How to format your references using the Journal of Synchrotron Radiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Synchrotron Radiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paz, J. P. (2003). Science. 302, 2076–2077.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tagle, R. & Claeys, P. (2004). Science. 305, 492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santiago, J., Henzler, C. & Hothorn, M. (2013). Science. 341, 889–892.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Minobe, S., Kuwano-Yoshida, A., Komori, N., Xie, S.-P. & Small, R. J. (2008). Nature. 452, 206–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, M. T. (2005). Reliability and Risk Models Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(2011). Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 7th International Conference, MLDM 2011, New York, NY, USA, August 30 – September 3, 2011. Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marroquín, C., Gaviria, M. & Mejía-Gutiérrez, R. (2016). Product Lifecycle Management for Digital Transformation of Industries: 13th IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2016, Columbia, SC, USA, July 11-13, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. edited by R. Harik, L. Rivest, A. Bernard, B. Eynard & A. Bouras, pp. 32–42. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Synchrotron Radiation.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). The Bizarre Story Of Japan’s First Astronaut IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Briefing on Air Force’s Response on Fee-For-Service Aerial Refueling Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Felice, D. (2013). A Phenomenological Study of Teaching Endangered Languages Online: Perspectives from Nahua and Mayan Educators. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). New York Times. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paz, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Paz, 2003; Tagle & Claeys, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tagle & Claeys, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Minobe et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
AbbreviationJ. Synchrotron Radiat.
ISSN (online)1600-5775
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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