How to format your references using the Journal of Synchrotron Radiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Synchrotron Radiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrli, B. (2013). Nature. 503, 346–347.
A journal article with 2 authors
White, R. J. & Averner, M. (2001). Nature. 409, 1115–1118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sterzik, M. F., Bagnulo, S. & Palle, E. (2012). Nature. 483, 64–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pool, M. R., Stumm, J., Fulga, T. A., Sinning, I. & Dobberstein, B. (2002). Science. 297, 1345–1348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles, J., Smith, A., Begg, R., Buček, M., Roukova, P. & Pástor, R. (2015). Articulations of Capital Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
(2011). Critical Perspectives on Neoliberal Globalization, Development and Education in Africa and Asia Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Axelsen, H. B., Glück, R. & Kaarsgaard, R. (2016). Logic, Language, Information, and Computation: 23rd International Workshop, WoLLIC 2016, Puebla, Mexico, August 16-19th, 2016. Proceedings, Vol. edited by J. Väänänen, Å. Hirvonen & R. de Queiroz, pp. 52–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Synchrotron Radiation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Three New Species of Antechinus Discovered in Australia IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Highway Funding: Alternatives for Distributing Federal Funds Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Othmanawny, G. (2017). Soaked and Unsoaked Performance of Crushed Gravel and Limestone Aggregates. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016). New York Times. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wehrli, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wehrli, 2013; White & Averner, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (White & Averner, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Pool et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Synchrotron Radiation
AbbreviationJ. Synchrotron Radiat.
ISSN (online)1600-5775
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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