How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts, B. (2003) - DNA replication and recombination. Nature, 421(6921), 431-435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rash, B.G., & Rakic, P. (2014) - Neuroscience. Genetic resolutions of brain convolutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6172), 744-745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, J., Carlson, B.E., & Del Genio, A.D. (2002) - Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5556), 838-841.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, A., Jones, R., Liao, L., Samara-Rubio, D., Rubin, D., Cohen, O., Nicolaescu, R., & Paniccia, M. (2004) - A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor. Nature, 427(6975), 615-618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim, M.L.C. (2008) - Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schmidt, A.U., Russello, G., Krontiris, I., & Lian, S. (Eds.) (2012) - Security and Privacy in Mobile Information and Communication Systems: 4th International Conference, MobiSec 2012, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, June 25-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers:Vol. 107. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, VIII, 130 p. 29 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hilton, A. (2014) - Teacher to Academic In: Lemon, N. & Garvis, S. (Eds.) - Being “In and Out”: Providing Voice to Early Career Women in Academia:31-42. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 10) - Chimps Found Drinking Booze In The Wild. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) - Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process (No. RCED-96-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter, R.A. (2017) - Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017, June 8) - Was It ‘Normal New York City Conversation’? Did Trump Speak Fast? New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alberts 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alberts 2003; Rash & Rakic 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rash & Rakic 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

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