How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2012). Functional genomics: The changes that count. Nature, 482(7384), 257, 259–262.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karbaschi, M., & Cooke, M. S. (2014). Novel method for the high-throughput processing of slides for the comet assay. Scientific Reports, 4, 7200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2005). Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 98–103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Corsaro, C., Mallamace, D., Łojewska, J., Mallamace, F., Pietronero, L., & Missori, M. (2013). Molecular degradation of ancient documents revealed by 1H HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy. Scientific Reports, 3, 2896.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar, R. K. (2008). Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Quirk, T. J. (2013). Excel 2010 for Biological and Life Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems (M. Quirk & H. Horton, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Akerkar, R., & Sajja, P. S. (2016). Fuzzy Logic. In P. S. Sajja (Ed.), Intelligent Techniques for Data Science (pp. 95–123). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, April 29). We Are Almost Certainly Not Alone In The Universe. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Safety: Enhanced Oversight and Improved Availability of Risk- Based Data Could Further Improve Safety (GAO-12-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen, J. (2012). Moving office document processing into the cloud [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sang-Hun, C. (2017, May 7). Accused of ‘Hostile Acts,’ a 4th American Citizen Is Detained by North Korea. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2012; Karbaschi & Cooke, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karbaschi & Cooke, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bailis et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Corsaro et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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