How to format your references using the Journal of Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K. (2013). Drugs: Blood battles. Nature, 493(7434), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sekiya, S., & Suzuki, A. (2011). Direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to hepatocyte-like cells by defined factors. Nature, 475(7356), 390–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katsanis, S. H., Javitt, G., & Hudson, K. (2008). Public health. A case study of personalized medicine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 53–54.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, J.-H., Kushner, S. A., Yiu, A. P., Hsiang, H.-L. L., Buch, T., Waisman, A., Bontempi, B., Neve, R. L., Frankland, P. W., & Josselyn, S. A. (2009). Selective erasure of a fear memory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1492–1496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, V., Julius, K., & Nikulin, M. S. (2011). Non-parametric Tests for Complete Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Àlvarez, C., & Serna, M. (Eds.). (2006). Experimental Algorithms: 5th International Workshop, WEA 2006, Cala Galdana, Menorca, Spain, May 24-27, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4007). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Akkermans, B. (2014). Property Law. In J. Hage & B. Akkermans (Eds.), Introduction to Law (pp. 71–99). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vision.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 15). Endangered Ferrets Born From Insemination With 20-Year-Old Semen. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear (GAO-12-75). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahib, S. S. (2010). Numerical solutions of Maxwell’s equations in 1D, 2D, and 3D via the finite element method [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016, December 23). The Listings: Film Series. New York Times, C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gammon, 2013; Sekiya & Suzuki, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sekiya & Suzuki, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Katsanis et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vision
AbbreviationJ. Vis.
ISSN (online)1534-7362
Sensory Systems

Other styles