How to format your references using the Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yavuz DD. Physics. Toward synthesis of arbitrary optical waveforms. Science. 2011 Mar 4;331(6021):1142–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gillespie PG, Walker RG. Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction. Nature. 2001 Sep 13;413(6852):194–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li B, Yu Z-H, Fei S-M. Geometry of quantum computation with qutrits. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2594.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Croll DA, Clark CW, Acevedo A, Tershy B, Flores S, Gedamke J, et al. Only male fin whales sing loud songs. Nature. 2002 Jun 20;417(6891):809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Furger C. Live Cell Assays. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Misra AA. Tectonic Inheritance in Continental Rifts and Passive Margins. Mukherjee S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 88 p. 39 illus., 16 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ash JM. Victor Shapiro and the Theory of Uniqueness for Multiple Trigonometric Series. In: Pereyra MC, Marcantognini S, Stokolos AM, Urbina W, editors. Harmonic Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Complex Analysis, Banach Spaces, and Operator Theory (Volume 1): Celebrating Cora Sadosky’s life. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 123–32. (Association for Women in Mathematics Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica).

Blog post
1.
Hale T. What The Hell Is This Prehistoric-Looking Prawn Fish? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-the-hell-is-this-prehistoriclooking-prawn-fish/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Achieving Greater Economies in Data Processing in Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jun. Report No.: 115926.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dixon LK. Tracing anthropogenic wastes: Detection of fluorescent optical brighteners in a gradient of natural organic matter fluorescence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. When John Lennon Was Starting Over. New York Times. 2015 Oct 9;C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHospital Chronicles (Nosokomiaka Chronica)
ISSN (print)1790-7306
Scope

Other styles