How to format your references using the Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.R. Bloom, WHO needs change, Nature. 473 (2011) 143–145.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Burrows, G. Sutton, Interacting gears synchronize propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect, Science. 341 (2013) 1254–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. O’Nions, R. Pitman, C. Marsh, Science of nuclear warheads, Nature. 415 (2002) 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F.D. Lewis, X. Liu, J. Liu, S.E. Miller, R.T. Hayes, M.R. Wasielewski, Direct measurement of hole transport dynamics in DNA, Nature. 406 (2000) 51–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-F. Daïan, Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 3, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
N. Bascia, A. Cumming, A. Datnow, K. Leithwood, D. Livingstone, eds., International Handbook of Educational Policy, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Fukuda, Monitoring Groundwater Variations Using Precise Gravimetry on Land and from Space, in: M. Taniguchi (Ed.), Groundwater and Subsurface Environments: Human Impacts in Asian Coastal Cities, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2011: pp. 85–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing.

Blog post
J. Fang, What Would Happen If You Were Punched By Superman?, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intellectual Property: Enhancements Needed in Computing and Reporting Patent Examination Statistics, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Galvan, A mixed-methods study of mathematics and science achievement of refugee students in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, Gazing Into the Void, New York Times. (2014) D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRobotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
AbbreviationRobot. Comput. Integr. Manuf.
ISSN (print)0736-5845
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
General Mathematics

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