How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer-Lindenberg A. Psychology. Trust me on this. Science 2008; 321: 778–780.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Q, Wang X-B. Simulating of the measurement-device independent quantum key distribution with phase randomized general sources. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang X, Minton TK, Zhang DH. Chemistry. Rethinking chemical reactions at hyperthermal energies. Science 2012; 336: 1650–1651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cash W, Shipley A, Osterman S, et al. Laboratory detection of X-ray fringes with a grazing-incidence interferometer. Nature 2000; 407: 160–162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek HH, Sapienza AM, Eid V. Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2008.
An edited book
Masys AJ (ed). Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity: From Problem Framing to Problem Solving. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Konstas AA, González RG, Lev MH. CT Perfusion (CTP). In: González RG, Hirsch JA, Lev MH, et al. (eds) Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 83–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Higgs Boson Seen At Work For The First Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business: Proposed Amendments to the Small Business Innovation Research Program. RCED-89-173, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 30 June 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan SN. Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Rout Leaves Jets’ Hopes in Peril and Fitzpatrick’s Job in Jeopardy. New York Times, 18 October 2016, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1403-4948
ISSN (online)1651-1905
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles