How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2002. Boston: a magnetic hub. Nature 417: 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaiser, D., and Moreno, J. 2012. Dual-use research: Self-censorship is not enough. Nature 492: 345–347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brookmeyer, R., Johnson, E., and Bollinger, R. 2004. Public health vaccination policies for containing an anthrax outbreak. Nature 432: 901–904.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shibata, Y., Branicky, R., Landaverde, I.O., and Hekimi, S. 2003. Redox regulation of germline and vulval development in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science 302: 1779–1782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman, A., Kay, J., and Ursano, R.J. 2013. The Psychiatric Interview Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Hornby, G.S., L. Sekanina, and P.C. Haddow, Eds., 2008. Evolvable Systems: From Biology to Hardware: 8th International Conference, ICES 2008, Prague, Czech Republic, September 21-24, 2008. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Satoh, M., Yamane-Ohnuki, N., Mori, K., Niwa, R., Shinkawa, T., Imai, H., Kuni-Kamochi, R., Nakano, R., Yamano, K., Kanda, Y., et al. 2006. Generation of an industrially ideal host cell line for producing completely-defucosylated antibody with enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) In: Iijima, S., and K.-I. Nishijima, Eds., Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007. Homeland Security: DHS Enterprise Architecture Continues to Evolve but Improvements Needed Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro, J.M. 2017. School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2016. The View From the Back Row. New York Times D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Kaiser and Moreno, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaiser and Moreno, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Shibata et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Plant Sciences
AbbreviationCRC Crit. Rev. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0735-2689
ISSN (online)1549-7836
ScopePlant Science

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