How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E. P. J. (2004). Astronomy. Double pulsar jackpot. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5661), 1143–1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota, R. K., & Genov, D. A. (2014). Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Scientific Reports, 4, 4899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, M. G., Park, H. S., & Hwang, H. S. (2010). Detection of a large-scale structure of intracluster globular clusters in the Virgo cluster. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 334–336.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Silva, D. B., Turatti, I. C. C., Gouveia, D. R., Ernst, M., Teixeira, S. P., & Lopes, N. P. (2014). Mass spectrometry of flavonoid vicenin-2, based sunlight barriers in Lychnophora species. Scientific Reports, 4, 4309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U. (2005). Solar Technologies for Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ruiz-Lopez, M. F., & Olivares del Valle, F. J. (Eds.). (2016). 9th Congress on Electronic Structure: Principles and Applications (ESPA 2014): A Conference Selection from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts (1st ed. 2016). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Escobar, O. (2011). Suspending Disbelief. In M. Engelken-Jorge, P. I. Güell, & C. M. del Río (Eds.), Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon (pp. 109–128). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 19). Scientists Develop Pill That Could Let Celiacs Eat Gluten. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Traffic Congestion: Activities to Reduce Travel Demand and Air Pollution Are Not Widely Implemented (No. PEMD-93-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orbinati, A. G. (2015). Spirituality and learning: An exploration into the understanding of spirituality in adult education (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M., & Kovaleski, S. F. (2017, June 6). For Officers After a Shooting, Unseen ‘Grieving.’ New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (van den Heuvel, 2004; Vinnakota & Genov, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vinnakota & Genov, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Park, & Hwang, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Silva et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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