How to format your references using the Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielman IB (2015) Physics. Assembling a complex quantum ensemble. Science 348:185–186
A journal article with 2 authors
Kolaczkowski B, Thornton JW (2004) Performance of maximum parsimony and likelihood phylogenetics when evolution is heterogeneous. Nature 431:980–984
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel S, McKenzie D, Woodruff C (2012) One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science 335:962–966
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kotz RI, Windhager R, Dominkus M, et al (2000) A self-extending paediatric leg implant. Nature 406:143–144

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1998) Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Smart NP (ed) (2005) Cryptography and Coding: 10th IMA International Conference, Cirencester, UK, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Moll F (2016) Channel Characterization and Modeling for LEO-Ground Links. In: Uysal M, Capsoni C, Ghassemlooy Z, et al. (eds) Optical Wireless Communications: An Emerging Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 87–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Why You Shouldn’t Want To Always Be Happy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Methodology Transfer Paper 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swinford RR (2012) Adapted dance - connecting mind, body and soul. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Some Live Colbert Shows Planned After Debates. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spielman 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kolaczkowski and Thornton 2004; Spielman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kolaczkowski and Thornton 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kotz et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
AbbreviationRev. Fish Biol. Fish.
ISSN (print)0960-3166
ISSN (online)1573-5184
ScopeAquatic Science

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