How to format your references using the Robotics and Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Robotics and Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clawson GA. Cancer. Fusion for moving. Science. 2013;342:699–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Abedin M, King N. The premetazoan ancestry of cadherins. Science. 2008;319:946–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Birbeck GL, Meyer A-C, Ogunniyi A. Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature. 2015;527:S167-71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Coleman FC, Figueira WF, Ueland JS, Crowder LB. The impact of United States recreational fisheries on marine fish populations. Science. 2004;305:1958–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Meier HB, Marthinsen JE, Gantenbein PA. Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Poli F. Photonic Crystal Fibers: Properties and Applications. Cucinotta A, Selleri S, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kalogeras N, Pennings JME, Dijk G van, van der Lans IA. The Structure of Marketing Cooperatives. In: Nilsson J, editor. Vertical Markets and Cooperative Hierarchies: The Role of Cooperatives in the Agri-Food Industry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Robotics and Biomimetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What Missing Lander Means For Europe’s Quest To Find Life On Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA’s Security-Related Technology Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Feb. Report No.: GAO-16-176.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bailoor S. Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kremlin’s Man Wins Post Near Chechnya. New York Times. 2002 May 1;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRobotics and Biomimetics
AbbreviationRobotics Biomim.
ISSN (online)2197-3768
Scope

Other styles