How to format your references using the The Journal of Academic Librarianship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Academic Librarianship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, X. (2004). An embryonic nation. Nature, 428(6979), 210–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiao, L., & Liu, X. (2015). Structural basis of histone H3K27 trimethylation by an active polycomb repressive complex 2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6258), aac4383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaplan, C. D., Laprade, L., & Winston, F. (2003). Transcription elongation factors repress transcription initiation from cryptic sites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1096–1099.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moon, K.-W., Chun, B. S., Kim, W., Qiu, Z. Q., & Hwang, C. (2014). Duffing oscillation-induced reversal of magnetic vortex core by a resonant perpendicular magnetic field. Scientific Reports, 4, 6170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E., Adams, R., & Eustace, D. (2011). Beyond Redundancy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ben-Arieh, A., Casas, F., Frønes, I., & Korbin, J. E. (Eds.). (2014). Handbook of Child Well-Being: Theories, Methods and Policies in Global Perspective. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira, C., & Azari, K. (2015). Replantation of the Digits. In A. N. Salyapongse, S. O. Poore, A. M. Afifi, & M. L. Bentz (Eds.), Extremity Replantation: A Comprehensive Clinical Guide (pp. 49–65). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Academic Librarianship.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 13). What On Earth Are These Mysterious “Space Balls” That Keep Landing In A Village In Spain? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems (B-164031(4)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran, E. S. (2014). Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 9). Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jiao & Liu, 2015; Yang, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiao & Liu, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kaplan et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Moon et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Academic Librarianship
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Libr..
ISSN (print)0099-1333
Library and Information Sciences

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