How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colquhoun, D., 2007. Science degrees without the science. Nature 446, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nanus, D.M., Giannakakou, P., 2015. CANCER. Cancer therapies that are gone with the Wnt. Science 349, 1283–1284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dangl, J.L., Horvath, D.M., Staskawicz, B.J., 2013. Pivoting the plant immune system from dissection to deployment. Science 341, 746–751.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Niemi, M.E.K., Martin, H.C., Rice, D.L., Gallone, G., Gordon, S., Kelemen, M., McAloney, K., McRae, J., Radford, E.J., Yu, S., Gecz, J., Martin, N.G., Wright, C.F., Fitzpatrick, D.R., Firth, H.V., Hurles, M.E., Barrett, J.C., 2018. Common genetic variants contribute to risk of rare severe neurodevelopmental disorders. Nature 562, 268–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink, M., 2005. Scalable Video on Demand. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Fiengo, G., 2013. Common Rail System for GDI Engines: Modelling, Identification, and Control, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma, V.K., He, C., Doong, R.-A., Dionysiou, D.D., 2013. Water Depollution Using Ferrites Photocatalysts, in: Lichtfouse, E., Schwarzbauer, J., Robert, D. (Eds.), Green Materials for Energy, Products and Depollution, Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 135–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. New York Gives Go Ahead To Build Largest Offshore Wind Farm In The US [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Analysis of NASA’s Fiscal Year 1983 Budget Request for Research and Development To Determine the Amount That Supports DOD’s Programs (No. MASAD-82-33). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L.J., 2013. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Warm Feelings on Bleecker Street For a Rough-and-Tumble Life. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colquhoun, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Colquhoun, 2007; Nanus and Giannakakou, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nanus and Giannakakou, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Niemi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationArab. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)1878-5352
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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