How to format your references using the Heart and Vessels citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heart and Vessels. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan FK-M (2014) Cell biology: A guardian angel of cell integrity. Nature 513:38–40
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox EJ, Loeb LA (2014) Cancer: One cell at a time. Nature 512:143–144
A journal article with 3 authors
Karan S, Jiang Z, Livingston AG (2015) MEMBRANE FILTRATION. Sub-10 nm polyamide nanofilms with ultrafast solvent transport for molecular separation. Science 348:1347–1351
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hole DG, Whittingham MJ, Bradbury RB, et al (2002) Widespread local house-sparrow extinctions. Nature 418:931–932

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa PJ (2017) Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
A OMS, Farshid GP (2015) Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Stańczak S, Wiczanowski M, Boche H (2008) Network Model. In: Wiczanowski M, Boche H (eds) Fundamentals of Resource Allocation in Wireless Networks: Theory and Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heart and Vessels.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Butterfly-Inspired Material Could Help Prevent Counterfeiting. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) ADP Budget: SSA’s Information Technology Systems Budget Requests and Obligations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kane BH (2017) A Qualitative Exploratory Inquiry of Communicating in a Multigenerational Traditional-Rational Organization. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Minder R, Callimachi R (2017) Officials Hunting for a Moroccan Man in the Barcelona Attack Investigation. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeart and Vessels
AbbreviationHeart Vessels
ISSN (print)0910-8327
ISSN (online)1615-2573
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles