How to format your references using the Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. (2005). Capital collaboration Washington DC. Nature, 433(7026), 664–665.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aussillous, P., & Quéré, D. (2001). Liquid marbles. Nature, 411(6840), 924–927.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, Y. Q., Ryu, S., & Sen, P. N. (2000). Determining multiple length scales in rocks. Nature, 406(6792), 178–181.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, J. S., Lee, Y.-J., Tae, E. L., Park, Y. S., & Yoon, K. B. (2003). Synthesis of zeolite as ordered multicrystal arrays. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5634), 818–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian, J., Penttinen, A., Stoyan, H., & Stoyan, D. (2008). Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Badioze Zaman, H., Robinson, P., Petrou, M., Olivier, P., Shih, T. K., Velastin, S., & Nyström, I. (Eds.). (2011). Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 7066). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramos, T., & Pires, S. M. (2013). Sustainability Assessment: The Role of Indicators. In S. Caeiro, W. L. Filho, C. Jabbour, & U. M. Azeiteiro (Eds.), Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions: Mapping Trends and Good Practices Around the World (pp. 81–99). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 29). New Fossil Suggests We Had A Gibbon-Like Early Ancestor. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Medicaid and Special Education: Coordination of Services for Children With Disabilities Is Evolving (HEHS-00-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, S. H. (2017). Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2001, April 15). Mudville Can Never Die. New York Times, 725.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Aussillous & Quéré, 2001; Russo, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aussillous & Quéré, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Song et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC
ISSN (print)1138-1442

Other styles