How to format your references using the Seminars in Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
May M. Antibiotics. Nature. 2014;509(7498):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sachdev S, Starykh OA. Thermally fluctuating superconductors in two dimensions. Nature. 2000;405(6784):322-325.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Helle S, Lummaa V, Jokela J. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science. 2002;296(5570):1085.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Warita K, Warita T, Beckwitt CH, et al. Statin-induced mevalonate pathway inhibition attenuates the growth of mesenchymal-like cancer cells that lack functional E-cadherin mediated cell cohesion. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sandén BI. Design of Multithreaded Software. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Crescenzi R, Percoco M, eds. Geography, Institutions and Regional Economic Performance. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chen PC, Kim YC. Linkages of Cross-Functional Units in Different Types of Subsidiaries. In: Kim YC, ed. US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry. Understanding China. Springer International Publishing; 2016:183-212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Perinatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Chemist Demonstrates Liquid Nitrogen Edition of ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. IFLScience. Published September 4, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/chemist-demonstrates-liquid-nitrogen-edition-als-ice-bucket-challenge/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vail AS. The Gift of Noetic Image: Spontaneous Imagery and Psychological Well-Being in Women with Breast Cancer. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Excuses, Excuses and Style Points for Alibis. New York Times. February 2, 2011:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Perinatology
AbbreviationSemin. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0146-0005
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles