How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Romm, J., 2011. Desertification: The next dust bowl. Nature 478, 450–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, F.F., Salmeron, M., 2011. In situ studies of chemistry and structure of materials in reactive environments. Science 331, 171–174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, A.J., Chen, S.X., Komiyama, T., 2014. Emergence of reproducible spatiotemporal activity during motor learning. Nature 510, 263–267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baldwin, S.L., Monteleone, B.D., Webb, L.E., Fitzgerald, P.G., Grove, M., Hill, E.J., 2004. Pliocene eclogite exhumation at plate tectonic rates in eastern Papua New Guinea. Nature 431, 263–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Doeuff, R., Zaïm, M.E.H., 2013. Rotating Electrical Machines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Sen, A., Das, N., Das, S.K., Sinha, B.P. (Eds.), 2005. Distributed Computing - IWDC 2004: 6th International Workshop, Kolkata, India, December 27-30, 2004. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Philip, N.H., Zwack, E.E., Brodsky, I.E., 2016. Activation and Evasion of Inflammasomes by Yersinia, in: Backert, S. (Ed.), Inflammasome Signaling and Bacterial Infections, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Does Drink Really Make You Happy? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. [Comments on Referral of NASA Subcontractors’ Claims to Congress] (No. B-230871.4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aiken, J., 2009. Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Romm, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Romm, 2011; Tao and Salmeron, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tao and Salmeron, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Baldwin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

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