How to format your references using the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, S.H., 2001. What is “dangerous” climate change? Nature 411, 17–19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Namouni, F., Porco, C., 2002. The confinement of Neptune’s ring arcs by the moon Galatea. Nature 417, 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berné, O., Marcelino, N., Cernicharo, J., 2010. Waves on the surface of the Orion molecular cloud. Nature 466, 947–949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, H., Luo, G., Karnchanaphanurach, P., Louie, T.-M., Rech, I., Cova, S., Xun, L., Xie, X.S., 2003. Protein conformational dynamics probed by single-molecule electron transfer. Science 302, 262–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, M.J., 2015. The Mission-Driven Venture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, D., Chen, Y. (Eds.), 2013. Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI: 6th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2012, Zhangjiajie, China, October 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aloia, J., Shieh, A., 2013. Intestinal Calcium Absorption Efficiency in Women and the Influence of Menopause, in: Hollins Martin, C.J., Watson, R.R., Preedy, V.R. (Eds.), Nutrition and Diet in Menopause. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Dog Born Without Front Limbs Given 3D Printed Legs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Survey of Pricing on NASA Contract (No. 912452). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens, B.E., 2009. Perceptions of the applicability of transformational leadership behavior to the leader role of academic department chairs: A study of selected universities in Virginia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. A Shoe With Meow. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Namouni and Porco, 2002; Schneider, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Namouni and Porco, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationSaudi J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1319-562X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles