How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, D.M., 2007. Neuroscience. Synapses here and not everywhere. Science 317, 907–908.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szell, M., Thurner, S., 2013. How women organize social networks different from men. Sci. Rep. 3, 1214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levin, E.J., Quick, M., Zhou, M., 2009. Crystal structure of a bacterial homologue of the kidney urea transporter. Nature 462, 757–761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wannamaker, P.E., Caldwell, T.G., Jiracek, G.R., Maris, V., Hill, G.J., Ogawa, Y., Bibby, H.M., Bennie, S.L., Heise, W., 2009. Fluid and deformation regime of an advancing subduction system at Marlborough, New Zealand. Nature 460, 733–736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, R.A., 2012. Extreme Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mourrain, B., Schaefer, S., Xu, G. (Eds.), 2010. Advances in Geometric Modeling and Processing: 6th International Conference, GMP 2010, Castro Urdiales, Spain, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Moghaddam, B., Pehrson, A.L., 2010. Disinhibition of Prefrontal Cortex Neurons in Schizophrenia, in: Gattaz, W.F., Busatto, G. (Eds.), Advances in Schizophrenia Research 2009. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 99–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Watch This Week’s Total Solar Eclipse Live [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2006 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-06-360). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rey, D., 2017. Chaos, Observability and Symplectic Structure in Optimal Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. The Illustrated Stories of Teenagers, Told With Humor and a Light Heart. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Miller, 2007; Szell and Thurner, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szell and Thurner, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wannamaker et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

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