How to format your references using the Ricerche di Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ricerche di Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gutchess, A.: Plasticity of the aging brain: new directions in cognitive neuroscience. Science. 346, 579–582 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Fainman, Y., Porter, G.: Applied physics. Directing data center traffic. Science. 342, 202–203 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Quax, R., Kandhai, D., Sloot, P.M.A.: Information dissipation as an early-warning signal for the Lehman Brothers collapse in financial time series. Sci. Rep. 3, 1898 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ponton, F., Lebarbenchon, C., Lefèvre, T., Biron, D.G., Duneau, D., Hughes, D.P., Thomas, F.: Parasitology: parasite survives predation on its host. Nature. 440, 756 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen, H.: Infections Causing Human Cancer. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Daniels, J.M., Dexter, W.W. eds: Basics of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
From, P.J., Gravdahl, J.T., Pettersen, K.Y.: Kinematics of Manipulators on a Fixed Base. In: Gravdahl, J.T. and Pettersen, K.Y. (eds.) Vehicle-Manipulator Systems: Modeling for Simulation, Analysis, and Control. pp. 125–167. Springer, London (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ricerche di Matematica.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Poachers Are Using Scientific Papers To Locate Endangered Species’ Whereabouts,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Emergency Communications: National Communications System Provides Programs for Priority Calling, but Planning for New Initiatives and Performance Measurement Could be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurum, M.: L-band estimation of forest canopy attenuation by a time-domain analysis of radar backscatter response, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRicerche di Matematica
AbbreviationRic. Mat.
ISSN (print)0035-5038
ISSN (online)1827-3491
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics

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