How to format your references using the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (JSFA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno I. Olympus finds market rival hard to swallow. Nature 438:913 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Barber MF and Elde NC. Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin. Science 346:1362–1366 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Humayun M, Qin L, and Norman MD. Geochemical evidence for excess iron in the mantle beneath Hawaii. Science 306:91–94 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pangala SR, Enrich-Prast A, Basso LS, Peixoto RB, Bastviken D, Hornibrook ERC, Gatti LV, Marotta H, Calazans LSB, Sakuragui CM, Bastos WR, Malm O, Gloor E, Miller JB, and Gauci V. Large emissions from floodplain trees close the Amazon methane budget. Nature 552:230–234 (2017).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albalate A and Minker W. Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Behrndt J, Förster K-H, and Trunk C (eds.). Recent Advances in Operator Theory in Hilbert and Krein Spaces. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Schadendorf D, Kochs C, and Livingstone E. Treatment of Primary Tumor and Locoregional Disease. In: Kochs C, Livingstone E, eds. Handbook of Cutaneous Melanoma: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; p. 53–77 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Blog post
Hamilton K. The US Needs To Improve Its Science Literacy, Says Astronaut Mae Jemison. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. Available: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Compliance with Cost Limits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 AprReport No.: GAO-04-648R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutson MD. Three Essays on Macroeconomic Forecasting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. A Floor of a World Trade Center Tower Is Splashed With Graffiti, by Invitation. New York Times :A20 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ISSN (print)0022-5142
ISSN (online)1097-0010

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