How to format your references using the Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N.J. Butterfield, Paleontology. Terminal developments in Ediacaran embryology, Science. 334 (2011) 1655–1656.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Allenby, J. Fink, Toward inherently secure and resilient societies, Science. 309 (2005) 1034–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhao, Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.H. Chen, E. Costan, M.A. van Huis, Q. Xu, H.W. Zandbergen, Atomic pillar-based nanoprecipitates strengthen AlMgSi alloys, Science. 312 (2006) 416–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Blundell, R. Harrison, B. Turney, The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
O. Hardiman, C.P. Doherty, eds., Neurodegenerative Disorders: A Clinical Guide, Springer, London, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J.C. Carey, The Importance of Case Reports in Advancing Scientific Knowledge of Rare Diseases, in: M. Posada de la Paz, S.C. Groft (Eds.), Rare Diseases Epidemiology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 77–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, One Third Of Humanity Can’t See The Milky Way In The Night Sky, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airline Competition: Issues Raised by Consolidation Proposals, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.K. Gada, Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, H. Saad, Thousands Evacuated From Besieged Syrian Towns, New York Times. (2017) A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nonnewton. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0377-0257
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles