How to format your references using the Robotics and Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Robotics and Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tomioka K. Condensed-matter Physics: Flat transistor defies the limit. Nature. 2015;526:51–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jacob L, Lum L. Deconstructing the hedgehog pathway in development and disease. Science. 2007;318:66–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sharam GJ, Sinclair ARE, Turkington R. Serengeti birds maintain forests by inhibiting seed predators. Science. 2009;325:51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rifkin SA, Houle D, Kim J, White KP. A mutation accumulation assay reveals a broad capacity for rapid evolution of gene expression. Nature. 2005;438:220–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Norris L. Transplant Administration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Shami A, Maier M, Assi C, editors. Broadband Access Networks: Technologies and Deployments. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Clark D, Hunt S. Non-Interference for Deterministic Interactive Programs. In: Degano P, Guttman J, Martinelli F, editors. Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: 5th International Workshop, FAST 2008 Malaga, Spain, October 9-10, 2008 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 50–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Robotics and Biomimetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Antidepressants May Not Be As Effective As We Thought, And Shouldn’t Be The Only Treatment For Depression. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Student Achievement Standards and Testing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: T-PEMD-93-1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Robinson LM. Using Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Examine Exciton Dynamics in II-VI Semiconductor Nanostructures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hu W. Navigating A City Forest: 280 Miles Of Scaffolding. New York Times. 2017 May 2;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRobotics and Biomimetics
AbbreviationRobotics Biomim.
ISSN (online)2197-3768
Scope

Other styles