How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreiter, A. (2014) - Science at the sharp end of oppressive politics. Nature, 506(7487), 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gundersen, G.G., & Bretscher, A. (2003) - Cell biology. Microtubule asymmetry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5628), 2040-2041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng, G.-M., Wu, L.-A., & Xing, H.-J. (2014) - Symmetry restoration and quantumness reestablishment. Scientific Reports, 4, 6377.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dumestre, F., Chaudret, B., Amiens, C., Renaud, P., & Fejes, P. (2004) - Superlattices of iron nanocubes synthesized from Fe[N(SiMe3)2]2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 821-823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cazdyn, E., & Szeman, I. (2011) - After Globalization. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Martínez-Avendaño, R.A. (2007) - An Introduction to Operators on the Hardy-Hilbert Space:Vol. 237. Springer, New York, NY, XII, 220 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Refsdal, A., Solhaug, B., & Stølen, K. (2015) - Cybersecurity In: Solhaug, B. & Stølen, K. (Eds.) - Cyber-Risk Management:29-32. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, August 14) - Boulder Leaves Dotted Line Trail On Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) - Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards (No. RCED-92-179). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Y. (2012) - Three essays on econometrics (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2007, August 26) - Eye Spy. New York Times, p. 6228.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreiter 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gundersen & Bretscher 2003; Kreiter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gundersen & Bretscher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dumestre et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

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