How to format your references using the Robotics and Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Robotics and Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gandhi KJK. The best decision I ever made. Science. 2015;350:1122.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Williams DA, Baum C. Medicine. Gene therapy--new challenges ahead. Science. 2003;302:400–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dloniak SM, French JA, Holekamp KE. Rank-related maternal effects of androgens on behaviour in wild spotted hyaenas. Nature. 2006;440:1190–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wertz IE, O’Rourke KM, Zhang Z, Dornan D, Arnott D, Deshaies RJ, et al. Human De-etiolated-1 regulates c-Jun by assembling a CUL4A ubiquitin ligase. Science. 2004;303:1371–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sizer A, Balachandar C, Biswas N, Foon R, Griffiths A, Hodgett S, et al. Part 2 MRCOG: Single Best Answer Questions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Miesenberger K, Fels D, Archambault D, Peňáz P, Zagler W, editors. Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 14th International Conference, ICCHP 2014, Paris, France, July 9-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Söldner G, Kapitza R, Meier R. Providing Context-Aware Adaptations Based on a Semantic Model. In: Felber P, Rouvoy R, editors. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 11th IFIP WG 61 International Conference, DAIS 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland, June 6-9, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Robotics and Biomimetics.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Millenia-Old Tree Is Undergoing A Sex Change. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Sep. Report No.: GAO-14-766.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Grant JA. Far-field noise from a rotor in a wind tunnel [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. As a Butterfly or as a Bee, Ali Made an Impression. New York Times. 2016 Jun 4;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRobotics and Biomimetics
AbbreviationRobotics Biomim.
ISSN (online)2197-3768
Scope

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