How to format your references using the Journal of Physiological Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiological Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dolgin E. Research technique: the murine candidate. Nature. 2011;474:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tram U, Sullivan W. Role of delayed nuclear envelope breakdown and mitosis in Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility. Science. 2002;296:1124–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liu W, Shang Y, Li W. gp78 elongates of polyubiquitin chains from the distal end through the cooperation of its G2BR and CUE domains. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7138.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Benedetti L, Sogne E, Rodighiero S, Marchesi D, Milani P, Francolini M. Customized patterned substrates for highly versatile correlative light-scanning electron microscopy. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chitrapu P. Wideband TDD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Brugger W, Karayanni M, editors. Religion in the Public Sphere: A Comparative Analysis of German, Israeli, American and International Law. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Eastwood M, Xu F. Twistor Theory and the Harmonic Hull. In: Huckleberry A, Penkov I, Zuckerman G, editors. Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiological Anthropology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Wonder Material Lets Electricity Flow But Not Heat. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Financial Performance of Amtrak’s Routes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: RCED-98-151.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. O’Leary JJ. Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Joy S. Dare to Be Daring. New York Times. 2016 Nov 30;D13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiological Anthropology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Anthropol.
ISSN (online)1880-6805
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles