How to format your references using the African Geographical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for African Geographical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson, E. W. (2015). Condensed-matter physics: Charge topology in superconductors. Nature, 525(7569), 329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holt, C. E., & Bullock, S. L. (2009). Subcellular mRNA localization in animal cells and why it matters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1212–1216.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud, R. M., Nittler, L. R., & Alexander, C. M. O. (2004). Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1455–1457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nurminsky, D., Aguiar, D. D., Bustamante, C. D., & Hartl, D. L. (2001). Chromosomal effects of rapid gene evolution in Drosophila melanogaster. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5501), 128–130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J. (2014). Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, Z. (2010). MicroRNA Expression Detection Methods (B. Yang, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh, M., Anandan, S. K., Malik, S., Sistla, S., & Wright, S. (2013). Excel Services. In S. K. Anandan, S. Malik, S. Sistla, & S. Wright (Eds.), Pro SharePoint 2013 Business Intelligence Solutions (pp. 247–303). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for African Geographical Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 22). New Study Suggests The Origin Of Iapetus’ Ridge. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future (RCED-98-156). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K. E. (2012). The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, January 21). Encore, for the Curlers and Their Pants. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Carlson, 2015; Holt & Bullock, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holt & Bullock, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Stroud et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nurminsky et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrican Geographical Review
AbbreviationAfr. Geogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)1937-6812
ISSN (online)2163-2642
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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