How to format your references using the Journal of Physiological Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiological Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hurtgen MT. Geochemistry. The marine sulfur cycle, revisited. Science. 2012;337:305–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nelson WJ, Nusse R. Convergence of Wnt, beta-catenin, and cadherin pathways. Science. 2004;303:1483–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lowes MA, Bowcock AM, Krueger JG. Pathogenesis and therapy of psoriasis. Nature. 2007;445:866–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sarkar AK, Luijten M, Miyashima S, Lenhard M, Hashimoto T, Nakajima K, et al. Conserved factors regulate signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana shoot and root stem cell organizers. Nature. 2007;446:811–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Morag N. Comparative Homeland Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Özkaya E. Adverse Cutaneous Drug Reactions to Cardiovascular Drugs. Yazganoğlu KD, editor. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fitz D, Jakschitz T, Rode BM. Salt-Induced Peptide Formation in Chemical Evolution: Building Blocks Before RNA – Potential of Peptide Splicing Reactions. In: Egel R, Lankenau D-H, Mulkidjanian AY, editors. Origins of Life: The Primal Self-Organization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 109–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiological Anthropology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 10 Creatures that Are Nearly Indestructible [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/10-nearly-indestructible-creatures/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Viability Continues to Be Threatened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-97-80.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lord V. Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83. New York Times. 2011 Oct 19;B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiological Anthropology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Anthropol.
ISSN (online)1880-6805
ScopePhysiology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics
Anthropology

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