How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2007) - Hub of alternative energy. Nature, 446(7131), 106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aizer, A., & Currie, J. (2014) - The intergenerational transmission of inequality: maternal disadvantage and health at birth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 856-861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winn, J.N., Rusin, D., & Kochanek, C.S. (2004) - The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature, 427(6975), 613-615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rogaev, E.I., Grigorenko, A.P., Faskhutdinova, G., Kittler, E.L.W., & Moliaka, Y.K. (2009) - Genotype analysis identifies the cause of the “royal disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, R.J. (2012) - Simple Tools and Techniques for Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Guo, S., Liao, X., Liu, F., & Zhu, Y. (Eds.) (2016) - Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications, and Worksharing: 11th International Conference, CollaborateCom 2015, Wuhan, November 10-11, 2015, China. Proceedings:1st ed. 2016, Vol. 163. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XI, 336 p. 142 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, X., & Whittaker, G.R. (2013) - Entry of Influenza Virus In: Pöhlmann, S. & Simmons, G. (Eds.) - Viral Entry into Host Cells:72-82. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, March 6) - New Contraceptive Lasts For Three Months And Protects Against HIV And Pregnancy. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) - Space Station: National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s 1987 Cost Estimate (No. NSIAD-87-180FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten, D.K. (2013) - An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2017, August 28) - How to File a Claim For Flood Damage. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Aizer & Currie 2014; Gewin 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aizer & Currie 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rogaev et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

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