How to format your references using the Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moran MA. The global ocean microbiome. Science. 2015 Dec 11;350(6266):aac8455.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ho L, Crabtree GR. Chromatin remodelling during development. Nature. 2010 Jan 28;463(7280):474–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kiger AA, White-Cooper H, Fuller MT. Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature. 2000 Oct 12;407(6805):750–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Maeshima Y, Sudhakar A, Lively JC, Ueki K, Kharbanda S, Kahn CR, et al. Tumstatin, an endothelial cell-specific inhibitor of protein synthesis. Science. 2002 Jan 4;295(5552):140–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ibe OC. Elements of Random Walk and Diffusion Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Sethi SP. Inventory and Supply Chain Management with Forecast Updates. Yan H, Zhang H, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. XVIII, 292 p. (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; vol. 81).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
DeMaria S, Levine AI. The Use of Stress to Enrich the Simulated Environment. In: Levine AI, DeMaria S, Schwartz AD, Sim AJ, editors. The Comprehensive Textbook of Healthcare Simulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 65–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica).

Blog post
1.
Evans K. 14 Bizarre Sleeping Habits Of Super-Successful People [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/14-bizarre-sleeping-habits-of-supersuccessful-people/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Career Education: Status and Needed Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jan. Report No.: MWD-76-81.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hurwitz BL. Viral community dynamics and functional specialization in the Pacific Ocean [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. A Different Kind of Dystopian Novel. New York Times. 2017 Feb 19;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica)
ISSN (print)1790-7306
Scope

Other styles