How to format your references using the Rheumatology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V (2003) Policy-makers in many areas need input from scientists to help them make sound decisions. Nature 422:452–453
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Galitski V, Spielman IB (2013) Spin-orbit coupling in quantum gases. Nature 494:49–54
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Baugh LR, Demodena J, Sternberg PW (2009) RNA Pol II accumulates at promoters of growth genes during developmental arrest. Science 324:92–94
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tiberkevich VS, Khymyn RS, Tang HX, Slavin AN (2014) Sensitivity to external signals and synchronization properties of a non-isochronous auto-oscillator with delayed feedback. Sci Rep 4:3873

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sexton D (2009) Trump University Marketing 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Tavares JMRS, Natal Jorge RM (2015) Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fikentscher W, Hacker P, Podszun R (2013) Sanctions and Procedure. In: Hacker P, Podszun R (eds) FairEconomy: Crises, Culture, Competition and the Role of Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 131–147

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology International.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Conservation Tags To Track Animals Are Being Hijacked By Poachers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Physical Infrastructure: Challenges and Investment Options for the Nation’s Infrastructure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tabares M (2015) Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shear MD, Liptak A (2017) Taking Up Case, Justices Let U.S. Start Travel Ban. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology International
AbbreviationRheumatol. Int.
ISSN (print)0172-8172
ISSN (online)1437-160X
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

Other styles