How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P. (2013) - Technology: Mobility machines. Nature, 503(7475), S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hale, M.S., & Rivkin, R.B. (2006) - Comment on “Nature of phosphorus limitation in the ultraoligotrophic eastern Mediterranean.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1748; author reply 1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelupessy, P., Rennella, E., & Bodenhausen, G. (2009) - High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5935), 1693-1697.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhisheng, A., Kutzbach, J.E., Prell, W.L., & Porter, S.C. (2001) - Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times. Nature, 411(6833), 62-66.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, P.P. (2008) - FPGA Prototyping by Verilog Examples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fortis, M. (2015) - The Automatic Packaging Machinery Sector in Italy and Germany. Springer International Publishing, Cham, VI, 55 p. 16 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Taitslin, A. (2013) - The Competing Sources of Aquinas’ Natural Law: Aristotle, Roman Law and the Early Christian Fathers In: Contreras, F.J. (Ed.) - The Threads of Natural Law: Unravelling a Philosophical Tradition:47-63. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 14) - No, A Study Hasn’t Found That Smoking Weed Gives You Diabetes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) - [Comments on Proposed FAR Changes] (No. B-221098). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoover, J.H. (2009) - The Arizona water-energy nexus: Electricity for water and wastewater services (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, September 3) - A Love of Science Fiction Collides With a Classic. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gwynne 2013; Hale & Rivkin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hale & Rivkin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhisheng et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

Other styles