How to format your references using the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips, P. (2000). Organic materials. From insulator to superconductor. Nature, 406(6797), 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsou, M.-F. B., & Stearns, T. (2006). Mechanism limiting centrosome duplication to once per cell cycle. Nature, 442(7105), 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hassan, M. A., Mahmoodian, R., & Hamdi, M. (2014). Modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics (MSPH) for the analysis of centrifugally assisted TiC-Fe-Al2O3 combustion synthesis. Scientific Reports, 4, 3724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Doulatov, S., Hodes, A., Dai, L., Mandhana, N., Liu, M., Deora, R., Simons, R. W., Zimmerly, S., & Miller, J. F. (2004). Tropism switching in Bordetella bacteriophage defines a family of diversity-generating retroelements. Nature, 431(7007), 476–481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad, S. R., & Cartwright, M. (2014). Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Saad, A., Dahal, K., Sarfraz, M., & Roy, R. (Eds.). (2007). Soft Computing in Industrial Applications: Recent Trends (Vol. 39). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilaça, R., Cruz, F., & Oliveira, R. (2010). On the Expressiveness and Trade-Offs of Large Scale Tuple Stores. In R. Meersman, T. Dillon, & P. Herrero (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems, OTM 2010: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, IS, DOA and ODBASE, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece, October 25-29, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 727–744). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 22). 5 Of The Biggest Myths And Misconceptions About Zika, Debunked. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). USDA Restructuring: Refocus Info Share Program on Business Processes Rather Than Technology (AIMD-94-156). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, V. A. (2017). La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, May 28). Dick Grayson Outgrows the Robin Costume. New York Times, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Phillips, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips, 2000; Tsou & Stearns, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsou & Stearns, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Hassan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Doulatov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Obsessive Compuls. Relat. Disord.
ISSN (print)2211-3649

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