How to format your references using the Heart and Vessels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart and Vessels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
de Rose F (2008) Meetings that changed the world: Paris 1951: The birth of CERN. Nature 455:174–175
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schwarzman MR, Wilson MP (2009) Science and regulation. New science for chemicals policy. Science 326:1065–1066
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green ED, Guyer MS, National Human Genome Research Institute (2011) Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature 470:204–213
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Schlosser N, Reymond G, Protsenko I, Grangier P (2001) Sub-poissonian loading of single atoms in a microscopic dipole trap. Nature 411:1024–1027

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hopkins BR (2009) Fundraising Law Made Easy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Scharfetter H, Merwa R (2007) 13th International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance and the 8th Conference on Electrical Impedance Tomography: ICEBI 2007, August 29th - September 2nd 2007, Graz, Austria. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jaffe N, Pearson MG (2005) Wilms’ Tumor. In: Chan KW, Raney RB (eds) Pediatric Oncology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 70–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart and Vessels.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Deepest Sign of Life Ever Detected. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/deepest-sign-life-ever-detected/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation Weather: FAA Is Reevaluating Services at Key Centers; Both FAA and the National Weather Service Need to Better Ensure Product Quality. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Qian J (2006) Characterization of Transcription-independent APC Tumor Suppressor Function in Apoptosis. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M (2010) You Can’t Pop Up Forever. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart and Vessels
AbbreviationHeart Vessels
ISSN (print)0910-8327
ISSN (online)1615-2573
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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