How to format your references using the The Journal of Academic Librarianship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Academic Librarianship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schroeder, T. (2008). Imaging stem-cell-driven regeneration in mammals. Nature, 453(7193), 345–351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manukyan, M., & Singh, P. B. (2014). Epigenome rejuvenation: HP1β mobility as a measure of pluripotent and senescent chromatin ground states. Scientific Reports, 4, 4789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollihar, J., Levy, M., & Ellington, A. D. (2014). Biochemistry. Many paths to the origin of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6168), 259–260.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mekel-Bobrov, N., Gilbert, S. L., Evans, P. D., Vallender, E. J., Anderson, J. R., Hudson, R. R., Tishkoff, S. A., & Lahn, B. T. (2005). Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741), 1720–1722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J. (2011). Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Li, K., Li, S., Li, D., & Niu, Q. (Eds.). (2013). Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment: Second International Conference, ICSEE 2012, Shanghai, China, September 12-13, 2012. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 355). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alugupalli, K. R. (2008). A Distinct Role for B1b Lymphocytes in T Cell-Independent Immunity. In T. Manser (Ed.), Specialization and Complementation of Humoral Immune Responses to Infection (pp. 105–130). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Academic Librarianship.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 6). Giant Alien-Like “Shrimp” Caught Off Florida Is Identified. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Transfer Students: Postsecondary Institutions Could Promote More Consistent Consideration of Coursework by Not Basing Determinations on Accreditation (GAO-06-22). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellenberg, D. L. (2010). Divorced women, poverty, and the Social Security Act: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, September 7). PRESIDENT TAKES PLANS TO VOTERS. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schroeder, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Manukyan & Singh, 2014; Schroeder, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manukyan & Singh, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gollihar et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mekel-Bobrov et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Academic Librarianship
AbbreviationJ. Acad. Libr..
ISSN (print)0099-1333
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles