How to format your references using the Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Porter, S. M. (2007). Seawater chemistry and early carbonate biomineralization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, M.-X., & Wang, X. (2014). Parallel photonic quantum computation assisted by quantum dots in one-side optical microcavities. Scientific Reports, 4, 5732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, H.-J., Li, W.-Z., & Yang, X.-K. (2014). Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data. Scientific Reports, 4, 5436.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Z.-Y., Li, Y., Ding, D.-S., Jiang, Y.-K., Zhang, W., Shi, S., Shi, B.-S., & Guo, G.-C. (2014). Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals. Scientific Reports, 4, 5650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2010). Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ramos-Casals, M., Stone, J. H., & Moutsopoulos, H. M. (Eds.). (2012). Sjögren’s Syndrome: Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eikelenboom, P., van Gool, W. A., Rozemuller, A. J. M., Scheper, W., Veerhuis, R., & Hoozemans, J. J. M. (2007). The Involvement of Aβ in the Neuroinflammatory Response. In C. J. Barrow & D. H. Small (Eds.), Abeta Peptide and Alzheimer’s Disease: Celebrating a Century of Research (pp. 52–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 16). This Is What Happens If You Chuck Half A Kilo Of Sodium Into A Lake. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Alternatives for Funding a GI Bill (FPCD-81-45). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le Blanc, J. D. (2017). Helping African American Middle School Students Transition to High School with the New Normal Project: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, September 27). Google Yields To Regulators In Eurozone. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Porter, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Luo & Wang, 2014; Porter, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo & Wang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Xue et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC
ISSN (print)1138-1442

Other styles