How to format your references using the Ricerche di Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ricerche di Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, L.: Global health hits crisis point. Nature. 482, 7 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang, J.-H., John, S.: Photonic architectures for equilibrium high-temperature Bose-Einstein condensation in dichalcogenide monolayers. Sci. Rep. 4, 7432 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gil, S., Kott, A., Barabási, A.-L.: A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci. Rep. 4, 5659 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phanse, Y., Carrillo-Conde, B.R., Ramer-Tait, A.E., Broderick, S., Kong, C.S., Rajan, K., Flick, R., Mandell, R.B., Narasimhan, B., Wannemuehler, M.J.: A systems approach to designing next generation vaccines: combining α-galactose modified antigens with nanoparticle platforms. Sci. Rep. 4, 3775 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kindmann, R., Kraus, M.: Steel Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany (2012)
An edited book
Barceló, J.A., Del Castillo, F. eds: Simulating Prehistoric and Ancient Worlds. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Carro, L.P., Golano, P., Escajadillo, N.F., Vallejo, M.R., de Diego, V., Pesquera, L.C.: Normal Articular Anatomy. In: Kim, Y.-J. and Mamisch, T.C. (eds.) Hip Magnetic Resonance Imaging. pp. 57–72. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ricerche di Matematica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Five Synthetic Materials With The Power To Change The World,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2017)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris, F.A.: International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: What Did Chekhov Know? Quite a Lot, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRicerche di Matematica
AbbreviationRic. Mat.
ISSN (print)0035-5038
ISSN (online)1827-3491
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics

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