How to format your references using the Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renne PR (2002) Geology. Flood basalts--bigger and badder. Science 296:1812–1813
A journal article with 2 authors
Roy S, Asenov A (2005) Applied physics. Where do the dopants go? Science 309:388–390
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker PJ, Harris S, Webbon CC (2002) Effect of British hunting ban on fox numbers. Nature 419:34
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lu H-L, Liao Z-M, Zhang L, et al (2013) Reversible insulator-metal transition of LaAlO₃/SrTiO₃ interface for nonvolatile memory. Sci Rep 3:2870

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang W, Shmulevich I, Astola J (2005) Microarray Quality Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Spaccapietra S, Bertino E, Jajodia S, et al (2005) Journal on Data Semantics II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mukhamedov F, Ganikhodjaev N (2015) Quantum Quadratic Stochastic Operators. In: Ganikhodjaev N (ed) Quantum Quadratic Operators and Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Court Rules That Kids Can Sue US Government Over Climate Change. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Regulatory Programs: Opportunities to Enhance Oversight of the Real Estate Appraisal Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao L (2015) A Field-Scale Simulation of the Reversible Nanoparticle Adsorption for Enhancing Oil Recovery Using Hydrophilic Nanofluids. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ahmed A, Semple K (2017) Hurricane Gains Force And Targets Caribbean. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology
ISSN (online)2054-1783

Other styles