How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Hecke M. Materials science. Shape matters. Science 2007; 317: 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dangl JL, Jones JD. Plant pathogens and integrated defence responses to infection. Nature 2001; 411: 826–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohr JT, Krout MR, Stoltz BM. Natural products as inspiration for the development of asymmetric catalysis. Nature 2008; 455: 323–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chapelle FH, O’Neill K, Bradley PM, et al. A hydrogen-based subsurface microbial community dominated by methanogens. Nature 2002; 415: 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garduno Barrera D, Diaz M. Communicating Systems with UML 2. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011.
An edited book
Gruber P, Bruckner D, Hellmich C, et al. (eds). Biomimetics -- Materials, Structures and Processes: Examples, Ideas and Case Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez-Gil F, Lozano M, Fernández F. Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning for Simulating Pedestrian Navigation. In: Vrancx P, Knudson M, Grześ M (eds) Adaptive and Learning Agents: International Workshop, ALA 2011, Held at AAMAS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 54–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Davis J. Viruses May Have Evolved To Infect Men More Severely Than Women. IFLScience, (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. GGD-94-135R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 22 April 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grimpo M. How asthma is related with the rate of influenza vaccination in California’s children. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke J. Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics. New York Times, 23 July 2016, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1403-4948
ISSN (online)1651-1905
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles