How to format your references using the Computer Vision and Image Understanding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Vision and Image Understanding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thompson, J.K., 2015. Quantum physics: Atomic doughnuts from single photons. Nature 519, 420–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuriyan, J., Eisenberg, D., 2007. The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization. Nature 450, 983–990.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kellis, M., Birren, B.W., Lander, E.S., 2004. Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 428, 617–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, X., Gao, J., Li, F., Wang, J., 2014. Evidence of horizontal transfer of non-autonomous Lep1 Helitrons facilitated by host-parasite interactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 5119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.T., 1999. Methods of Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Deb, S. (Ed.), 2016. Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Dalmasso, J., Flottes, M.-L., Rouzeyre, B., 2009. Compression-based SoC Test Infrastructures, in: Hasler, P., Mooney, V., Reis, R. (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: Advanced Topics on Systems on a Chip: A Selection of Extended Versions of the Best Papers of the Fourteenth International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration of System on Chip (VLSI-SoC2007), October 15-17, 2007, Atlanta, USA, IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 1–15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Vision and Image Understanding.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. We’re About To See A Reused SpaceX Rocket Launch For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Should Be Reassessed (No. GAO-13-610T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt, S., 2017. Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rockwell, J., 2017. Berlin Stories. New York Times BR49.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thompson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kuriyan and Eisenberg, 2007; Thompson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuriyan and Eisenberg, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Vision and Image Understanding
AbbreviationComput. Vis. Image Underst.
ISSN (print)1077-3142
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing

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