How to format your references using the International Journal of Sustainable Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sustainable Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodnina, Marina V. 2013. “Biochemistry. Translocation in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6140): 1534–1535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suenaga, Kazu, and Masanori Koshino. 2010. “Atom-by-Atom Spectroscopy at Graphene Edge.” Nature 468 (7327): 1088–1090.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sogo, José M., Massimo Lopes, and Marco Foiani. 2002. “Fork Reversal and SsDNA Accumulation at Stalled Replication Forks Owing to Checkpoint Defects.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5581): 599–602.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Winkler, Wade C., Ali Nahvi, Adam Roth, Jennifer A. Collins, and Ronald R. Breaker. 2004. “Control of Gene Expression by a Natural Metabolite-Responsive Ribozyme.” Nature 428 (6980): 281–286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito, Ralph. 2011. Electrochemical Water Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Braibant, Sylvie. 2012. Particelle e Interazioni Fondamentali: Il Mondo Delle Particelle. Edited by Giorgio Giacomelli and Maurizio Spurio. 2a edizione. UNITEXT — Collana Di Fisica e Astronomia. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ali, Alisha, Paula J. Caplan, and Rachel Fagnant. 2010. “Gender Stereotypes in Diagnostic Criteria.” In Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology: Volume 2: Gender Research in Social and Applied Psychology, edited by Joan C. Chrisler and Donald R. McCreary, 91–109. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sustainable Energy.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Measles Mary: An Outbreak Among Vaccinated Patients.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. RCED-00-164. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, Jason Morgan. 2014. “Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2017. “Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts.” New York Times, May 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rodnina 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rodnina 2013; Suenaga and Koshino 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suenaga and Koshino 2010)
  • Three authors: (Sogo, Lopes, and Foiani 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Winkler et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sustainable Energy
AbbreviationInt. J. Sustain. Energy
ISSN (print)1478-6451
ISSN (online)1478-646X
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Energy
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles