How to format your references using the Rice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sisodia SS (2002) Biomedicine. A cargo receptor mystery APParently solved? Science 295:805–807
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirn A, Laigle M (2004) Geophysics. Silent heralds of megathrust earthquakes? Science 305:1917–1918
A journal article with 3 authors
Alapan Y, Little JA, Gurkan UA (2014) Heterogeneous red blood cell adhesion and deformability in sickle cell disease. Sci Rep 4:7173
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hubert-Ferrari A, Barka A, Jacques E, et al (2000) Seismic hazard in the Marmara Sea region following the 17 August 1999 Izmit earthquake. Nature 404:269–273

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl S (2011) Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sun B (ed) (2014) T Helper Cell Differentiation and Their Function. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Bombile M (2015) Visual Servoing Based Positioning and Object Tracking on Humanoid Robot. In: Elleithy K, Sobh T (eds) New Trends in Networking, Computing, E-learning, Systems Sciences, and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 19–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rice.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Fish Oil Supplements Could Prevent The Onset Of Psychotic Disorders. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1969) Use of Fixed-Price Contracts for the Procurement of Studies and Investigations of Research and Development Matters. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winkelhake B (2015) Verbal argumentativeness: A study of retail store managers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) A Drug Dealer’s Heart Turns Hard. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sisodia 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sisodia 2002; Hirn and Laigle 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hirn and Laigle 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hubert-Ferrari et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRice
AbbreviationRice (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1939-8425
ISSN (online)1939-8433
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Soil Science

Other styles