How to format your references using the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (JSFA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake JA. Disappearing act. Nature 446:983 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Trakhtenberg EF and Goldberg JL. Immunology. Neuroimmune communication. Science 334:47–48 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
Cartwright HN, Humphries JA, and Smith LG. PAN1: a receptor-like protein that promotes polarization of an asymmetric cell division in maize. Science 323:649–651 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Khang D-Y, Jiang H, Huang Y, and Rogers JA. A stretchable form of single-crystal silicon for high-performance electronics on rubber substrates. Science 311:208–212 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massotte P and Corsi P. Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Brooks M. Developing B2B Social Communities: KEYS TO GROWTH, INNOVATION, AND CUSTOMER LOYALTY. Lovett JJ, Creek S, eds. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ceppi G. Understanding the Past While Planning the Future: Times and Ambitions About AdvanceDesign. In: Celi M, ed. Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 53–67 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Blog post
Hale T. We Get Carsick Because Of A Weird Evolutionary Blip. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. Available: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s 1987 Cost Estimate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 JulReport No.: NSIAD-87-180FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox AM. Functional Gain and Change Mechanisms in Post-Production Complex Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes B and Abrams R. Beleaguered Weinstein Company Will Not Get a Planned Cash Infusion. New York Times :B2 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ISSN (print)0022-5142
ISSN (online)1097-0010

Other styles