How to format your references using the Journal of Physiological Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiological Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schmidt C. Bioelectronics: The bionic material. Nature. 2012;483:S37.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Trimble SW, Crosson P. LAND USE: U.S. Soil Erosion Rates--Myth and Reality. Science. 2000;289:248–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ho VM, Lee J-A, Martin KC. The cell biology of synaptic plasticity. Science. 2011;334:623–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang D, Qian J, Qin W, Qin A, Tang BZ, He S. Biocompatible and photostable AIE dots with red emission for in vivo two-photon bioimaging. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wood T, Anderson M, Analytics F. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Tatzelt J, editor. Prion Proteins. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lin Z, Bai Z. Probability Inequalities of Random Variables. In: Bai Z, editor. Probability Inequalities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiological Anthropology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Electric Shocks To The Brain Help People Navigate A Maze Without Even Seeing It [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Studies of U.S. Universities’ Research Equipment Needs Inconclusive. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Apr. Report No.: RCED-84-105.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Holby N. School Counselors and Their Experiences Implementing Comprehensive Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ. B Capital Group Names Start-Up Star Its Chairman. New York Times. 2017 Oct 23;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiological Anthropology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Anthropol.
ISSN (online)1880-6805
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles