How to format your references using the Journal of Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eicken, H. (2013). Arctic sea ice needs better forecasts. Nature, 497(7450), 431–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Call, J., & Carpenter, M. (2009). Behavior. Monkeys like mimics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 824–825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froese, T., Iizuka, H., & Ikegami, T. (2014). Embodied social interaction constitutes social cognition in pairs of humans: a minimalist virtual reality experiment. Scientific Reports, 4, 3672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Artsimovitch, I., Chu, C., Lynch, A. S., & Landick, R. (2003). A new class of bacterial RNA polymerase inhibitor affects nucleotide addition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 650–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eichhorn, M. P. (2016). Natural Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Duran, M., Höft, M., Medjahed, B., Lawson, D. B., & Orady, E. A. (Eds.). (2016). STEM Learning: IT Integration and Collaborative Strategies. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gates, A., & Higgs, J. (2013). Realising Wise Practitioners. In J. Higgs, D. Sheehan, J. B. Currens, W. Letts, & G. M. Jensen (Eds.), Realising Exemplary Practice-Based Education (pp. 43–56). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vision.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 5). Snow Features On Pluto Are Similar To Some We Find On Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program (GAO-11-737R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iwuagwu, C. I. (2017). Preventing the Spread of HIV Among Homeless Youth in California [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, January 11). Rights of Unions and Nonmembers Vie at Court. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eicken, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Call & Carpenter, 2009; Eicken, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Call & Carpenter, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Froese et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Artsimovitch et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vision
AbbreviationJ. Vis.
ISSN (online)1534-7362
Sensory Systems

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