How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giessibl, F.J., 2013. Chemistry. Seeing the reaction. Science 340, 1417–1418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Humphries, M.J., Mould, A.P., 2001. Structure. An anthropomorphic integrin. Science 294, 316–317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, S.J., Vickery, J.A., Norris, K., 2007. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science 315, 381–384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mata-Haro, V., Cekic, C., Martin, M., Chilton, P.M., Casella, C.R., Mitchell, T.C., 2007. The vaccine adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A as a TRIF-biased agonist of TLR4. Science 316, 1628–1632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G., 2013. Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Redmer, R., Hensel, F., Holst, B. (Eds.), 2010. Metal-to-Nonmetal Transitions, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bokalič, M., Topič, M., 2015. CdTe Solar Cells, in: Topič, M. (Ed.), Spatially Resolved Characterization in Thin-Film Photovoltaics, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Mars Looks Weirdly Different Everywhere We Look [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Learning Disabilities: The Link to Delinquency Should Be Determined, but Schools Should Do More Now (No. GGD-76-97). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, J.A., 2014. An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Russia Lifts Arrest For Ex-Premier. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giessibl, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Giessibl, 2013; Humphries and Mould, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humphries and Mould, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mata-Haro et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

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