How to format your references using the The Journal of Academic Librarianship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Academic Librarianship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Mahoney centre set to tackle brain cancer head on. Nature, 406(6795), 546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspari, M., & Weiser, M. D. (2014). Ecology. Meet the new boss, same as the old boss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6174), 974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wall, D. H., Nielsen, U. N., & Six, J. (2015). Soil biodiversity and human health. Nature, 528(7580), 69–76.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Walsh, D. A., Zaikova, E., Howes, C. G., Song, Y. C., Wright, J. J., Tringe, S. G., … Hallam, S. J. (2009). Metagenome of a versatile chemolithoautotroph from expanding oceanic dead zones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, R. B. (2011). 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mak, P.-I. (2012). High-/Mixed-Voltage Analog and RF Circuit Techniques for Nanoscale CMOS. (R. P. Martins, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahn, J.-H. (2014). Analysis of Women Doctorates Entering the Labor Market in Republic of Korea. In H. Park & K.-K. Kim (Eds.), Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts (pp. 59–76). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Academic Librarianship.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 28). Scientists Identify Genes Associated With Violent Crime. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from https://www.iflscience.com/brain/genes-associated-violent-crimes-identified/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Utilization at Aberdeen Proving Ground’s ADP Installation (No. LCD-76-125). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M. E. (2010). Where are the parents: The parent’s perspective of parental involvement in education (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 6). Fangs, Fur and Plenty of Firepower. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2000; Triplett, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaspari & Weiser, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wall, Nielsen, & Six, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saitoh et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Academic Librarianship
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Libr..
ISSN (print)0099-1333
ScopeEducation
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles