How to format your references using the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perrin, Marshall D. 2015. “Astrophysics: Surprisingly Fast Motions in a Dust Disk.” Nature 526 (7572): 204–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hidalgo, Cecilia, and Paulina Donoso. 2011. “Cell Signaling. Getting to the Heart of Mechanotransduction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6048): 1388–1390.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwarz, Günter, Ralf R. Mendel, and Markus W. Ribbe. 2009. “Molybdenum Cofactors, Enzymes and Pathways.” Nature 460 (7257): 839–847.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rodgers, Joseph T., Carlos Lerin, Wilhelm Haas, Steven P. Gygi, Bruce M. Spiegelman, and Pere Puigserver. 2005. “Nutrient Control of Glucose Homeostasis through a Complex of PGC-1alpha and SIRT1.” Nature 434 (7029): 113–118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, Cecil L. 2009. Basic Process Measurements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mattiasson, Bo, and Lei Ye, eds. 2015. Molecularly Imprinted Polymers in Biotechnology. Vol. 150. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
James, John T. 2016. “Toxicology.” In Space Physiology and Medicine: From Evidence to Practice, edited by Arnauld E. Nicogossian, Richard S. Williams, Carolyn L. Huntoon, Charles R. Doarn, James D. Polk, and Victor S. Schneider, 137–153. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Disney Princesses Reimagined As Dinosaurs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Space Acquisitions: DOD Faces Substantial Challenges in Developing New Space Systems. GAO-09-705T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowetski, Daniel Bernard. 2012. “Manipulation of DNA Topology Using an Artificial DNA-Looping Protein.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2016. “Fighting It Out in a Race for the Perfect Wheelchair.” New York Times, September 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perrin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Perrin 2015; Hidalgo and Donoso 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hidalgo and Donoso 2011)
  • Three authors: (Schwarz, Mendel, and Ribbe 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rodgers et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInter-Asia Cultural Studies
ISSN (print)1464-9373
ISSN (online)1469-8447
ScopeCultural Studies

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