How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P.D., 2001. A never-ending story. Nature 409, 565.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rensberger, J.M., Watabe, M., 2000. Fine structure of bone in dinosaurs, birds and mammals. Nature 406, 619–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H.-P., Billari, F.C., 2009. Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature 460, 741–743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Q.-Q., Wang, L.-H., Yang, W., Zhou, P., Wang, P.-F., Ding, S.-J., Zhang, D.W., 2013. Atomic scale investigation of a graphene nano-ribbon based high efficiency spin valve. Sci. Rep. 3, 2921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenzel, J., 2010. CIO Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Raju, N.J., Gossel, W., Sudhakar, M. (Eds.), 2015. Management of Natural Resources in a Changing Environment. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakahara, J., Sepehrdad, P., Zhang, B., Wang, M., 2009. Linear (Hull) and Algebraic Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher PRESENT, in: Garay, J.A., Miyaji, A., Otsuka, A. (Eds.), Cryptology and Network Security: 8th International Conference, CANS 2009, Kanazawa, Japan, December 12-14, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 58–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. California’s Water Paradox: Why Enough Will Never Be Enough [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. National Science Foundation Conflict of Interest Problems With Grants to Short Term Employees (No. PAD-81-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bristow, L.W., 2009. There is an old woman: The final stage of individuation (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., 2017. Trust Bust. New York Times BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2001; Rensberger and Watabe, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rensberger and Watabe, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

Other styles