How to format your references using the Sanidad Militar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sanidad Militar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ezawa M. High spin-Chern insulators with magnetic order. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 6;3:3435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prado MTP, Cepeda-Jiménez CM. Materials science: Strength ceiling smashed for light metals. Nature. 2015 Dec 24;528(7583):486–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg ME, Balch DP, Roy K. Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science. 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1707–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saito F, Hirayasu K, Satoh T, Wang CW, Lusingu J, Arimori T, et al. Immune evasion of Plasmodium falciparum by RIFIN via inhibitory receptors. Nature. 2017 Dec 7;552(7683):101–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheinfeld R. Busting Loose from the Business Game. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Asleson R. Foundations of Ajax. Schutta NT, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2006. 296 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gallo JL, Chasco C. Spatial analysis of urban growth in Spain, 1900–2001. In: Arbia G, Baltagi BH, editors. Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Applications. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009. p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sanidad Militar.

Blog post
Hamilton K. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Explained: Why A Reboot Is The Go-To Computer Fix. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Project Status Reports: Congressional Requirements Can Be Met, but Reliability Must Be Ensured. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-90-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osterhout HL. No More “Mad Money”: Salvaging the Commander’s Emergency Response Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS. Top Banker Denies Role In Trump Moscow Plan. New York Times. 2017 Oct 13;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleSanidad Militar
ISSN (print)1887-8571

Other styles