How to format your references using the Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sibley LD. Intracellular parasite invasion strategies. Science. 2004 Apr 9;304(5668):248–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hofmann HA, Stevenson PA. Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature. 2000 Feb 10;403(6770):613.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Germain RN, Robey EA, Cahalan MD. A decade of imaging cellular motility and interaction dynamics in the immune system. Science. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1676–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krause AE, Frank KA, Mason DM, Ulanowicz RE, Taylor WW. Compartments revealed in food-web structure. Nature. 2003 Nov 20;426(6964):282–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smith EM. Advances in Thermal Design of Heat Exchangers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Zu Q, Vargas-Vera M, Hu B, editors. Pervasive Computing and the Networked World: Joint International Conference, ICPCA/SWS 2013, Vina del Mar, Chile, December 5-7, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 838 p. 380 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8351).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lin S-H. Intelligent Internet Information Systems in Knowledge Acquisition: Techniques and Applications. In: Leondes CT, editor. Intelligent Knowledge-Based Systems: Business and Technology in the New Millennium. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. p. 110–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Cutting-Edge Technology Aiding Development Of Novel Synthetic Polio Vaccine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cutting-edge-technology-aiding-development-novel-synthetic-polio-vaccine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program’s 1997 Award Selection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-98-92.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kay K. A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. The Teacher Learns She’s a Student, Too. New York Times. 2017 Jul 30;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology
AbbreviationRheumatology (Oxford)
ISSN (print)1462-0324
ISSN (online)1462-0332
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Rheumatology

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