How to format your references using the Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sagdeev R. History of science. Sputnik and the Soviets. Science. 2007 Oct 5;318(5847):51–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner WR, Griffith BP. Reconstructing the lung. Science. 2010 Jul 30;329(5991):520–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rust MJ, Golden SS, O’Shea EK. Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Science. 2011 Jan 14;331(6014):220–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang XQ, Ullah H, Jones AM, Assmann SM. G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. Science. 2001 Jun 15;292(5524):2070–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinzinger S, Jahns J. Microoptics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Dalvit D, Milonni P, Roberts D, da Rosa F, editors. Casimir Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XIII, 457 p. 102 illus., 5 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Physics; vol. 834).
A chapter in an edited book
Analide C, Abelha A, Machado J, Neves J. An Agent Based Approach to the Selection Dilemma in CBR. In: Badica C, Mangioni G, Carchiolo V, Burdescu DD, editors. Intelligent Distributed Computing, Systems and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2008, Catania, Italy, 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 35–44. (Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rheumatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Blame It On Mum And Dad: How Genes Influence What We Eat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. New Ways of Preparing Data for Computers Could Save Money and Time and Reduce Errors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jul. Report No.: FGMSD-78-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Name J. Boolean Partition Algebras [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Plan to Deal With Injuries: Don’t Talk About Them So Much. New York Times. 2017 May 26;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRheumatology
AbbreviationRheumatology (Oxford)
ISSN (print)1462-0324
ISSN (online)1462-0332
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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