How to format your references using the African Geographical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for African Geographical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Hara, K. (2010). Canada must free scientists to talk to journalists. Nature, 467(7315), 501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fiete, G. A., & de Lozanne, A. (2010). Physics. Seeing quantum fractals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5966), 652–653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauser, M. D., Chomsky, N., & Fitch, W. T. (2002). The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1569–1579.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Meissle, M., Zünd, J., Waldburger, M., & Romeis, J. (2014). Development of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on pollen from Bt-transgenic and conventional maize. Scientific Reports, 4, 5900.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, R. N. (2015). Scale Invariance. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Peterson, M. P. (Ed.). (2008). International Perspectives on Maps and the Internet. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferdous, A., Shahin, M. A., & Ali, M. A. (2014). Time Series Model Building and Forecasting on Maximum Temperature Data. In T. Islam, P. K. Srivastava, M. Gupta, X. Zhu, & S. Mukherjee (Eds.), Computational Intelligence Techniques in Earth and Environmental Sciences (pp. 79–91). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for African Geographical Review.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, February 24). Your Dog Has A Better Memory Than A Chimpanzee. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Information Technology: Agriculture Needs to Strengthen Management Practices for Stabilizing and Modernizing Its Farm Program Delivery Systems (GAO-08-657). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeMoss, M. D. (2010). Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 30). Supreme Court Takes Up Global Warming Case. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Hara, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fiete & de Lozanne, 2010; O’Hara, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fiete & de Lozanne, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hauser et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Meissle et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAfrican Geographical Review
AbbreviationAfr. Geogr. Rev.
ISSN (print)1937-6812
ISSN (online)2163-2642
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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