How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.G.G.M. Tielens, Planetary science. Peering into stardust, Science. 300 (2003) 68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.J. Florence, M.B. Reiser, Neuroscience: hot on the trail of temperature processing, Nature. 519 (2015) 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.R. Seiffert, E.L. Simons, Y. Attia, Fossil evidence for an ancient divergence of lorises and galagos, Nature. 422 (2003) 421–424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.Z. Ludwig, C. Bergman, N.H. Patel, M. Kreitman, Evidence for stabilizing selection in a eukaryotic enhancer element, Nature. 403 (2000) 564–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.E. Miller, Optimization, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1999.
An edited book
B.P. Zeigler, Guide to Modeling and Simulation of Systems of Systems, Springer, London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Merz, T. Hansemann, C. Hübner, BACnet, in: T. Hansemann, C. Hübner (Eds.), Building Automation: Communication Systems with EIB/KNX, LON Und BACnet, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 185–273.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Physics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, New Type Of Planetary Object May Have Formed Earth And The Moon, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Some Programs Have Overcome Past Problems, but Challenges and Uncertainty Remain for the Future, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Walker, University Research Adminstrators’ Perception of Incivility and the Relationship to Employee Engagement, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Best-Selling Russian Turns to History, New York Times. (2013) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Physics
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Phys.
ISSN (print)0021-9991
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Other styles