How to format your references using the Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisman, R. (2014). Health care policy. Straining emergency rooms by expanding health insurance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6168), 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutz, W., & Kc, S. (2011). Global human capital: integrating education and population. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 587–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grandison, R. C., Piper, M. D. W., & Partridge, L. (2009). Amino-acid imbalance explains extension of lifespan by dietary restriction in Drosophila. Nature, 462(7276), 1061–1064.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gong, D., Ma, W., Kendrick, K. M., Hu, Q., & Yao, D. (2013). How cognitive plasticity resolves the brain’s information processing dilemma. Scientific Reports, 3, 2860.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gupta, S. K. (2010). Modern Hydrology and Sustainable Water Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Thomas, Y. F., & Price, L. N. (Eds.). (2016). Drug Use Trajectories Among Minority Youth. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Severs, N. J., Dupont, E., Kaba, R., & Thomas, N. (2005). Gap Junction and Connexin Remodeling in Human Heart Disease. In E. Winterhager (Ed.), Gap Junctions in Development and Disease (pp. 57–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 8). Scientists Develop Way Watch HIV Spreading Through The Body In Real Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use (GAO-17-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonfa, S. L. (2008). The impact of increased security on the employment options and lives of people with severe disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, February 10). Claude Brown’s Harlem, Still on the Mind. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fisman, 2014; Lutz & Kc, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lutz & Kc, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Grandison et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gong et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Espanola de Investigacion en Marketing ESIC
ISSN (print)1138-1442

Other styles