How to format your references using the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju, Gautam R. 2003. “In Search of Clarity.” Nature 423 (6939): 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibson, B. K., and C. Flynn. 2001. “White Dwarfs and Dark Matter.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5525): 2211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carbotte, S. M., C. Small, and K. Donnelly. 2004. “The Influence of Ridge Migration on the Magmatic Segmentation of Mid-Ocean Ridges.” Nature 429 (6993): 743–746.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kawate, Toshimitsu, Jennifer Carlisle Michel, William T. Birdsong, and Eric Gouaux. 2009. “Crystal Structure of the ATP-Gated P2X(4) Ion Channel in the Closed State.” Nature 460 (7255): 592–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collier, Christopher G. 2016. Hydrometeorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Halpin, Terry, John Krogstie, Selmin Nurcan, Erik Proper, Rainer Schmidt, Pnina Soffer, and Roland Ukor, eds. 2009. Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 10th International Workshop, BPMDS 2009, and 14th International Conference, EMMSAD 2009, Held at CAiSE 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 8-9, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 29. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hyysalo, Jarkko, Jari Lehto, Sanja Aaramaa, and Markus Kelanti. 2013. “Supporting Cognitive Work in Software Development Workflows.” In Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 14th International Conference, PROFES 2013, Paphos, Cyprus, June 12-14, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Jens Heidrich, Markku Oivo, Andreas Jedlitschka, and Maria Teresa Baldassarre, 20–34. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Early Humans Had Gender Equal Societies.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Air Traffic Control: Characteristics and Performance of Selected International Air Navigation Service Providers and Lessons Learned from Their Commercialization. GAO-05-769. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales, Rachel Ann. 2010. “Health Care Team Effectiveness: The Relationship between Team Task Interdependence and Group Emotional Competence.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scott, Mark. 2017. “Google Is Fined $2.7 Billion for Crowding Out European Rivals.” New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Desiraju 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Desiraju 2003; Gibson and Flynn 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibson and Flynn 2001)
  • Three authors: (Carbotte, Small, and Donnelly 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kawate et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInter-Asia Cultural Studies
ISSN (print)1464-9373
ISSN (online)1469-8447
ScopeCultural Studies

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