How to format your references using the Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham, R. (2006). Geophysics. Dangerous tectonics, fragile buildings, and tough decisions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769), 1873–1875.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meder, D., & Simons, K. (2005). Cell biology. Ras on the roundabout. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1731–1733.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huntington, J. A., Read, R. J., & Carrell, R. W. (2000). Structure of a serpin-protease complex shows inhibition by deformation. Nature, 407(6806), 923–926.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shenoy, S. K., McDonald, P. H., Kohout, T. A., & Lefkowitz, R. J. (2001). Regulation of receptor fate by ubiquitination of activated beta 2-adrenergic receptor and beta-arrestin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1307–1313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. (2005). Enzymkinetik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Basu, M., & Ho, T. K. (Eds.). (2006). Data Complexity in Pattern Recognition. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tepe, H. (2014). Rethinking Human Nature as a Basis for Human Rights. In M. Albers, T. Hoffmann, & J. Reinhardt (Eds.), Human Rights and Human Nature (pp. 57–77). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 2). Scientists Turn One Pathogen Against Another In Fight Against Dengue And Zika. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Amtrak: Improved Management and Controls over Food and Beverage Service Needed (No. GAO-05-867). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, L. L. (2009). Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinase C signaling: Control of normal cellular dynamics and mis-regulation in cancer (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meacham, J. (2016, October 15). The Grace of George H.W. Bush. New York Times, p. SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilham, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham, 2006; Meder & Simons, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meder & Simons, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Huntington, Read, & Carrell, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shenoy, McDonald, Kohout, & Lefkowitz, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC
ISSN (print)1138-1442

Other styles