How to format your references using the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (JSFA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe M. Going multidisciplinary. Nature 425:542–543 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sauvageau G and Humphries RK. Medicine. The blood stem cell Holy Grail? Science 329:1291–1292 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor RN, Buchwaldt R, and Bowring S. A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks. Nature 495:E1-2 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou P, Ross RA, Pywell CM, Liangpunsakul S, and Duffield GE. Disturbances in the murine hepatic circadian clock in alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis. Sci Rep 4:3725 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Funk W, Dammann V, Donnevert G, Ianelli S, Ianelli E, and Gray A. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Broadhead A. English for Personal Assistants: The essential handbook for doing business internationally. Light G, ed. Wiesbaden: Gabler; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Mishra PK, Singh K, and Baruntar S. ID-Based Threshold Signcryption and Group Unsigncryption. In: Thampi SM, Zomaya AY, Strufe T, Alcaraz Calero JM, Thomas T, eds. Recent Trends in Computer Networks and Distributed Systems Security: International Conference, SNDS 2012, Trivandrum, India, October 11-12, 2012. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 35–44 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Blog post
Luntz S. Amazing Animation Compares The Mass Of Various Objects In The Solar System. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. Available: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: IRS’s Fiscal Year 2004 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 NovReport No.: GAO-05-46.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvarin M. Special education paraeducators as instructional support [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. The Vnyl. New York Times :D8 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ISSN (print)0022-5142
ISSN (online)1097-0010

Other styles