How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneier, B. 2012. Securing medical research: a cybersecurity point of view. Science 336: 1527–1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zoncu, R., and Sabatini, D.M. 2011. Cell biology. The TASCC of secretion. Science 332: 923–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rideout, W.M., 3rd, Eggan, K., and Jaenisch, R. 2001. Nuclear cloning and epigenetic reprogramming of the genome. Science 293: 1093–1098.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lorimer, D.R., Bailes, M., McLaughlin, M.A., Narkevic, D.J., and Crawford, F. 2007. A bright millisecond radio burst of extragalactic origin. Science 318: 777–780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, W. 2000. Optische Spektroskopie D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Carey, F.A. 2007. Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part A: Structure and Mechanisms Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, L.J., and Hoffman, J.R. 2011. Buying Time In: Hoffman, J.R., Ed., Climate Savvy: Adapting Conservation and Resource Management to a Changing World. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, pp. 37–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982. The Impact of Budget Cuts on Three Directorates of the National Science Foundation Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J.L. 2012. The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Barron With Eric Lipton G. S. Bourdain, Crow, K., and Fabricant, F. 2001. BOLDFACE NAMES. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Zoncu and Sabatini, 2011; Schneier, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zoncu and Sabatini, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Lorimer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Plant Sciences
AbbreviationCRC Crit. Rev. Plant Sci.
ISSN (print)0735-2689
ISSN (online)1549-7836
ScopePlant Science

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