How to format your references using the Seminars in Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Knill E. Quantum computing with realistically noisy devices. Nature. 2005;434(7029):39-44.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Luksza M, Lässig M. A predictive fitness model for influenza. Nature. 2014;507(7490):57-61.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lawrence KT, Liu Z, Herbert TD. Evolution of the eastern tropical Pacific through Plio-Pleistocene glaciation. Science. 2006;312(5770):79-83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li F, Cowley DO, Banner D, Holle E, Zhang L, Su L. Efficient genetic manipulation of the NOD-Rag1-/-IL2RgammaC-null mouse by combining in vitro fertilization and CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zheng Y, Xu X, Xu Z, Wang J, Cai H. Metallic Biomaterials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Nava S. Ventilazione Meccanica Non Invasiva: Come, Quando e Perché. (Fanfulla F, ed.). Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yusnita MA, Paulraj MP, Yaacob S, Shahriman AB, Yusuf R, Nordin S. On the Use of Spectral Feature Fusions for Enhanced Performance of Malaysian English Accents Classification. In: Yacob NA, Mohamed M, Megat Hanafiah MAK, eds. Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology. Springer; 2016:35-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Perinatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Of Course Space Exploration Is Worth The Money. IFLScience. Published June 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/course-space-exploration-worth-money/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Student Financial Aid: Use of Middleware for Systems Integration Holds Promise. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Garcia MJ. Teacher knowledge of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and effective classroom interventions. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. July 21, 2017:MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Perinatology
AbbreviationSemin. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0146-0005
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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