How to format your references using the Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.M. Stock, Geochemistry. The Hawaiian-Emperor bend: older than expected, Science. 313 (2006) 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Khosla, Y. Tang, Chemistry. A new route to designer antibiotics, Science. 308 (2005) 367–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
F.S. Al-Zaid, A.A. Alhader, L.Y. Al-Ayadhi, Altered ghrelin levels in boys with autism: a novel finding associated with hormonal dysregulation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Wu, G. Qin, F. Gao, Y. Liu, C.J. Vavricka, J. Qi, H. Jiang, K. Yu, G.F. Gao, Induced opening of influenza virus neuraminidase N2 150-loop suggests an important role in inhibitor binding, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1551.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.C.J. Luo, Y. Guo, Vibro-Impact Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
D.J. Tongway, Restoring Disturbed Landscapes: Putting Principles into Practice, Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Malcheva, 4 Application of Multilevel Design on the Base of UML for Digital System Developing, in: M. Adamski, A. Barkalov, M. Węgrzyn (Eds.), Design of Digital Systems and Devices, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 93–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing.

Blog post
D. Andrew, How Cooperative Behaviour Could Make Artificial Intelligence More Human, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Efforts to Validate TSA’s Passenger Screening Behavior Detection Program Underway, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Validation and Address Operational Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.N. Sarkissian, An examination of course-level factors contributing to student success, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Loewenstein, P. Ubel, Economics Behaving Badly, New York Times. (2010) A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRobotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
AbbreviationRobot. Comput. Integr. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0736-5845
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Mathematics

Other styles