How to format your references using the Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
S.A. Benner, Synthetic biology: Act natural, Nature. 421 (2003) 118.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
E.J. Nestler, D. Landsman, Learning about addiction from the genome, Nature. 409 (2001) 834–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
S.M. Hanash, S.J. Pitteri, V.M. Faca, Mining the plasma proteome for cancer biomarkers, Nature. 452 (2008) 571–579.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
D. George, W. Lehrach, K. Kansky, M. Lázaro-Gredilla, C. Laan, B. Marthi, X. Lou, Z. Meng, Y. Liu, H. Wang, A. Lavin, D.S. Phoenix, A generative vision model that trains with high data efficiency and breaks text-based CAPTCHAs, Science. 358 (2017).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG, MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
[1]
D.B. Chirila, Introduction to Modern Fortran for the Earth System Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
C.S. Lee, C.K. Chui, C. Guan, P.W. Eu, B.L. Tan, J.J.-Y. Leong, Integrating EEG Modality in Serious Games for Rehabilitation of Mental Patients, in: Y. Cai, S.L. Goei (Eds.), Simulations, Serious Games and Their Applications, Springer, Singapore, 2014: pp. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics.

Blog post
[1]
R. Andrews, This Pain-Riddled Duck-Billed Dinosaur Suffered From Severe Arthritis 70 Million Years Ago, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/painriddled-duckbilled-dinosaur-suffered-severe-arthritis-70-million-years-ago/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, NASA Procurement: Agencywide Action Needed to Improve Management of Contract Modifications, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M. Galan, Educational practices to support homeless students, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M. Tomasky, A Bad Deal for Democrats, New York Times. (2017) A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
AbbreviationJ. Nonnewton. Fluid Mech.
ISSN (print)0377-0257
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
General Materials Science
Applied Mathematics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles