How to format your references using the Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Gee, Developmental biology: a brainy background, Nature. 483 (2012) 280.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Elsner, B. Abel, Ultrafast high-resolution mass spectrometric finger pore imaging in latent finger prints, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6905.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Idzko, D. Ferrari, H.K. Eltzschig, Nucleotide signalling during inflammation, Nature. 509 (2014) 310–317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Reyes-Garcia, R. Godoy, V. Vadez, L. Apaza, E. Byron, T. Huanca, W.R. Leonard, E. Pérez, D. Wilkie, Ethnobotanical knowledge shared widely among Tsimane’ Amerindians, Bolivia, Science. 299 (2003) 1707.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.R. Dean, Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
D. Naccache, ed., Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications: Essays Dedicated to Jean-Jacques Quisquater on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Rensink, E. Zambon, Pattern-Based Graph Abstraction, in: H. Ehrig, G. Engels, H.-J. Kreowski, G. Rozenberg (Eds.), Graph Transformations: 6th International Conference, ICGT 2012, Bremen, Germany, September 24-29, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 66–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
J. Fang, 13,000-Year-Old Nanodiamonds Found On Three Continents, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Doss, Trapped within the white gaze: A DuBoisian approach to understanding the existential burden of being a black man in America, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Allen, P. Goldman, Little Restored Schoolhouse, New York Times. (2009) A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nonnewton. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0377-0257
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles