How to format your references using the Rice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Starting the brain gain. Nature 427:267
A journal article with 2 authors
Pena LD, Goldstein SL (2014) Thermohaline circulation crisis and impacts during the mid-Pleistocene transition. Science 345:318–322
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell KI, Chase JM, Knight TM (2013) Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science 339:316–318
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maeda K, Teramura K, Lu D, et al (2006) Photocatalyst releasing hydrogen from water. Nature 440:295

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes JD (2016) Great Myths of Education and Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wilcock N (2016) Hartmut Elsenhans and a Critique of Capitalism: Conversations on Theory and Policy Implications. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang G, Fischer-Hübner S (2011) Timing Attacks on PIN Input in VoIP Networks (Short Paper). In: Holz T, Bos H (eds) Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment: 8th International Conference; DIMVA 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 7-8, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 75–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rice.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Cancer Drugs Help Paralyzed Mice Walk Again. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) The Excepted Service: A Research Profile. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis TE (2010) Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2017) Forecast for Hurricanes Is Stormier Than Normal. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Pena and Goldstein 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pena and Goldstein 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRice
AbbreviationRice (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1939-8425
ISSN (online)1939-8433
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Soil Science

Other styles