How to format your references using the Journal of Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houston, S. D. (2006). Anthropology. An example of Preclassic Mayan writing? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5765), 1249–1250.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siliciano, J. D., & Siliciano, R. F. (2014). AIDS/HIV. Rekindled HIV infection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 1005–1006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shapiro, J. H., Venkatraman, D., & Wong, F. N. C. (2013). Ghost imaging without discord. Scientific Reports, 3, 1849.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Szakonyi, G., Guthridge, J. M., Li, D., Young, K., Holers, V. M., & Chen, X. S. (2001). Structure of complement receptor 2 in complex with its C3d ligand. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1725–1728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noldus, R. (2006). CAMEL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Skof, F. (Ed.). (2011). Giuseppe Peano between Mathematics and Logic: Proceeding of the International Conference in honour of Giuseppe Peano on the 150th anniversary of his birth and the centennial of the Formulario Mathematico, Turin (Italy), October 2–3,2008. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaviani, S., Tellambura, C., & Krzymień, W. A. (2007). On the Performance of Transmit Antenna Selection with OSTBC in Ricean MIMO Channels. In S. Pupolin (Ed.), Wireless Communications 2007 CNIT Thyrrenian Symposium (pp. 39–50). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vision.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 7). T.Rex’s Relative Was The “King of Gore.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Selected Contracts, Purchase Orders, and Grants Awarded to Indian Tribes and Organizations During Fiscal Year 1971 (B-114868). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belletti, A. (2017). Trumpet Practice: Habits and Goals [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, May 2). Debate on Pulling Back From Paris Climate Deal Could Turn on a Single Phrase. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Houston, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Houston, 2006; Siliciano & Siliciano, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siliciano & Siliciano, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Shapiro et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Szakonyi et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vision
AbbreviationJ. Vis.
ISSN (online)1534-7362
Sensory Systems

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