How to format your references using the The Journal of Academic Librarianship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Academic Librarianship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plenio, M. B. (2009). Physics. Less is more. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reddy, M. M., & Quinton, P. M. (2003). Control of dynamic CFTR selectivity by glutamate and ATP in epithelial cells. Nature, 423(6941), 756–760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, P.-C., Lin, M.-S., & Lin, C.-F. (2014). Environmentally benign technology for efficient warm-white light emission. Scientific Reports, 4, 5307.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Han, S.-T., Yan, Y., Huang, L.-B., Zhou, L., Huang, J., & Roy, V. A. L. (2013). Solution processed molecular floating gate for flexible flash memories. Scientific Reports, 3, 3093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, B. (2005). Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Curtis, N., Finn, A., & Pollard, A. J. (Eds.). (2013). Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boţ, R. I., Grad, S.-M., & Wanka, G. (2009). Conjugate vector duality via scalarization. In S.-M. Grad & G. Wanka (Eds.), Duality in Vector Optimization (pp. 123–180). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Academic Librarianship.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, March 30). Homeopathic Drops and Pills Recalled Because They Might Contain Real Medicine. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Environmental Satellites: Polar-orbiting Satellite Acquisition Faces Delays; Decisions Needed on Whether and How to Ensure Climate Data Continuity (GAO-08-899T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R. (2010). The California State University education doctorate: Public policy for the public good [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, April 27). Women and the Draft. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plenio, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Plenio, 2009; Reddy & Quinton, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reddy & Quinton, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shen et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Academic Librarianship
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Libr..
ISSN (print)0099-1333
Library and Information Sciences

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