How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houck O. Tales from a troubled marriage: science and law in environmental policy. Science 2003; 302: 1926–1929.
A journal article with 2 authors
Evans JW, Thiel PA. Chemistry. A little chemistry helps the big get bigger. Science 2010; 330: 599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubie DC, Gessmann CK, Frost DJ. Partitioning of oxygen during core formation on the Earth and Mars. Nature 2004; 429: 58–61.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim SP, Pandikumar A, Lim YS, et al. In-situ electrochemically deposited polypyrrole nanoparticles incorporated reduced graphene oxide as an efficient counter electrode for platinum-free dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann K, Balthaus H, et al. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2015.
An edited book
Milsom JW, Böhm B, Nakajima K (eds). Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery. Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Batmanov K, Kuttler C, Lemaire F, et al. Symmetry-Based Model Reduction for Approximate Stochastic Analysis. In: Gilbert D, Heiner M (eds) Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 10th International Conference, CMSB 2012, London, UK, October 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 49–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Davis J. Diesel Cars Found To Be Emitting Another Dangerous Pollutant. IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Service Academies: Academy Preparatory Schools Need a Clearer Mission and Better Oversight. NSIAD-92-57, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 13 March 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert M. Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility. Doctoral Dissertation, George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Writing Partner ‘Flabbergasted’ By Accusations Against Halperin. New York Times, 31 October 2017, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1403-4948
ISSN (online)1651-1905
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles