How to format your references using the Journal of Electrocardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrocardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fishman MC. The genomic cosmos. Nature 2001;410:1033.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stegemann S, Bock R. Exchange of genetic material between cells in plant tissue grafts. Science 2009;324:649–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Suthram S, Sittler T, Ideker T. The Plasmodium protein network diverges from those of other eukaryotes. Nature 2005;438:108–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Caviglia AD, Gariglio S, Reyren N, Jaccard D, Schneider T, Gabay M, et al. Electric field control of the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface ground state. Nature 2008;456:624–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sillar KT, Picton LD, Heitler WJ. The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Kontis K, editor. 28th International Symposium on Shock Waves: Vol 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Monnet C, Klug C, De Baets K. Evolutionary Patterns of Ammonoids: Phenotypic Trends, Convergence, and Parallel Evolution. In: Klug C, Korn D, De Baets K, Kruta I, Mapes RH, editors. Ammonoid Paleobiology: From macroevolution to paleogeography, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015, p. 95–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrocardiology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Brain Training Can Teach Synesthesia-Like Perception. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-training-can-teach-synesthesia-perception/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Provision of Charitable Assistance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Curiel AR. A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. A New York Icon Who Shone Just Outside the Bright Lights. New York Times 2015:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrocardiology
AbbreviationJ. Electrocardiol.
ISSN (print)0022-0736
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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