How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Atlas RM. Public health. National security and the biological research community. Science 2002; 298: 753–754.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Imambekov A, Glazman LI. Universal theory of nonlinear Luttinger liquids. Science 2009; 323: 228–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gardner TS, Cantor CR, Collins JJ. Construction of a genetic toggle switch in Escherichia coli. Nature 2000; 403: 339–342.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Rifkin SA, Houle D, Kim J, et al. A mutation accumulation assay reveals a broad capacity for rapid evolution of gene expression. Nature 2005; 438: 220–223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Daïan J-F. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 1. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Louys J (ed). Paleontology in Ecology and Conservation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Irisarri C. Malunion/Nonunion of the Digits. In: Trail IA, Fleming ANM (eds) Disorders of the Hand: Volume 2: Hand Reconstruction and Nerve Compression. London: Springer, 2015, pp. 97–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. The Winners Of The Wildlife Photographer Of The Year Awards Are Absolutely Spectacular. IFLScience, https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/winners-wildlife-photographer-year-awards-absolutely-spectacular/ (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Research: Systematic Selection and Evaluation Processes Needed for Research Program. GAO-02-573, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 24 May 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kuls M. Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs. Doctoral Dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly K. Edge or Liability? New York Times, 17 March 2017, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Public Health
ISSN (print)1403-4948
ISSN (online)1651-1905
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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