How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). PHYSICS: Will NIF Live Up to Its Name? Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5482), 1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hetz, S. K., & Bradley, T. J. (2005). Insects breathe discontinuously to avoid oxygen toxicity. Nature, 433(7025), 516–519.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, A. M., Nadeau, R. M., & Bürgmann, R. (2009). Tremor-tide correlations and near-lithostatic pore pressure on the deep San Andreas fault. Nature, 462(7276), 1048–1051.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Osyczka, A., Moser, C. C., Daldal, F., & Dutton, P. L. (2004). Reversible redox energy coupling in electron transfer chains. Nature, 427(6975), 607–612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., & Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Leitão, J., & Alves, H. (Eds.). (2016). Entrepreneurial and Innovative Practices in Public Institutions: A Quality of Life Approach. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, N., & Saha, A. K. (2014). Analysing Meteorological and Vegetative Drought in Gujarat. In M. Singh, R. B. Singh, & M. I. Hassan (Eds.), Climate Change and Biodiversity: Proceedings of IGU Rohtak Conference, Vol. 1 (pp. 61–71). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 11). Meet the World’s Grumpiest Frog. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). DHS Science and Technology: Additional Steps Needed to Ensure Test and Evaluation Requirements Are Met (GAO-11-596). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, A. M. (2006). Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2017, April 11). Level Up. New York Times, MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hetz & Bradley, 2005; Seife, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hetz & Bradley, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Thomas et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Osyczka et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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