How to format your references using the Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Komarova, N. L. (2015). Cancer: A moving target. Nature, 525(7568), 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Al Khawaja, U., & Stoof, H. (2001). Skyrmions in a ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature, 411(6840), 918–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gallop, J. L., Butler, P. J. G., & McMahon, H. T. (2005). Endophilin and CtBP/BARS are not acyl transferases in endocytosis or Golgi fission. Nature, 438(7068), 675–678.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zioutas, K., Hoffmann, D. H. H., Dennerl, K., & Papaevangelou, T. (2004). Physics. What is dark matter made of? Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1485–1488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zonnenshain, A., & Stauber, S. (2015). Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kuntz, E. (2008). Hepatology Textbook and Atlas: History · Morphology Biochemistry · Diagnostics Clinic · Therapy (H.-D. Kuntz, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertolo, S. (2008). Information Overload and FP7 Funding Opportunities in 2009-10. In F. Železný & N. Lavrač (Eds.), Inductive Logic Programming: 18th International Conference, ILP 2008 Prague, Czech Republic, September 10-12, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 5–5). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, August 26). We’re About To See Jupiter’s Poles In Detail For The First Time Ever. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role (No. GAO-09-560T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collette, J. C. (2017). Validation of the tgFgfr1-EGFP Mouse Line as a Tool to Study Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 Cellular Localization and Expression After Experimental Manipulations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A. L. (1999, June 13). For Employed Moms, the Pinnacle Of Stress Comes After Work Ends. New York Times, p. 1518.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Komarova, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Al Khawaja & Stoof, 2001; Komarova, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Al Khawaja & Stoof, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gallop, Butler, & McMahon, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zioutas, Hoffmann, Dennerl, & Papaevangelou, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Obsessive Compuls. Relat. Disord.
ISSN (print)2211-3649

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