How to format your references using the Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (RIPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burgess, D. (2007) - Taking on that first faculty job. Nature, 447(7148), 1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramachandran, V., & Chen, X. (2008) - Degradation of microRNAs by a family of exoribonucleases in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1490-1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, Z.L., Cheong, C.-G., & Lee, S.-Y. (2012) - Crystal structure of a concentrative nucleoside transporter from Vibrio cholerae at 2.4 Å. Nature, 483(7390), 489-493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brandl, K., Plitas, G., Mihu, C.N., Ubeda, C., Jia, T., Fleisher, M., Schnabl, B., DeMatteo, R.P., & Pamer, E.G. (2008) - Vancomycin-resistant enterococci exploit antibiotic-induced innate immune deficits. Nature, 455(7214), 804-807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly, R. (2008) - Practical Text Mining with Perl. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lee, R. (Ed.) (2016) - Applied Computing & Information Technology:Vol. 619. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIII, 194 p. 111 illus., 41 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Khelalef, A., Ababsa, F., & Benoudjit, N. (2016) - A Simple Human Activity Recognition Technique Using DCT In: Blanc-Talon, J., Distante, C., Philips, W., Popescu, D., & Scheunders, P. (Eds.) - Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 17th International Conference, ACIVS 2016, Lecce, Italy, October 24-27, 2016, Proceedings:37-46. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, September 19) - Gamers Beat Scientists To Discover Proteins’ Shapes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) - Telecommunications: Information on Participation in the Rural Health Care Pilot Program (GAO-11-25SP, November 2010), an E-supplement to GAO-11-27 (No. GAO-11-25SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venegas Carro, G.I. (2017) - The Slow Movements of Anton Bruckner’s Symphonies: Dialogical Perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J. (2017, July 26) - Daughter of Slain Police Officer Is Born, Two Years After Her Father’s Death. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burgess 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Burgess 2007; Ramachandran & Chen 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramachandran & Chen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Brandl et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
ISSN (print)0035-6883
ISSN (online)2039-4942

Other styles