How to format your references using the Journal of Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orhon, D. (2014). Istanbul canal needs environmental study. Nature, 513(7519), 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, L., & Doudna, J. A. (2002). Structural insights into group II intron catalysis and branch-site selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2084–2088.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., Martini, J. E., & Ohmoto, H. (2000). Geochemical evidence for terrestrial ecosystems 2.6 billion years ago. Nature, 408(6812), 574–578.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Alleman, M., Sidorenko, L., McGinnis, K., Seshadri, V., Dorweiler, J. E., White, J., … Chandler, V. L. (2006). An RNA-dependent RNA polymerase is required for paramutation in maize. Nature, 442(7100), 295–298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glaser, R. (2015). Symmetry, Spectroscopy, and Crystallography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Perner, P. (Ed.). (2016). Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 12th International Conference, MLDM 2016, New York, NY, USA, July 16-21, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 9729). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nouvian, R., Eybalin, M., & Puel, J.-L. (2012). The Cochlea and the Auditory Nerve as a Primary Source of Tinnitus. In J. J. Eggermont, F.-G. Zeng, A. N. Popper, & R. R. Fay (Eds.), Tinnitus (pp. 83–95). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vision.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 30). Astronomers Measure Exoplanet’s Day For The First Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study (No. T-RCED-92-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paredes, J. (2017). Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kristof, N. D. (2011, January 27). Tussling Over Jesus. New York Times, p. A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orhon, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Orhon, 2014; Zhang & Doudna, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Doudna, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Watanabe, Martini, & Ohmoto, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Alleman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vision
AbbreviationJ. Vis.
ISSN (online)1534-7362
Sensory Systems

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