How to format your references using the Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glynn, I. (2001). An intriguing door. Nature 413, 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rotenberg, E., and Yakir, D. (2010). Contribution of semi-arid forests to the climate system. Science 327, 451–454.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell, D. A., Kadko, D., and Bates, N. R. (2004). Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science 304, 858–861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kan, W., Liang, B., Zhu, X., Li, R., Zou, X., Wu, H., et al. (2013). Acoustic illusion near boundaries of arbitrary curved geometry. Sci. Rep. 3, 1427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C., and Meeking, D. (2013). How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gidron, B., and Bar, M. eds. (2010). Policy Initiatives Towards the Third Sector in International Perspective. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Borkar, V. S., Ejov, V., Filar, J. A., and Nguyen, G. T. (2012). “Markov Decision Processes,” in Hamiltonian Cycle Problem and Markov Chains International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., eds. V. Ejov, J. A. Filar, and G. T. Nguyen (New York, NY: Springer), 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Molecular Psychiatry.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Researchers Reverse Aging In Mice By Triggering Embryonic Genes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Guaranty Agency Solvency: Can the Government Recover HEAF’s First-Year Liquidation Cost of $212 Million? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, R. U. (2015). A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Solomon, B. C., and Villamor, F. (2017). In a City of Ruins, the Philippines’ Fierce Battle With ISIS Rages On. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glynn, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Glynn, 2001; Rotenberg and Yakir, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rotenberg and Yakir, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Molecular Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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