How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly, P. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. Making sense of the data. Science 331, 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Z., and Xiao, T. S. (2015). STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Assembling the wheel of death. Science 350, 376–377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei, T.-S., Patel, H. H., and Sigman, M. S. (2014). Enantioselective construction of remote quaternary stereocentres. Nature 508, 340–344.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bunge, M., Adrian, L., Kraus, A., Opel, M., Lorenz, W. G., Andreesen, J. R., et al. (2003). Reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated dioxins by an anaerobic bacterium. Nature 421, 357–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tourlakis, G. (2008). Mathematical Logic. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hanjalić, K., Krol, R. V. de, and Lekić, A. eds. (2008). Sustainable Energy Technologies: Options and Prospects. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Trinci, M., Sessa, B., Menichini, G., Valentini, V., and Miele, V. (2015). “Abdominal Trauma,” in Imaging Trauma and Polytrauma in Pediatric Patients, eds. V. Miele and M. Trinci (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 65–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Wasps Turn Spiders Into Their Zombie Bodyguards, Then Kill Them. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurley, J. C. (2010). The use of edge detection techniques to analyze thoracoabdominal movement and infer breathing volume.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011). Claiming Fraud in A.I.G. Bailout, Whistle-Blower Lawsuit Names 3 Companies. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donnelly, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Donnelly, 2011; Liu and Xiao, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Xiao, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bunge et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles