How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zoller, P. (2000). Tricks with a single photon. Nature, 404(6776), 340–341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Overpeck, J., & Udall, B. (2010). Climate change. Dry times ahead. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5986), 1642–1643.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Barta, Z., & Houston, A. I. (2004). Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature, 428(6984), 745–748.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schratt, G. M., Tuebing, F., Nigh, E. A., Kane, C. G., Sabatini, M. E., Kiebler, M., & Greenberg, M. E. (2006). A brain-specific microRNA regulates dendritic spine development. Nature, 439(7074), 283–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jelaska, D. (2012). Gears and Gear Drives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zlotnik Shaul, R. (Ed.). (2014). Paediatric Patient and Family-Centred Care: Ethical and Legal Issues (Vol. 57). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Y. S., Malek, F., Cheng, E. M., Liu, W. W., Wee, F. H., Iqbal, M. N., Zahid, L., Abdullah, F., Abdullah, A. Z., Noorpi, N. S., Mokhtar, N. M., & Jusoh, M. A. (2015). Composites Based on Rice Husk Ash/Polyester for Use as Microwave Absorber. In H. A. Sulaiman, M. A. Othman, M. Z. A. Abd. Aziz, & M. F. Abd Malek (Eds.), Theory and Applications of Applied Electromagnetics: APPEIC 2014 (pp. 41–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 14). Drones Are Delivering Blood And Vaccines Around The Clock In Rwanda. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). NASA: Enhanced Use Leasing Program Needs Additional Controls (GAO-07-306R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, D. J. (2010). How the Lead Systems Integrator Experience Should Enhance Efforts to Rebuild the Defense Acquisition Workforce [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 20). Yankees Need One Of Those Comebacks. New York Times, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zoller, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Overpeck & Udall, 2010; Zoller, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Overpeck & Udall, 2010)
  • Three authors: (McNamara et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schratt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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