How to format your references using the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (JSFA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles S. Being human: Conflict: Altruism’s midwife. Nature 456:326–327 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
Scanlon JD and Lee MS. The Pleistocene serpent Wonambi and the early evolution of snakes. Nature 403:416–420 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta EKH, Legron-Rodriguez T, and Bowdon MA. IBI* series winner. An inquiry into the water around us. Science 341:971–972 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cowan T, Cai W, Purich A, Rotstayn L, and England MH. Forcing of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature trends of the sub-thermocline southern Indian Ocean. Sci Rep 3:2245 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova T. Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Müller MS, Resch MM, Schulz A, and Nagel WE (eds.). Tools for High Performance Computing 2009: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2009, ZIH, Dresden. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal A, Gupta S, and Sharma R. Basic Semen Analysis. In: Agarwal A, Gupta S, Sharma R, eds. Andrological Evaluation of Male Infertility: A Laboratory Guide Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 39–46 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Blog post
Luntz S. Undersea Landslide Unleashed Gigantic Ancient Tsunami. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017. Available: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Program: Space Debris a Potential Threat to Space Station and Shuttle. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 AprReport No.: IMTEC-90-18.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hooper KJ. Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Who’s at Second, And Now Third? It’s the Catcher. New York Times :B7 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ISSN (print)0022-5142
ISSN (online)1097-0010

Other styles