How to format your references using the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Global-warming sceptics left out in the cold. Nature, 403(6767), 233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Godfray, C., & Hassell, M. (2005). Obituary: Richard Southwood (1931-2005). Nature, 438(7070), 928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plata, G., Henry, C. S., & Vitkup, D. (2015). Long-term phenotypic evolution of bacteria. Nature, 517(7534), 369–372.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiang, D., Han, C., Zhang, J., & Chen, W. (2014). Gap states assisted MoO3 nanobelt photodetector with wide spectrum response. Scientific Reports, 4, 4891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui, S. H. (2011). Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marasinghe, M. G. (2008). SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods (W. J. Kennedy, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, X., Gao, Q., & Li, Z. (2013). Introducing Human Performance Modeling in Digital Nuclear Power Industry. In P. L. P. Rau (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Design. Cultural Differences in Everyday Life: 5th International Conference, CCD 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 27–36). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 5). The Trolley Dilemma: Would You Kill One Person To Save Five? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). BART Airport Extension Update (RCED-96-246R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, C.-Y. (2010). The analysis of communication problems and language barriers between patients and physicians in California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017, August 24). In Ditching Netflix, Disney Grabs New Key to Kingdom. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Godfray & Hassell, 2005; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Godfray & Hassell, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Plata et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Obsessive Compuls. Relat. Disord.
ISSN (print)2211-3649

Other styles