How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Microarrays: quality control. Nature 2006; 442: 1067–1070.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaensler BM, Frail DA. A large age for the pulsar B1757-24 from an upper limit on its proper motion. Nature 2000; 406: 158–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye F, Burns MJ, Naughton MJ. Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rozan TF, Lassman ME, Ridge DP, et al. Evidence for iron, copper and zinc complexation as multinuclear sulphide clusters in oxic rivers. Nature 2000; 406: 879–882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir I, Seabridge AG. Military Avionics Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
Griffin DE, Oldstone MBA (eds). Measles: Pathogenesis and Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Murad K, Saahar@Saabar S, Abdul Halim A. Does Cuteness Sell? A Content Analytic Study of Children Portrayal in Press Advertisement. In: Hashim R, Abdul Majeed AB (eds) Proceedings of the Colloquium on Administrative Science and Technology: CoAST 2013. Singapore: Springer, 2015, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrews R. Why Is The Giant’s Causeway Hexagonal? IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Challenges Faced in Demonstrating Program Results and Responding to Societal Changes. T-HEHS-98-183, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 9 June 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biller JT. Cyber-Terrorism: Finding a Common Starting Point. Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 21 Miners Killed In Blast. New York Times, 10 February 2005, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1403-4948
ISSN (online)1651-1905
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles