How to format your references using the Journal of Electrocardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrocardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pfennig KS. Facultative mate choice drives adaptive hybridization. Science 2007;318:965–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Daily GC, Walker BH. Seeking the great transition. Nature 2000;403:243–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bruner SD, Norman DP, Verdine GL. Structural basis for recognition and repair of the endogenous mutagen 8-oxoguanine in DNA. Nature 2000;403:859–66.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Takaoka Y, Goto S, Nakano T, Tseng H-P, Yang S-M, Kawamoto S, et al. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced, sepsis-related severe acute lung injury in mice. Sci Rep 2014;4:5204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Davis JH. Statistics for Compensation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Matsuura K, Fujisaki E, editors. Advances in Information and Computer Security: Third International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2008, Kagawa, Japan, November 25-27, 2008. Proceedings. vol. 5312. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hindriks KV, Roberti T. GOAL as a Planning Formalism. In: Braubach L, Hoek W van der, Petta P, Pokahr A, editors. Multiagent System Technologies: 7th German Conference, MATES 2009, Hamburg, Germany, September 9-11, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrocardiology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. You Can Finally See The World’s Finest Uncut Opal. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/you-can-finally-see-the-worlds-finest-uncut-opal/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Improved Risk Analysis Could Strengthen FAA’s Global Interoperability Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chotkevys DL. A grounded theory study to explore how nurses overcome barriers to spiritual care. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Leland J. Carlsen, ‘Mozart of Chess,’ Overwhelms Challenger to Win Championship. New York Times 2016:A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrocardiology
AbbreviationJ. Electrocardiol.
ISSN (print)0022-0736
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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