How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2011). The voice of science: let’s agree to disagree. Nature 478, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miles, L., and Kapos, V. (2008). Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: global land-use implications. Science 320, 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki, K., Matsumoto, M., and Ohmine, I. (2013). Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature 498, 350–354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pilot, F., Philippe, J.-M., Lemmers, C., and Lecuit, T. (2006). Spatial control of actin organization at adherens junctions by a synaptotagmin-like protein Btsz. Nature 442, 580–584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmott, P., and Orrell, D. (2017). The Money Formula. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cabras, I., Higgins, D., and Preece, D. eds. (2016). Brewing, Beer and Pubs: A Global Perspective. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Haddad, S. A. P., and Serdijn, W. A. (2009). “Analog Wavelet Filters: The Need for Approximation,” in Ultra Low-Power Biomedical Signal Processing: An Analog Wavelet Filter Approach for Pacemakers, ed. W. A. Serdijn (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). What Would The Earth Look Like If All The Ice Melted? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Federal Aviation Administration’s Acquisition of the Advanced Automation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahler, E. B. (2008). Defining career success in the 21st century: A narrative study of intentional work role transitions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; C.J. Chivers contributed reporting from Beslan for this article, and Melikhovo, S. K. F. (2004). PUTIN SAYS RUSSIA FACES FULL “WAR” TO DIVIDE NATION. New York Times, 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Miles and Kapos, 2008; Sarewitz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miles and Kapos, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pilot et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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