How to format your references using the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (JSFA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang K. Sampling biases in datasets of historical mean air temperature over land. Sci Rep 4:4637 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Chittka L and Schürkens S. Successful invasion of a floral market. Nature 411:653 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu L, Yin M-L, and Liu SF. Ag(x)@WO₃ core-shell nanostructure for LSP enhanced chemical sensors. Sci Rep 4:6745 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ji Y, Chung Y, Sprinzak D, Heiblum M, Mahalu D, and Shtrikman H. An electronic Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Nature 422:415–418 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vagelli AA. The Banggai Cardinalfish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Taylor M and Coia L (eds.). Gender, Feminism, and Queer Theory in the Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Spoor M. Inequality, Poverty and Conflict in Transition Economies. In: Spoor M, ed. Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 47–65 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew E. Space Sex Geckos Die In Orbit. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. Available: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Month In Review: December 1998: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 DecReport No.: OPA-99-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rendleman AJ. Energetics of Physiological Plasticity during Larval Development of the Sand Dollar, Dendraster Excentricus [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin J. HBO Ends Talk Show for Ex-Star of ESPN. New York Times :B6 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
ISSN (print)0022-5142
ISSN (online)1097-0010

Other styles