How to format your references using the Safety and Health at Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety and Health at Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gies H. Chemistry. Charge flipping and beyond. Science 2007;315:1087–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liang BA, Mackey T. Health care policy. Reforming off-label promotion to enhance orphan disease treatment. Science 2010;327:273–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shi F, Li J, Wilson RJS. A tree-ring reconstruction of the South Asian summer monsoon index over the past millennium. Sci Rep 2014;4:6739.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chin C, Bartenstein M, Altmeyer A, Riedl S, Jochim S, Denschlag JH, et al. Observation of the pairing gap in a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Science 2004;305:1128–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Markley NG. Principles of Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Badonnel R, Koch R, Pras A, Drašar M, Stiller B, editors. Management and Security in the Age of Hyperconnectivity: 10th IFIP WG 6.6 International Conference on Autonomous Infrastructure, Management, and Security, AIMS 2016, Munich, Germany, June 20-23, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9701. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gidal BE, Messinger MM, Noe K, Harden CL. Contraception Choice in Adolescence. In: Sazgar M, Harden CL, editors. Controversies in Caring for Women with Epilepsy: Sorting Through the Evidence, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety and Health at Work.

Blog post
Andrew E. Drinking Coffee Could Help Protect Your DNA From Damage. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Connecticut’s Eligibility System: Improving System Availability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brient R. Performance considerations for Philippe Gaubert’s “Madrigal.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley S. Tally of Suspect Accounts at Wells Fargo Grows by 1.4 Million. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety and Health at Work
AbbreviationSaf. Health Work
ISSN (print)2093-7911
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles