How to format your references using the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lester, B. (2007). 2007 visualization challenge winners. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1858–1863.
A journal article with 2 authors
Remy, J.-J., & Hobert, O. (2005). An interneuronal chemoreceptor required for olfactory imprinting in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, J. P., Anderson, R. F., & Lehman, S. J. (2001). Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2077–2079.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Decaestecker, E., Gaba, S., Raeymaekers, J. A. M., Stoks, R., Van Kerckhoven, L., Ebert, D., & De Meester, L. (2007). Host-parasite “Red Queen” dynamics archived in pond sediment. Nature, 450(7171), 870–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D. (2011). Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hankin, C., & Siveroni, I. (Eds.). (2005). Static Analysis: 12th International Symposium, SAS 2005, London, UK, September 7-9, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3672). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadi, A. A. R., Wan Daud, W. M. F., & Ibrahim, N. H. (2011). The Development of History Educational Game as a Revision Tool for Malaysia School Education. In H. B. Zaman, P. Robinson, M. Petrou, P. Olivier, T. K. Shih, S. Velastin, & I. Nyström (Eds.), Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 39–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 24). Eyes on the Skies: Orionid Meteor Shower. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure (OGC-98-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quintero, M. C. (2017). Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2014, July 7). Semifinals Remain an Inner Sanctum Until Further Notice. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lester, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lester, 2007; Remy & Hobert, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Remy & Hobert, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Sachs et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Decaestecker et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Obsessive Compuls. Relat. Disord.
ISSN (print)2211-3649

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