How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bryant, V.M., 2003. Archaeology. Invisible clues to New World plant domestication. Science 299, 1029–1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, L., AghaKouchak, A., 2014. Nonstationary precipitation Intensity-Duration-Frequency curves for infrastructure design in a changing climate. Sci. Rep. 4, 7093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daviter, T., Murphy, F.V., 4th, Ramakrishnan, V., 2005. Molecular biology. A renewed focus on transfer RNA. Science 308, 1123–1124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y., Lu, C., Twigg, S., Ghaffari, M., Lin, J., Winograd, N., Zhang, Q.M., 2013. Direct observation of ion distributions near electrodes in ionic polymer actuators containing ionic liquids. Sci. Rep. 3, 973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz, E.R., Saade, G.R., Miller, H., Davidson, C.M., 2016. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kim, M., Diong, C.H. (Eds.), 2012. Biology Education for Social and Sustainable Development. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Korver, B., Tillema, H., 2015. Feedback Provision in Mentoring Conversations, in: Tillema, H., Westhuizen, G.J. van der, Smith, K. (Eds.), Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain.” SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Being Naked Is Great For Your Body Image And Satisfaction With Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays (No. NSIAD-88-128BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome, G.A., 2009. Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Wheeler’s Arm Tenderness Draws Caution Lights, Not Alarm Bells. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bryant, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bryant, 2003; Cheng and AghaKouchak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and AghaKouchak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

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