How to format your references using the Ricerche di Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ricerche di Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang, T.: Ebola: Embed research in outbreak response. Nature. 524, 29–31 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hightower, M., Pierce, S.A.: The energy challenge. Nature. 452, 285–286 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bleichert, F., Botchan, M.R., Berger, J.M.: Crystal structure of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex. Nature. 519, 321–326 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scott, J.J., Oh, D.-C., Yuceer, M.C., Klepzig, K.D., Clardy, J., Currie, C.R.: Bacterial protection of beetle-fungus mutualism. Science. 322, 63 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berk, J.: Cost Reduction and Optimization for Manufacturing and Industrial Companies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Schuur, E.A.G., Druffel, E., Trumbore, S.E. eds: Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechanisms, Applications and Laboratory Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Nataro, J.P.: Diarrhea Among Children in Developing Countries. In: Curtis, N., Finn, A., and Pollard, A.J. (eds.) Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX. pp. 73–80. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ricerche di Matematica.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Study Reveals How Birth Order Influences Personality,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Medical ADP Systems: Analysis of Technical Aspects of DOD’s Composite Health Care System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harper, N.R.: The Relationship between Worry Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder and True Memory, False Memory, and Metamemory, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Chamberlain Proves No Match For Rally Monkey, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRicerche di Matematica
AbbreviationRic. Mat.
ISSN (print)0035-5038
ISSN (online)1827-3491
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics

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