How to format your references using the Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2004) Drug discovery in reverse. Nature 428:227
A journal article with 2 authors
Moar WJ, Anilkumar KJ (2007) Plant science. The power of the pyramid. Science 318:1561–1562
A journal article with 3 authors
Stephens IEL, Elias JS, Shao-Horn Y (2015) CATALYSIS. The importance of being together. Science 350:164–165
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Berl V, Huc I, Khoury RG, et al (2000) Interconversion of single and double helices formed from synthetic molecular strands. Nature 407:720–723

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamdan M, Righetti PG (2005) Proteomics Today. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Moloney R, Xu HL (2016) Exploring Innovative Pedagogy in the Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Foreign Language, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Vera J, Lai X, Schmitz U, Wolkenhauer O (2013) MicroRNA-Regulated Networks: The Perfect Storm for Classical Molecular Biology, the Ideal Scenario for Systems Biology. In: Schmitz U, Wolkenhauer O, Vera J (eds) MicroRNA Cancer Regulation: Advanced Concepts, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Tools. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) The Science Behind Why This Photograph Looks Fake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Highway Needs: An Evaluation of DOT’s Process for Assessing the Nation’s Highway Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCafferty B (2009) Chalk Talk. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2005) QUICK BITE: Cranford; Cranford Didn’t Get the Olympics, Either. New York Times 14NJ13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Invasive and Interventional Cardiology
ISSN (online)2054-1783

Other styles