How to format your references using the Safety and Health at Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety and Health at Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Forde A. Careers in systems biology. A meeting of minds, expertise, and imagination. Science 2006;311:1306–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hinton GE, Salakhutdinov RR. Reducing the dimensionality of data with neural networks. Science 2006;313:504–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Milly PCD, Dunne KA, Vecchia AV. Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate. Nature 2005;438:347–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Mishra K, Murade C, Carreel B, Roghair I, Oh JM, Manukyan G, et al. Optofluidic lens with tunable focal length and asphericity. Sci Rep 2014;4:6378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Koepsell D. Who Owns You? Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Yust J, Wild J, Burgoyne JA, editors. Mathematics and Computation in Music: 4th International Conference, MCM 2013, Montreal, QC, Canada, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7937. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Moumtzoglou A, Kastania A. An Expository Discourse of E-Health. In: Pardalos PM, Georgiev PG, Papajorgji P, Neugaard B, editors. Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety and Health at Work.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. The White House Starts Twitter Account To Spread Awareness Of Climate Change. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/white-house-starts-twitter-account-spread-awareness-climate-change/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Diploma Mills: Diploma Mills Are Easily Created and Some Have Issued Bogus Degrees to Federal Employees at Government Expense. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lopez V. The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. A Slice of Virtue. New York Times 2011:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety and Health at Work
AbbreviationSaf. Health Work
ISSN (print)2093-7911
ScopeChemical Health and Safety
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles