How to format your references using the The Journal of Academic Librarianship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Academic Librarianship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, C. J. (2005). Chemistry. Bridging a gap in actinide chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5742), 1823–1824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugavaneshwar, R. P., & Nanda, K. K. (2013). Uninterrupted and reusable source for the controlled growth of nanowires. Scientific Reports, 3, 1172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, M. A., Jin, D. Z., & Fee, M. S. (2010). Support for a synaptic chain model of neuronal sequence generation. Nature, 468(7322), 394–399.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, L., Wang, C., Holst-Jensen, A., Morisset, D., Lin, Y., & Zhang, D. (2013). Characterization of GM events by insert knowledge adapted re-sequencing approaches. Scientific Reports, 3, 2839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi, P. Ş., Nagy, Z. K., Cristea, M. V., & Imre-Lucaci, Á. (2006). Model Based Control. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hannemann, K., & Seiler, F. (Eds.). (2009). Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 1 (1st ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Puzio, L., & Peters, J. F. (2013). Nearness of Subtly Different Digital Images. In J. F. Peters, A. Skowron, S. Ramanna, Z. Suraj, & X. Wang (Eds.), Transactions on Rough Sets XVI (pp. 73–82). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Academic Librarianship.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). NASA’s HiRISE Camera Shows The Frosty Valleys Of Mars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. V, No. 3 (No. 138866). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, Z. (2010). Financial restatements: Implications for management earnings forecasts (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, June 29). On Court That Defied Labeling, Kennedy Made the Boldest Mark. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2005; Sugavaneshwar & Nanda, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugavaneshwar & Nanda, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Long, Jin, & Fee, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Academic Librarianship
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Libr..
ISSN (print)0099-1333
Library and Information Sciences

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