How to format your references using the Materials Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Harmon, Journal club. An evolutionary biologist ponders the pace of evolution, Nature. 463 (2010) 1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.J. Matear, B.I. McNeil, Comment on “Preindustrial to modern interdecadal variability in coral reef pH,” Science. 314 (2006) 595.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.G. Tuthill, J.D. Monnier, W.C. Danchi, A dusty torus around the luminous young star LkH alpha101, Nature. 409 (2001) 1012–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Enard, M. Przeworski, S.E. Fisher, C.S.L. Lai, V. Wiebe, T. Kitano, A.P. Monaco, S. Pääbo, Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language, Nature. 418 (2002) 869–872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Köhler, H. Bässler, Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
B. Fultz, Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials, Third Edition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
K.R. Makke, J. Thangakumar, B.V. Suresh Reddy, Y. Somaiah, Enhancing Data Caching in Ad-hoc Networks Through Benefit-Based Technique, in: S. Sathiakumar, L.K. Awasthi, M.R. Masillamani, S.S. Sridhar (Eds.), Proceedings of International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications: ICICIC Global 2012, Springer India, New Delhi, 2014: pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Thanks To Reduced Solar Activity, We Could Be Heading For A Mini Ice Age In 2030, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA’s Deep Space Network: Current Management Structure Is Not Conducive to Effectively Matching Resources with Future Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Park, Borderland beyond: Korean migrants and the creation of a modern state boundary between Korea and Russia, 1860-1937, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Comics Series Ending, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles