How to format your references using the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, M. A. (2002). Analytic chemistry. Everyone’s a (future) chemist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1818–1819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirn, A., & Laigle, M. (2004). Geophysics. Silent heralds of megathrust earthquakes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1917–1918.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakai, T., Larsen, M., & Yamada, K. M. (2003). Fibronectin requirement in branching morphogenesis. Nature, 423(6942), 876–881.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X.-H., Aliyari, R., Li, W.-X., Li, H.-W., Kim, K., Carthew, R., … Ding, S.-W. (2006). RNA interference directs innate immunity against viruses in adult Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 452–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A. (2012). Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oliveira, C. A. S. (2011). Mathematical Aspects of Network Routing Optimization. (P. M. Pardalos, Ed.) (Vol. 53). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lo Menzo, E., Szomstein, S., & Rosenthal, R. J. (2015). Mechanisms of Action of the Bariatric Procedures. In N. T. Nguyen, R. P. Blackstone, J. M. Morton, J. Ponce, & R. J. Rosenthal (Eds.), The ASMBS Textbook of Bariatric Surgery: Volume 1: Bariatric Surgery (pp. 61–72). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 26). Check Out What Happens When You Add A Glowstick To Magnetized Liquid. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). The Civil Division, 1956-1972: Interview With Gregory J. Ahart, Henry Eschwege, and Victor L. Lowe (No. OP-22-OH). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steffan, A. L. (2010). An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, May 22). Harry Styles Tops Billboard Chart. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2002, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hirn & Laigle, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Sakai, Larsen, & Yamada, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Obsessive Compuls. Relat. Disord.
ISSN (print)2211-3649

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