How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilman, D. (2000). Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783), 208–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nunes, F., & Norris, R. D. (2006). Abrupt reversal in ocean overturning during the Palaeocene/Eocene warm period. Nature, 439(7072), 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeLoache, J. S., Uttal, D. H., & Rosengren, K. S. (2004). Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 1027–1029.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reif, K., Ekland, E. H., Ohl, L., Nakano, H., Lipp, M., Förster, R., & Cyster, J. G. (2002). Balanced responsiveness to chemoattractants from adjacent zones determines B-cell position. Nature, 416(6876), 94–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W. (2015). Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
McLuckie, A. (Ed.). (2009). Respiratory Disease and its Management. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lehavi, A. (2016). Residential Communities in a Heterogeneous Society: The Case of Israel. In A. Lehavi (Ed.), Private Communities and Urban Governance: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives (pp. 95–125). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, June 30). Antarctic Ozone Layer Shows Early Signs Of Healing. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Telecommunications and Information Technology: Federal Programs That Can Be Used to Fund Technology for Schools and Libraries (T-HEHS-98-246). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mikhailik, Y. (2013). Longing Limned [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., & Rappeport, A. (2017, July 19). White House Tempers Ambitions for Cutting Corporate Tax Rate. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tilman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nunes & Norris, 2006; Tilman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nunes & Norris, 2006)
  • Three authors: (DeLoache et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reif et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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