How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V., 2008. Building up to an HIV vaccines. Nature 456, 418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Didenko, Y.T., Suslick, K.S., 2002. The energy efficiency of formation of photons, radicals and ions during single-bubble cavitation. Nature 418, 394–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luhmann, H.J., Kirischuk, S., Kilb, W., 2014. Comment on “Local impermeant anions establish the neuronal chloride concentration.” Science 345, 1130.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Legname, G., Baskakov, I.V., Nguyen, H.-O.B., Riesner, D., Cohen, F.E., DeArmond, S.J., Prusiner, S.B., 2004. Synthetic mammalian prions. Science 305, 673–676.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, A.E., 2011. Immunology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pan, M., 2015. Spectrum Trading in Multi-Hop Cognitive Radio Networks, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdessameud, A., Tayebi, A., 2013. Position Tracking for VTOL UAVs, in: Tayebi, A. (Ed.), Motion Coordination for VTOL Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Attitude Synchronisation and Formation Control, Advances in Industrial Control. Springer, London, pp. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Teenager Develops Test That Can Diagnose Alzheimer’s Before Symptoms [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Technology Development: New DOD Space Science and Technology Strategy Provides Basis for Optimizing Investments, but Future Versions Need to Be More Robust (No. GAO-05-155). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C.J., 2012. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. Exxon’s Forecasts, Not Past Views, Are at Core of Climate Investigation. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoelzel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Arthur, 2002; Bernstein, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Didenko and Suslick, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (McQuaid et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationArab. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)1878-5352
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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