How to format your references using the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radford, Tim. 2011. “Of Course Scientists Can Communicate.” Nature 469 (7331): 445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao, Jie-Qiao, and Franco Nori. 2014. “Single-Photon Quadratic Optomechanics.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uraguchi, Daisuke, Yusuke Ueki, and Takashi Ooi. 2009. “Chiral Organic Ion Pair Catalysts Assembled through a Hydrogen-Bonding Network.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5949): 120–123.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gore, Jeff, Zev Bryant, Marcelo Nöllmann, Mai U. Le, Nicholas R. Cozzarelli, and Carlos Bustamante. 2006. “DNA Overwinds When Stretched.” Nature 442 (7104): 836–839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd, Kevin. 2005. Measuring Market Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Dincer, Ibrahim, Adnan Midilli, and Haydar Kucuk, eds. 2014. Progress in Sustainable Energy Technologies: Generating Renewable Energy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mair, George. 2016. “What Is the Impact of Probation in Advising Sentencing and Promoting Community Sanctions and Measures?” In Probation: 12 Essential Questions, edited by Fergus McNeill, Ioan Durnescu, and René Butter, 61–83. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Is The Molecular Clock?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Highway Safety: Trends in Highway Fatalities 1975-1987. PEMD-90-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, Alexis. 2010. “Scribblins.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2017. “Cinéma Spirité: Dinner and Drinks at the Movies.” New York Times, January 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radford 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Radford 2011; Liao and Nori 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liao and Nori 2014)
  • Three authors: (Uraguchi, Ueki, and Ooi 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gore et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInter-Asia Cultural Studies
ISSN (print)1464-9373
ISSN (online)1469-8447
ScopeCultural Studies

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