How to format your references using the Russian Geology and Geophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Russian Geology and Geophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp, M., 2003. The Mona Lisa of modern science. Nature 421, 416–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishiizumi, K., Caffee, M.W., 2001. Beryllium-10 from the Sun. Science 294, 352–354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, A.M., Tingen, C.M., Woodruff, T.K., 2010. Sex bias in trials and treatment must end. Nature 465, 688–689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krawczyk, M., Milkiewicz, M., Marschall, H.-U., Bartz, C., Grünhage, F., Wunsch, E., Milkiewicz, P., Lammert, F., 2014. Variant adiponutrin confers genetic protection against cholestatic itch. Sci. Rep. 4, 6374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
West, B.J., Griffin, L.A., 2005. Biodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bajo-Rubio, O., 2011. Macroeconomic Analysis of Monetary Unions: A General Framework Based on the Mundell-Fleming Model, SpringerBriefs in Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Da̧browski, B.P., Rudawy, P., Karlický, M., 2012. Millisecond Radio Spikes in the Decimetric Band, in: Marqué, C., Nindos, A. (Eds.), Energy Storage and Release through the Solar Activity Cycle: Models Meet Radio Observations. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Russian Geology and Geophysics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Enormous Dutch Air Filter Will Suck The Smog From Your Skies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary (No. RCED-99-99). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keels, D., 2014. An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N., 2016. Colombia’s Leader Is Awarded Nobel Peace Prize for Work to End 52-Year War. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp, 2003; Nishiizumi and Caffee, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishiizumi and Caffee, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Krawczyk et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRussian Geology and Geophysics
AbbreviationRuss. Geol. Geophys.
ISSN (print)1068-7971

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