How to format your references using the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crowder, C.M., 2009. Cell biology. Ceramides--friend or foe in hypoxia? Science 324, 343–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Habibi, M.K., Lu, Y., 2014. Crack propagation in bamboo’s hierarchical cellular structure. Sci. Rep. 4, 5598.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsic, A., Grover, G., Piestun, R., 2014. Three-dimensional super-resolution and localization of dense clusters of single molecules. Sci. Rep. 4, 5388.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wehrens, X.H.T., Lehnart, S.E., Reiken, S.R., Deng, S.-X., Vest, J.A., Cervantes, D., Coromilas, J., Landry, D.W., Marks, A.R., 2004. Protection from cardiac arrhythmia through ryanodine receptor-stabilizing protein calstabin2. Science 304, 292–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey, E., 2011. Neonatal Formulary 6. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hatcliff, J., Zucca, E. (Eds.), 2010. Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 12th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2010 and 30th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Komar, A., Dvorak, J., 2011. Theoretical Issues of Food Chain Security and Case Studies in the Czech Army, in: Alpas, H., Berkowicz, S.M., Ermakova, I. (Eds.), Environmental Security and Ecoterrorism, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Early Results of Human Trials For Anti-Aging Drug Are Promising [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain (No. NSIAD-90-142). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L.G., 2012. Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Dodgers, Mindful of Last Year’s Failure, Start Quickly Against Cubs. New York Times SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moller, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Messersmith, 2010; Peters, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Habibi and Lu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vaniman et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationSaudi J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1319-562X
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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