How to format your references using the Rheumatology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yamaguchi A (2001) Sex differences in vocal learning in birds. Nature 411:257–258
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Keusch GT, Medlin CA (2003) Tapping the power of small institutions. Nature 422:561–562
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Viculis LM, Mack JJ, Kaner RB (2003) A chemical route to carbon nanoscrolls. Science 299:1361
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sukharev S, Betanzos M, Chiang CS, Guy HR (2001) The gating mechanism of the large mechanosensitive channel MscL. Nature 409:720–724

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Myers FR (2009) Get the Job You Want, Even When No One’s Hiring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Poznyak A (2014) Attractive Ellipsoids in Robust Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sun L, Huang G, Mei H (2008) Validating Access Control Configurations in J2EE Applications. In: Chaudron MRV, Szyperski C, Reussner R (eds) Component-Based Software Engineering: 11th International Symposium, CBSE 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 14-17, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 64–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology International.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Common Drugs Can Affect Our Minds And Morals – But Should We Be Worried About It? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Status of Project PISCES. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Escamilla D (2012) How performance following the implementation of a new structure affects employee engagement. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Savodnik P (2012) ‘Their First Lenny Bruce Could Be Coming.’ New York Times MM34

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology International
AbbreviationRheumatol. Int.
ISSN (print)0172-8172
ISSN (online)1437-160X
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

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