How to format your references using the Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Teske, A. (2010). Oceans. Cryptic links in the ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6009), 1326–1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etterson, J. R., & Shaw, R. G. (2001). Constraint to adaptive evolution in response to global warming. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 151–154.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold, M., Elliott, T., & Moorbath, S. (2011). The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature, 477(7363), 195–198.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hoeijmakers, H. J., Ehrenreich, D., Heng, K., Kitzmann, D., Grimm, S. L., Allart, R., Deitrick, R., Wyttenbach, A., Oreshenko, M., Pino, L., Rimmer, P. B., Molinari, E., & Di Fabrizio, L. (2018). Atomic iron and titanium in the atmosphere of the exoplanet KELT-9b. Nature, 560(7719), 453–455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, M. (2011). Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lalanne, D., & Kohlas, J. (Eds.). (2009). Human Machine Interaction: Research Results of the MMI Program (Vol. 5440). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kristiansen, E., Pries-Heje, J., & Baskerville, R. L. (2014). Designing Scientific Creativity. In T. H. Commisso, J. Nørbjerg, & J. Pries-Heje (Eds.), Nordic Contributions in IS Research: 5th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2014, Ringsted, Denmark, August 10-13, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 44–57). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 21). Watch a Massive Spider Eating a Lizard Alive. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). School Facilities: America’s Schools Report Differing Conditions (HEHS-96-103). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garlapally, V. (2017). Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Impact on Metamorphosis and Thyroid Development in African Clawed Frogs [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, May 8). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Teske, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Etterson & Shaw, 2001; Teske, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etterson & Shaw, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Willbold et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hoeijmakers et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC
ISSN (print)1138-1442

Other styles