How to format your references using the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2014. “Europe Needs a Research Leader Who Will Lead.” Nature 512 (7512): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eom, Young-Ho, and Hang-Hyun Jo. 2014. “Generalized Friendship Paradox in Complex Networks: The Case of Scientific Collaboration.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kovács, Ágnes Melinda, Erno Téglás, and Ansgar Denis Endress. 2010. “The Social Sense: Susceptibility to Others’ Beliefs in Human Infants and Adults.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6012): 1830–1834.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hagoort, Peter, Lea Hald, Marcel Bastiaansen, and Karl Magnus Petersson. 2004. “Integration of Word Meaning and World Knowledge in Language Comprehension.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5669): 438–441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, Michael J. 2011. Porous Silicon in Practice. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wickramasinghe, Nilmini, Indrit Troshani, and Joseph Tan, eds. 2016. Contemporary Consumer Health Informatics. Healthcare Delivery in the Information Age. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruland, Karl Christoph, and Jochen Sassmannshausen. 2015. “Non-Repudiation Services for the MMS Protocol of IEC 61850.” In Security Standardisation Research: Second International Conference, SSR 2015, Tokyo, Japan, December 15-16, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Liqun Chen and Shin’ichiro Matsuo, 70–85. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inter-Asia Cultural Studies.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Oldest Human Genome Sequenced Reveals Neanderthal Mixing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Bilingual Education: An Unmet Need. MWD-76-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian, Navid Moshe. 2012. “The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. “A Media Odd Couple Determined to Jell.” New York Times, October 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2014; Eom and Jo 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eom and Jo 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kovács, Téglás, and Endress 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hagoort et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInter-Asia Cultural Studies
ISSN (print)1464-9373
ISSN (online)1469-8447
ScopeCultural Studies

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