How to format your references using the Rheumatology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V (2005) Baby blues. Nature 433:780–781
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gibbs MJ, Gibbs AJ (2006) Molecular virology: was the 1918 pandemic caused by a bird flu? Nature 440:E8; discussion E9-10
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ (2012) Disentangling nestedness from models of ecological complexity. Nature 487:227–230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu H, Jiang T, Han B, et al (2009) Selective phenol hydrogenation to cyclohexanone over a dual supported Pd-Lewis acid catalyst. Science 326:1250–1252

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Padova T, Murdock KL (2010) Adobe® Creative Suite® 5 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
1.
Park JH (james), Kim J, Zou D, Lee YS (2012) Information Technology Convergence, Secure and Trust Computing, and Data Management: ITCS 2012 & STA 2012. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chinesta F, Cueto E (2014) Separated Representations of Coupled Models. In: Cueto E (ed) PGD-Based Modeling of Materials, Structures and Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology International.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Rosetta’s Final Dive In Two Weeks Will Unlock Comet 67P’s Last Secrets. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/rosettas-final-dive-in-two-weeks-will-unlock-comet-67ps-last-secrets/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1975) Automatic Data Processing Activity in the Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vidal EM (2014) Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2008) Increase in Heroin Use Leads to Proposed Laws. New York Times LI6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology International
AbbreviationRheumatol. Int.
ISSN (print)0172-8172
ISSN (online)1437-160X
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology

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