How to format your references using the Heart and Vessels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart and Vessels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldman DE (2014) Physics. Electronically erased. Science 344:1344–1345
A journal article with 2 authors
Dermitzakis ET, Clark AG (2009) Genetics. Life after GWA studies. Science 326:239–240
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen M, Wei L, Liu Y (2014) Motor preparation attenuates neural variability and beta-band LFP in parietal cortex. Sci Rep 4:6809
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu X, Yue Y, Li B, et al (2007) A G protein-coupled receptor is a plasma membrane receptor for the plant hormone abscisic acid. Science 315:1712–1716

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D (2014) Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schulz M, Paul A (2015) Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC). Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cuadrado JS, Guerra E, de Lara J (2015) Reusable Model Transformation Components with bentō. In: Kolovos D, Wimmer M (eds) Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: 8th International Conference, ICMT 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 20-21, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart and Vessels.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) 5 Of The Most Earth-Like Planets We’ve Found. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) NASA’s Administrative Review of a Patent Infringement Claim. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans B (2013) An integrated program for homeless adults with co-occurring mental and subtance use disorders: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Where’s the Art? at a Hamptons Center, Look Behind the Wall. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart and Vessels
AbbreviationHeart Vessels
ISSN (print)0910-8327
ISSN (online)1615-2573
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles