How to format your references using the African Geographical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for African Geographical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xie, X. S. (2013). Biochemistry. Enzyme kinetics, past and present. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6165), 1457–1459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radisky, D. C., & Bissell, M. J. (2004). Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 775–777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brockmann, D., Hufnagel, L., & Geisel, T. (2006). The scaling laws of human travel. Nature, 439(7075), 462–465.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tsukazaki, T., Mori, H., Echizen, Y., Ishitani, R., Fukai, S., Tanaka, T., … Nureki, O. (2011). Structure and function of a membrane component SecDF that enhances protein export. Nature, 474(7350), 235–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pozen, R., Hamacher, T., & Phillips, D. (2011). The Fund Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Milone, E. F. (2014). Solar System Astrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System (2nd ed. 2014; W. J. F. Wilson, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Milone, E. F., & Wilson, W. J. F. (2014). Satellite and Ring Systems. In W. J. F. Wilson (Ed.), Solar System Astrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System (pp. 521–595). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for African Geographical Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 15). Woody Vines Reduce A Forest’s Ability To Buffer Climate Change. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). DOD Still Needs To Clarify Policies for Performing Research and Development for Other Agencies (No. PSAD-80-44). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez, E. (2009). Keys to my home: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2017, August 12). The Land of Internet Subcultures. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xie, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Radisky & Bissell, 2004; Xie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Radisky & Bissell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Brockmann, Hufnagel, & Geisel, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tsukazaki et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrican Geographical Review
AbbreviationAfr. Geogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)1937-6812
ISSN (online)2163-2642
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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