How to format your references using the Materials Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Capturing competencies, Nature. 421 (2003) 871.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.G. Ahn, K.A. Resing, Cell biology. Lessons in rational drug design for protein kinases, Science. 308 (2005) 1266–1267.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Meylan, J. Tschopp, M. Karin, Intracellular pattern recognition receptors in the host response, Nature. 442 (2006) 39–44.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Menuz, K.S. Howell, S. Gentina, S. Epstein, I. Riezman, M. Fornallaz-Mulhauser, M.O. Hengartner, M. Gomez, H. Riezman, J.-C. Martinou, Protection of C. elegans from anoxia by HYL-2 ceramide synthase, Science. 324 (2009) 381–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Zhang, D. Qiu, Sneak Circuits of Power Electronic Converters, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2014.
An edited book
S. Konstantinidis, ed., Implementation and Application of Automata: 18th International Conference, CIAA 2013, Halifax, NS, Canada, July 16-19, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Zhang, R. Bai, Research of FMCW for Perfect Binary Sequences Pairs, in: D. Jin, S. Lin (Eds.), Advances in Mechanical and Electronic Engineering: Volume 3, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 21–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery.

Blog post
J. Fang, Geese Fly Over Himalayas Using Rollercoaster Strategy, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Oversight of State Medicaid Management Information Systems Could Be Further Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.Q. Weaver, Relationships between leadership practices of founders and successors and economic performance of select family businesses, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Neuman, In Colombia, Two Warring Officials Provide a Portrait of a Nation’s Political Divide, New York Times. (2014) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles