How to format your references using the Seminars in Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JS. Materials chemistry: carbon origami. Nature. 2012;486(7403):327-328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crida A, Charnoz S. Formation of regular satellites from ancient massive rings in the solar system. Science. 2012;338(6111):1196-1199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ash C, Foley J, Pennisi E. Microbial ecology. Lost in microbial space. Special section introduction. Science. 2008;320(5879):1027.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Glotch TD, Lucey PG, Bandfield JL, et al. Highly silicic compositions on the Moon. Science. 2010;329(5998):1510-1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tavakoli JM. Structured Finance and Collateralized Debt Obligations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Scott-Conner CEH, ed. The SAGES Manual of Strategic Decision Making: Case Studies in Minimal Access Surgery. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Biondi A, Testi AM, Gibson BES. Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia. In: Houghton PJ, Arceci RJ, eds. Molecularly Targeted Therapy for Childhood Cancer. Springer; 2010:83-108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Perinatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Russia has Released an Official Guide on how to Stay Safe... When Taking a Selfie. IFLScience. Published July 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of ADP Equipment Operated by Three or Four Typical Government Contractors. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham RB. Processing and Inpainting of Sparse Data as Applied to Atomic Force Microscopy Imaging. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83. New York Times. October 19, 2011:B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Perinatology
AbbreviationSemin. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0146-0005
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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