How to format your references using the Journal of Electrocardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrocardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bloodworth A. Resources: Track flows to manage technology-metal supply. Nature 2014;505:19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jaeger J-J, Marivaux L. Paleontology. Shaking the earliest branches of anthropoid primate evolution. Science 2005;310:244–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Moore JD, Kirk JA, Hunt T. Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science 2003;300:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Mani R-S, Tomlins SA, Callahan K, Ghosh A, Nyati MK, Varambally S, et al. Induced chromosomal proximity and gene fusions in prostate cancer. Science 2009;326:1230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rankin J. Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Kim T-H, Adeli H, Robles RJ, Balitanas M, editors. Ubiquitous Computing and Multimedia Applications: Second International Conference, UCMA 2011, Daejeon, Korea, April 13-15, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. vol. 150. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Plummer JD. Challenges in Defining and Validating an Astronomy Learning Progression. In: Alonzo AC, Gotwals AW, editors. Learning Progressions in Science: Current Challenges and Future Directions, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012, p. 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrocardiology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. New Ways Are Needed To Make Cannabis Use Safer. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Human Services Integration: Results of a GAO Cosponsored Conference on Modernizing Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Roubin AM. A resource manual of bullying intervention programs for parents, educators, and community officials in the Los Angeles area. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. Long Security Lines Surprise Fans. New York Times 2013:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrocardiology
AbbreviationJ. Electrocardiol.
ISSN (print)0022-0736
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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