How to format your references using the Materials Discovery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Discovery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.F. Stevens, An evolutionary scaling law for the primate visual system and its basis in cortical function, Nature. 411 (2001) 193–195.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Stechmann, T. Cavalier-Smith, Rooting the eukaryote tree by using a derived gene fusion, Science. 297 (2002) 89–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.R. Young, S. Zieger, A.V. Babanin, Global trends in wind speed and wave height, Science. 332 (2011) 451–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V.J. Orphan, C.H. House, K.U. Hinrichs, K.D. McKeegan, E.F. DeLong, Methane-consuming archaea revealed by directly coupled isotopic and phylogenetic analysis, Science. 293 (2001) 484–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Yevick, H. Yevick, Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
J. Branke, K. Deb, K. Miettinen, R. Słowiński, eds., Multiobjective Optimization: Interactive and Evolutionary Approaches, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Laghi, P. Paolantonio, M. Rengo, P. Lucchesi, Artifacts in MR-Angiography, in: E. Neri, M. Cosottini, D. Caramella (Eds.), MR Angiography of the Body, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Discovery.

Blog post
J. Fang, Tiny Meat-Eating Dinosaur Discovered in Jurassic Welsh Rocks, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Efforts To Comply With P.L. 94-142 and Selected Youth Services Administration Management Functions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Rodriguez, A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Court Upholds Child Pornography Law, Despite Free Speech Concerns, New York Times. (2008) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Discovery
ISSN (print)2352-9245

Other styles