How to format your references using the Sanidad Militar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sanidad Militar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leroy A. Astrophysics: Glimpse into a primitive stellar nursery. Nature. 2015 Sep 10;525(7568):195–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyerly AD, Faden RR. Embryonic stem cells. Willingness to donate frozen embryos for stem cell research. Science. 2007 Jul 6;317(5834):46–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abe E, Pennycook SJ, Tsai AP. Direct observation of a local thermal vibration anomaly in a quasicrystal. Nature. 2003 Jan 23;421(6921):347–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rodrigo-Navarro A, Rico P, Saadeddin A, Garcia AJ, Salmeron-Sanchez M. Living biointerfaces based on non-pathogenic bacteria to direct cell differentiation. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 28;4:5849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Melville A. Political Atlas of the Modern World. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Sidorenko A, editor. Fundamentals of Superconducting Nanoelectronics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XVIII, 326 p. (NanoScience and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Poveda RL, Gupta N. Thermal Expansion of CNF/Polymer Composites. In: Gupta N, editor. Carbon Nanofiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–62. (SpringerBriefs in Materials).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sanidad Militar.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Could Wormholes Give Us The Long-Sought Theory Of Quantum Gravity? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Process Reengineering Assessment Guide--Version 3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: AIMD-10.1.15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung EK. The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Decision Is Annulled, Exonerating Officials. New York Times. 2014 Apr 18;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleSanidad Militar
ISSN (print)1887-8571

Other styles