perception in Multi-Robot Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Hands On With Bloodhound: The 1,000 mph Car That Will Smash The Land Speed Record [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. The Process for Identifying Needs and Establishing Requirements (No. 092321). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, R.E., 2010. Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitfield, J., 2017. The Lingering Stench of Torture. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McSwain, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McSwain, 2014; Wordsworth and Pierrehumbert, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wordsworth and Pierrehumbert, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Varón et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationSaudi J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1319-562X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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