How to format your references using the Plant Biotechnology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Biotechnology Journal (PBJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardin, L.S. (2008) Meetings that changed the world: Bellagio 1969: The green revolution. Nature, 455, 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toyoshima, C. and Nomura, H. (2002) Structural changes in the calcium pump accompanying the dissociation of calcium. Nature, 418, 605–611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schorlemmer, D., Wiemer, S., and Wyss, M. (2005) Variations in earthquake-size distribution across different stress regimes. Nature, 437, 539–542.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fishlock, T.W., Oral, A., Egdell, R.G., and Pethica, J.B. (2000) Manipulation of atoms across a surface at room temperature. Nature, 404, 743–745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu, M.A., Bartha, P.F.A., and Ha, D.M. (2009) Analysis in Vector Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Quinn, K.G. ed. (2012) The Economics of the National Football League: The State of the Art. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fleishman, G.D. and Toptygin, I.N. (2013) Wave–Particle and Wave–Wave Interactions. In: Cosmic Electrodynamics: Electrodynamics and Magnetic Hydrodynamics of Cosmic Plasmas Astrophysics and Space Science Library (Toptygin,I.N., ed) , pp. 139–161. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Biotechnology Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Octopus Vs. Jar. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamora, L. (2017) Azura digital health: Scheduling application and prescription service for women’s health.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014) About That Night. New York Times, MM21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hardin, 2008; Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fishlock et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Biotechnology Journal
AbbreviationPlant Biotechnol. J.
ISSN (print)1467-7644
ISSN (online)1467-7652
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

Other styles