How to format your references using the Journal of Electrocardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrocardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Campbell P. Declaration of financial interests. Nature 2001;412:751.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nielsen TA, Stenstrom P. What are the memory sources of dreaming? Nature 2005;437:1286–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Reynolds AM, Leprêtre L, Bohan DA. Movement patterns of Tenebrio beetles demonstrate empirically that correlated-random-walks have similitude with a Lévy walk. Sci Rep 2013;3:3158.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shapiro MD, Marks ME, Peichel CL, Blackman BK, Nereng KS, Jónsson B, et al. Genetic and developmental basis of evolutionary pelvic reduction in threespine sticklebacks. Nature 2004;428:717–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Marcus Y. Supercritical Water. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Błaszczak Z, Markov B, Marinova K, editors. LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Adkins CE, Mittapalli RK, Bohn KA, Bansal A, Venishetty VK, Lockman PR. Vascular Permeability Within Brain Metastases. In: Palmieri D, editor. Central Nervous System Metastasis, the Biological Basis and Clinical Considerations, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrocardiology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. We Now Sort Of Know Why SpaceX’s Rocket Exploded. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Status of Planning and Technical Foundation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Green RB. Bluetooth telemetry system for a wearable electrocardiogram. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Chief Justice Is Admitted To Hospital After Seizure. New York Times 2007:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrocardiology
AbbreviationJ. Electrocardiol.
ISSN (print)0022-0736
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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