How to format your references using the Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Painter PR (2000) Rivers, blood and transportation networks. Nature 408:159; discussion 160
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh SC, Macdonald KC (2009) Mantle skewness and ridge segmentation. Nature 458:E11-2; author reply E12-3
A journal article with 3 authors
Green ED, Watson JD, Collins FS (2015) Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology. Nature 526:29–31
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yin J, Han X, Cao Y, Lu C (2014) Surface wrinkling on polydimethylsiloxane microspheres via wet surface chemical oxidation. Sci Rep 4:5710

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink M (2005) Scalable Video on Demand. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Wazer DE, Arthur DW, Vicini FA (eds) (2006) Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Techniques and Clinical Implementation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Naunheimer H, Bertsche B, Ryborz J, Novak W (2011) Power Conversion: Selecting the Ratios. In: Bertsche B, Ryborz J, Novak W (eds) Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 100–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Tiny Parasite Infects Growing Honeybees, Not Just Adults. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Aviation Weather: Status of FAA’s New Hazardous Weather Detection and Dissemination Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown ER (2011) Comparison of instructional techniques of high school economics teachers in Georgia and Shenzhen, China. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele K (1992) Postcards From the Edge: The Houston Nomads. New York Times 81

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Painter 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Painter 2000; Singh and Macdonald 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Macdonald 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
AbbreviationRev. Fish Biol. Fish.
ISSN (print)0960-3166
ISSN (online)1573-5184
ScopeAquatic Science

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