How to format your references using the Safety and Health at Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety and Health at Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun J. Journal club. A geoscientist ponders possible links between erosion and Earth’s climate. Nature 2010;466:299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang Y, Sontheimer EJ. Structural biology. Cascading into focus. Science 2014;345:1452–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoch JC, Maciejewski MW, Gryk MR. Comment on “magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain.” Science 2008;321:640.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang H, Ye J, Hu P, Wei F, Du K, Wang N, et al. Fluorination of metal phthalocyanines: single-crystal growth, efficient N-channel organic field-effect transistors, and structure-property relationships. Sci Rep 2014;4:7573.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies J. Implementing SSL/TLS Using Cryptography and PKI. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Azimova SS, Saidkhodzhaev AI, editors. Natural Compounds: Natural Sesquiterpene Esters. Part 1 and Part 2. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartolotta TV, Taibbi A, Quaia E, Midiri M. Applicazione dei mezzi di contrasto ecografici nelle lesioni focali del fegato steatosico, nelle lesioni epatiche rare e nelle pseudolesioni del fegato. In: Quaia E, editor. Mezzi di contrasto in ecografia: Applicazioni addominali, Milano: Springer; 2007, p. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety and Health at Work.

Blog post
Davis J. New Gene Therapy For Treating Genetic Blindness Offers Hope For Cure. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better Management Needed in Social Security Administration’s Toll-Free Telephone Service to the Public. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee MY-L. The intellectual origins of Lin Yutang’s cultural internationalism, 1928–1938. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Made for Prowling. New York Times 2010:E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety and Health at Work
AbbreviationSaf. Health Work
ISSN (print)2093-7911
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles