How to format your references using the Journal of Physiological Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiological Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Engheta N. OPTICS. 150 years of Maxwell’s equations. Science. 2015;349:136–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Falzarano D, Feldmann H. Virology. Delineating Ebola entry. Science. 2015;347:947–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Runguphan W, Qu X, O’Connor SE. Integrating carbon-halogen bond formation into medicinal plant metabolism. Nature. 2010;468:461–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Guarda G, Dostert C, Staehli F, Cabalzar K, Castillo R, Tardivel A, et al. T cells dampen innate immune responses through inhibition of NLRP1 and NLRP3 inflammasomes. Nature. 2009;460:269–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Shaw MT. Introduction to Polymer Rheology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Aleman A. The Hardy Space of a Slit Domain. Ross WT, Feldman NS, editors. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lamont M, Guetzkow J. How Quality Is Recognized by Peer Review Panels: The Case of the Humanities. In: Ochsner M, Hug SE, Daniel H-D, editors. Research Assessment in the Humanities: Towards Criteria and Procedures. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiological Anthropology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Bizarre Hourglass-Shaped Fossils Belonged to Our Distant Cousins [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/bizarre-500-million-year-old-fossil-mystery-solved/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on JPDO and the Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status and Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 May. Report No.: GAO-07-918R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Szurgyi AA. Leadership competencies required of Army officers to counter the Improvised Explosive Device threat [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper BM. The Tailor of 125th Street. New York Times. 2017 Jun 3;ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiological Anthropology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Anthropol.
ISSN (online)1880-6805
ScopePhysiology
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physiology (medical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics
Anthropology

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