How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kyriacou, C.P. (2009) - Physiology. Unraveling traveling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1629-1630.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szolnoki, A., & Perc, M. (2014) - Defection and extortion as unexpected catalysts of unconditional cooperation in structured populations. Scientific Reports, 4, 5496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ren, A., Rajashankar, K.R., & Patel, D.J. (2012) - Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch. Nature, 486(7401), 85-89.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pillitteri, L.J., Sloan, D.B., Bogenschutz, N.L., & Torii, K.U. (2007) - Termination of asymmetric cell division and differentiation of stomata. Nature, 445(7127), 501-505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldstein, A.P. (2004) - The Psychology of Group Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bowyer, G., & Cole, A. (Eds.) (2014) - Selected References in Trauma and Orthopaedics. Springer, London, XXII, 382 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Thakker, D., Dimitrova, V., Lau, L., Yang-Turner, F., & Despotakis, D. (2014) - Making Sense of Linked Data: A Semantic Exploration Approach In: Karacapilidis, N. (Ed.) - Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and practical applications in the Dicode project:71-87. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 13) - The Giant Rings Of An Exoplanet Are Spinning The Wrong Way Round. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) - Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government (No. JFMIP-ET-98-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ambaw, Y. (2017) - Promoting the well-being of black student athletes: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2002, November 10) - Voice of Calm. New York Times, p. 625.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kyriacou 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kyriacou 2009; Szolnoki & Perc 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szolnoki & Perc 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pillitteri et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

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