How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rine, J., 2005. Cell biology. Twists in the tale of the aging yeast. Science 310, 1124–1125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottfried, K., Salpeter, E.E., 2005. Obituary: Hans A. Bethe (1906-2005). Nature 434, 970–971.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer, V., Wellbrock, C., Marais, R., 2007. Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy. Nature 445, 851–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, K., Titchener, J.G., Kruk, S.S., Xu, L., Chung, H.-P., Parry, M., Kravchenko, I.I., Chen, Y.-H., Solntsev, A.S., Kivshar, Y.S., Neshev, D.N., Sukhorukov, A.A., 2018. Quantum metasurface for multiphoton interference and state reconstruction. Science 361, 1104–1108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, B.S., 2005. Axiomatic Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shiffman, M.A., Di Giuseppe, A. (Eds.), 2013. Advanced Aesthetic Rhinoplasty: Art, Science, and New Clinical Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
van Grembergen, W., de Haes, S., 2009. COBIT as a Framework for Enterprise Governance of IT, in: Van Grembergen, W. (Ed.), Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Strategic Alignment and Value. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 137–164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Man Dies Swimming In The Ocean After Ignoring Post-Tattoo Advice [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Mass Transit: FTA’s Progress in Developing and Implementing a New Starts Evaluation Process (No. RCED-99-113). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strickland, K.C., 2012. A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. No Headline. New York Times 126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rine, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gottfried and Salpeter, 2005; Rine, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottfried and Salpeter, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationArab. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)1878-5352
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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