How to format your references using the Journal of Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern, M. (2010). Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1609–1610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dynek, J. N., & Smith, S. (2004). Resolution of sister telomere association is required for progression through mitosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Tong, C., & Jiang, J. (2007). Hedgehog regulates smoothened activity by inducing a conformational switch. Nature, 450(7167), 252–258.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shigenobu, S., Watanabe, H., Hattori, M., Sakaki, Y., & Ishikawa, H. (2000). Genome sequence of the endocellular bacterial symbiont of aphids Buchnera sp. APS. Nature, 407(6800), 81–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bayuk, J. L., Healey, J., Rohmeyer, P., Sachs, M. H., Schmidt, J., & Weiss, J. (2012). Cyber Security Policy Guidebook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fekete, S. P. (Ed.). (2008). Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: Fourth International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 2008. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5389). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Poppe, R., van Delden, R., Moreno, A., & Reidsma, D. (2014). Interactive Playgrounds for Children. In A. Nijholt (Ed.), Playful User Interfaces: Interfaces that Invite Social and Physical Interaction (pp. 99–118). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vision.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 23). Veritasium Ventures To Some Of The Most Radioactive Places on Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). A Summary of the Legislative Provisions of the Block Grants Created by the 1981 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (IPE-83-2). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tofthagen, C. S. (2008). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Assessment Tool [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, July 27). The Latest Word From Al Gore on Climate Change. New York Times, C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgenstern, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Dynek & Smith, 2004; Morgenstern, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dynek & Smith, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shigenobu et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vision
AbbreviationJ. Vis.
ISSN (online)1534-7362
Sensory Systems

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