How to format your references using the Ricerche di Matematica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ricerche di Matematica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Covington, W.W.: Helping western forests heal. Nature. 408, 135–136 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamber, B.S., Kramers, J.D.: Geochemistry: how well can Pb isotopes date core formation? Nature. 444, E1-2; discussion E2-3 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen, L.N., Zimmerman, M.E., Kohlstedt, D.L.: Laboratory measurements of the viscous anisotropy of olivine aggregates. Nature. 492, 415–418 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, B., Song, Z., Wang, H., Li, Z., Jiang, P., Zhou, G.: Lithological control on phytolith carbon sequestration in moso bamboo forests. Sci. Rep. 4, 5262 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duggan, D.: Enterprise Software Architecture and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Holmes, T.P., Prestemon, J.P., Abt, K.L. eds: The Economics of Forest Disturbances: Wildfires, Storms, and Invasive Species. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
McSweeney, P.J., Mehrotra, K., Oh, J.C.: A Force-Directed Layout for Community Detection with Automatic Clusterization. In: Takadama, K., Cioffi-Revilla, C., and Deffuant, G. (eds.) Simulating Interacting Agents and Social Phenomena: The Second World Congress. pp. 49–63. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ricerche di Matematica.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: How We Found ‘Prehistoric Beaver’ That Helped Mammals Inherit Earth After Dinosaurs Were Wiped Out


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA: Better Mechanisms Needed for Sharing Lessons Learned. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belcher, J.T.: Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Davis, J.H.: U.S. Ends Program Giving ‘Dreamers’ Legal Protection, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRicerche di Matematica
AbbreviationRic. Mat.
ISSN (print)0035-5038
ISSN (online)1827-3491
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics

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