How to format your references using the Sanidad Militar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sanidad Militar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer P. Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature. 2014 Sep 25;513(7519):492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ceci S, Williams WM. Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? YES: The scientific truth must be pursued. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):788–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe H, Nebel CE, Shikata S. Isotopic homojunction band engineering from diamond. Science. 2009 Jun 12;324(5933):1425–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jin H, Sperka T, Herrlich P, Morrison H. Tumorigenic transformation by CPI-17 through inhibition of a merlin phosphatase. Nature. 2006 Aug 3;442(7102):576–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail AA, Al-Dossary SA, Mousa WA. Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Torre Toledano D, Ortega Giménez A, Teixeira A, González Rodríguez J, Hernández Gómez L, San Segundo Hernández R, et al., editors. Advances in Speech and Language Technologies for Iberian Languages: IberSPEECH 2012 Conference, Madrid, Spain, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIV, 288 p. 66 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 328).
A chapter in an edited book
Webster RG, Webby RJ, Perdue M. The Origin and Evolution of H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Viruses. In: Rappuoli R, Del Giudice G, editors. Influenza Vaccines for the Future. Basel: Springer; 2011. p. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sanidad Militar.

Blog post
Davis J. Does Kissing Really Create A Greater Risk Of Developing Mouth Cancer Than Smoking? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jan. Report No.: GAO-01-258.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hwang YJ. Three Essays on Economics and Risk Perception [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Theater; Jazzy Structure, Defying Genre. New York Times. 2016 Nov 9;AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleSanidad Militar
ISSN (print)1887-8571

Other styles