How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grant P M 2000 Superconductivity. Currents without borders Nature 407 139–41
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher H S and Hoekstra H E 2010 Competition drives cooperation among closely related sperm of deer mice Nature 463 801–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Truog R D, Kesselheim A S and Joffe S 2012 Research ethics. Paying patients for their tissue: the legacy of Henrietta Lacks Science 337 37–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Murchison E P, Tovar C, Hsu A, Bender H S, Kheradpour P, Rebbeck C A, Obendorf D, Conlan C, Bahlo M, Blizzard C A, Pyecroft S, Kreiss A, Kellis M, Stark A, Harkins T T, Marshall Graves J A, Woods G M, Hannon G J and Papenfuss A T 2010 The Tasmanian devil transcriptome reveals Schwann cell origins of a clonally transmissible cancer Science 327 84–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li H-X and Lu X 2014 System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
McGrath S J and Carew J 2016 Rethinking German Idealism (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao X, Hwang B-G and Low S P 2015 Theories of Organizational Behavior Enterprise Risk Management in International Construction Operations ed B-G Hwang and S P Low (Singapore: Springer) pp 85–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 How Did Supermassive Black Holes Form So Quickly In The Universe? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 NASA Procurement: Contract and Management Improvements at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bardhoshi G 2012 The Relationship Between Assignment of Non-Counseling Duties and Burnout Among Professional School Counselors Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B 2017 Trump Picks an Overseer of Derivatives Trading New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

Other styles