How to format your references using the Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Adams, J.U. Genetics: Big hopes for big data. Nature 2015, 527, S108-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lefkowitz, R.J.; Shenoy, S.K. Transduction of receptor signals by beta-arrestins. Science 2005, 308, 512–517.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bai, G.; Zhang, Y.; Hao, J. Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Shen, W.; Wang, C.; Xia, L.; Fan, C.; Dong, H.; Deckelbaum, R.J.; Qi, K. Epigenetic modification of the leptin promoter in diet-induced obese mice and the effects of N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5282.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blanchet, G.; Charbit, M. Digital Signal and Image Processing Using MATLAB®; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119054009.
An edited book
1.
Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities; Korthals, M., Ed.; The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; Vol. 18; ISBN 9789400701267.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Singer, M.B. Impact Scales of Fluvial Response to Management along the Sacramento River, California, USA: Transience Versus Persistence. In Geomorphic Approaches to Integrated Floodplain Management of Lowland Fluvial Systems in North America and Europe; Hudson, P.F., Middelkoop, H., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2015; pp. 53–85 ISBN 9781493923793.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plants.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. The Science Of ‘Hangry’, Or Why Some People Get Grumpy When They’re Hungry (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office Examination Into Possible Irregularities in the Use of Federal Funds in the Administration of the Chemawa Indian School in Marion County, Oregon]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Queener, J.D. A Post-School Outcome Study of Students with Learning Disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Paulson, M. Bernadette Peters To Join ‘Hello, Dolly!’ New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlants
AbbreviationPlants
ISSN (online)2223-7747
Scope

Other styles