How to format your references using the Journal of Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montagnier, L. (2002). Historical essay. A history of HIV discovery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1727–1728.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neill, B. C., & Oppenheimer, M. (2002). Climate change. Dangerous climate impacts and the Kyoto Protocol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 1971–1972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suda, M., Kato, R., & Yamamoto, H. M. (2015). Superconductivity. Light-induced superconductivity using a photoactive electric double layer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6223), 743–746.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, S., Ho, S. C., Lam, T.-P., Woo, J., Yuen, P. Y., Qin, L., & Ku, S. (2013). Development and validation of a lifetime exposure questionnaire for use among Chinese populations. Scientific Reports, 3, 2793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2015). Modeling the Effect of Damage in Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kocaoğlu, M., Tsuchiya, H., & Eralp, L. (Eds.). (2015). Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stubberud, S. C., & Teranishi, A. M. (2014). Estimation for Target Tracking Using a Control Theoretic Approach – Part I. In J. Swiątek, A. Grzech, P. Swiątek, & J. M. Tomczak (Eds.), Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013) (pp. 35–43). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 21). New Funeral Service Dissolves Dead People And Dumps Remains Into Sewer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Limited Progress in Development of Business Enterprise Architecture and Oversight of Information Technology Investments (GAO-04-731R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randolph, J. L. (2017). A Mixed-Methods Investigation of FMS Shoulder Mobility and Reported Upper Body Injury in Collegiate Football Athletes at a Division II Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, May 1). Cameras, Action and Even Lights. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montagnier, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Montagnier, 2002; O’Neill & Oppenheimer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Neill & Oppenheimer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Suda et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Research
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Res.
ISSN (print)0148-2963

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