How to format your references using the Journal of Electrocardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Electrocardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sales BC. Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler. Science 2002;295:1248–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Losick R, Desplan C. Stochasticity and cell fate. Science 2008;320:65–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM. The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions. Science 2001;292:1155–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li T, Lin Y, Shang Y, He L, Huang C, Szabunio M, et al. Simultaneous measurement of deep tissue blood flow and oxygenation using noncontact diffuse correlation spectroscopy flow-oximeter. Sci Rep 2013;3:1358.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Davis RA. Demand-Driven Inventory Optimization and Replenishment. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Maz’ya V. Sharp Real-Part Theorems: A Unified Approach. vol. 1903. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Graves PR, Jackson I, Anscher MS, Mikkelsen R, Vujaskovic Z. Biodetection and Biointervention: Cytokine Pathways as a Rationale for Anti-cytokine Interventions Post-Radiation. In: Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB, editors. ALERT - Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 1: General Concepts and Specific Precepts, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Electrocardiology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Scientist Have Discovered An “Impossible” Ice Cloud On Titan. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/impossible-ice-cloud-on-titan/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Al-Qazzaz AL. A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
de la MERCED MJ. Activist Hedge Fund Picks A New Target: ComScore. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Electrocardiology
AbbreviationJ. Electrocardiol.
ISSN (print)0022-0736
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles