How to format your references using the African Geographical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for African Geographical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry, G. (2013). Scientific heritage: Science today, history tomorrow. Nature, 493(7430), 19–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Türkmen, Y. E., & Aggarwal, V. K. (2014). A simpler route for making nitrogen-alkene rings. [corrected]. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6166), 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan, X., Shao, M., & Kulkarni, S. R. (2004). A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature, 427(6972), 326–328.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hansen, P. L., Wagner, J. B., Helveg, S., Rostrup-Nielsen, J. R., Clausen, B. S., & Topsøe, H. (2002). Atom-resolved imaging of dynamic shape changes in supported copper nanocrystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2053–2055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Menk, F. W., & Waters, C. L. (2013). Magnetoseismology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Saka, M. (Ed.). (2011). Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heimrich, T., Reichelt, K., Rusch, H., Sattler, K.-U., & Schröder, T. (2005). Modelling and Streaming Spatiotemporal Audio Data. In R. Meersman, Z. Tari, & P. Herrero (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 7–8). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for African Geographical Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, June 1). Feast Your Eyes On The World’s Biggest Plane. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System (No. GAO-06-1114T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramberg, K. S. (2010). L’envers et l’endroit: The other side of the cloth (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, October 8). Indians Channel Their Inner Cavaliers. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferry, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ferry, 2013; Türkmen & Aggarwal, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Türkmen & Aggarwal, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Pan, Shao, & Kulkarni, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hansen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrican Geographical Review
AbbreviationAfr. Geogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)1937-6812
ISSN (online)2163-2642
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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