How to format your references using the IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldin D S 2000 Contributions to the u.s. Space program Science 288 2131c
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson S H and Shirey S B 2008 Continental mantle signature of Bushveld magmas and coeval diamonds Nature 453 910–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Grandison R C, Piper M D W and Partridge L 2009 Amino-acid imbalance explains extension of lifespan by dietary restriction in Drosophila Nature 462 1061–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Avvakumov G V, Walker J R, Xue S, Li Y, Duan S, Bronner C, Arrowsmith C H and Dhe-Paganon S 2008 Structural basis for recognition of hemi-methylated DNA by the SRA domain of human UHRF1 Nature 455 822–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass D B and Band E I 2012 Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Fekete S P 2008 Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: Fourth International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2008, Reykjavik, Iceland, July 2008. Revised Selected Papers vol 5389 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Brown M and Heaton S 2015 Ko Ahau Te Awa Ko Te Awa Ko Ahau – I Am the River, and the River is me Experiencing the Outdoors: Enhancing Strategies for Wellbeing ed M Robertson, R Lawrence and G Heath (Rotterdam: SensePublishers) pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Controversial Study Created Airborne Virus Similar To 1918 Pandemic Influenza Virus IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1978 Assessment of Testing Vertical Line Array Difar Sonobuoy AN/SS2-77 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs A D 2010 The role of desmin in the signaling response to mechanical stretch of skeletal muscle Doctoral dissertation (La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart M K 2010 Perla Farias and David Portugal Jr New York Times ST9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
AbbreviationIOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1757-8981
ISSN (online)1757-899X

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